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Vocabulary: Structural Analysis
Lesson Objective
Vocabulary: Structural Analysis
Background Information for Teacher
Teacher words are in bold.
Student Prior Knowledge
• “Word Parts,” Student Page 1
• “Working with Word Parts,” Student Page 2
• “Word Parts and Meaning,” Student Page 5
Step-by-Step Guided Lesson
Step 1: Start Video
(Tips: Interact with the video by pausing, to ask questions or discuss information viewed with student.)
Step 2: Teach Lesson
un- dis- -ful
1. Read the definition of each affix to the student and give sample words and sentences to build meaning.
- This prefix means “not.” If a camper is not afraid of the dark, he is unafraid.
- This prefix means “not.” If a chef is not pleased with the taste of a dish, she is displeased with it.
This suffix means “full of” or “with a lot of.” If an insect bite causes a lot of pain, it is a painful bite.
2. Have the student create words by adding affixes to the base words tie, like, and fear. Ask s/he to check a dictionary to make sure
that the combinations they create are all real words. Then have the student write sentences using the words they make.
Sometimes when reading, you might come across a word that looks long and difficult. It can be tempting to pass right over
it. But it might be an important word. It might relate to an important idea.
To figure out what the word means, think of it as a puzzle. Many longer words have built-in clues. These clues are special
parts that have their own special meanings.
Give the student a copy of “Word Parts,” Student Page 1(Step 3)
. Direct the student’s attention to the word in the top box. This word
looks long and complicated. But we can break it down into parts. Doing so will help us figure out what the word means.
The first part of the word is un-. Have the student point to the box containing un-. Un- is a prefix meaning “not.” A prefix is
added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. Have the student point to the box containing success. What is the
second part? (success) Success is the base word. What does success mean? (Possible response: victory) Have the student
write this word in the box under success. The last part of this word is -ful. A suffix is added to the end of a word. The suffix -ful
means “full of.” When we put the meaning of un- and the meaning of -ful together with the meaning of success, we have a
meaning for the entire word. Point to the boxes containing not, victory, and full of. What does the word unsuccessful mean? (not
full of victory) Have the student write the words not full of victory in the last box.
Let’s practice using word parts to figure out the meaning of some other unfamiliar words.
Distribute “Working with Word Parts,” Student Page 2. (Step 3)
Have the student read aloud the text next to each picture. Guide the student in identifying the words parts and meaning of each
underlined word.
Finally, have the student complete the box at the bottom of the page to tell about a time they worked out a disagreement. Have the
student draw a picture to illustrate their story.
Now practice using word parts on your own.
1. Give the student a copy of “Word Parts and Meaning,” Student Page 5. (Step 3)
2. Monitor the student’s progress and remind them to think about the meaning of each word part and what the parts mean when you
put them together. Have the student record the meaning that belongs in each blank box and space.
3. Close the lesson by writing disgraceful on the board. Have the student find information on Student Page 5 that can help them
decide the meaning of the word. Ask the student to define disgraceful. Affirm or provide corrective feedback.
Step 3: Complete the worksheet attached below.
Worksheets needed to complete the lesson
Student Page 2
2. un happy Unhappy means “not happy.”
3. dis agree Disagree means “to not think the same way.”
4. cheer ful Cheerful means “full of a happy feeling.”
Answers will vary, but students should use disagreed in the first sentence and agreed in the second.
Student Page 5
1. not + alike Dissimilar means “not alike.”
2. un + usual not + (common) Unusual means “not common.”
3. grace + ful (loveliness) + full of Graceful means “full of loveliness.”
Step 4: Review. Start the next lesson with the game or activity attached below for review so the student can demonstrate
understanding of this lesson before moving forward.
Answer Key
Student Pages 4
1. (a happy feeling) + full of Joyful means “full of a happy feeling.”
2. un + covered not + (under something) Uncovered means “not under something.”
3. dis + obey not + (to follow the rule) Disobey means “to not follow the rule.