“This is a day you are to commemorate; for the
generations to come you shall celebrate it as a
festival to the LORD – a lasting ordinance.”
Exodus 12:14
Passover is a night
of rejoicing, a night of thanksgiving
and a night to praise God. And today
at Passover we really can
praise God because the children of
Israel were redeemed out of the land
of Egypt. We can praise God because death
really did pass over the homes of the
Israelites. But more importantly
we can praise God because those of us
who know Him are redeemed from an even
greater bondage. Through our
faith in the Messiah Yeshua, we too, can literally
pass over from death into life!
LEADER: Celebrating the Passover goes back to the
time when Moses led the children of Israel out of the
bondage of Egypt. God has commanded that the
Passover be celebrated as a lasting ordinance.
(Exodus 12:14)
There is a lot of symbolism in the modern Seder as
we see Christ our Passover Lamb who has redeemed
us from the bondage of sin and death.
Blessing Over the Candles
LEADER: Let us remember this evening that Yeshua
is a light to the nations and the glory of His people
LEADER: Baruch atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-
Olam, sheshalach et bin'chay'chid'cha, Yeshua ha
Mashiach, lih'yot or ha olam b'she ha pesach shelanu
l'man nich' yeh biz'chuto. Amen.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are you, O Lord our
God, King of the Universe, who has sent Your Son,
Your Only Son, Yeshua the Messiah, to be the light of
the world and our Passover Lamb, that through Him
we might live. Amen
KIDDUSH: The First Cup
LEADER: This is the first of the four cups of wine or
grape juice that are to be drunk at the Passover Seder
- four cups, to commemorate God's four-fold
promise of redemption to the Children of Israel:
"I will bring you out from under the burdens of
the Egyptians.
I will deliver you from their bondage.
I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and
with great judgements.
I will take you for My people, and I will be your
God." (Exodus 6:6-7a).
LEADER: Baruch Atah, Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-
Olam, she-hechiyanu, v'kiy'manu, v'higiyanu
la-z'man ha-zeh.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are You, O Lord our
God, King of the Universe, who has given us life, and
sustained us, and enabled us to reach this season.
LEADER: Baruch Atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech
ha-Olam, boreh p'ri hagafen.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are You, O Lord our
God, King of the Universe, who created the fruit of
the vine.
LEADER: "And when He had taken the cup and given
thanks, He said, 'Take this and share it among
yourselves, for I say to you, I will not drink of the
fruit of the vine from now until the Kingdom of God
comes."' (Luke 22:17-18)
Please drink the first cup.
The Washing of the Hands
LEADER: Ritual washings have been a part of Jewish
life since God commanded Aaron to bathe his hands
and feet before approaching the altar of the LORD.
So we customarily wash our hands at this time as a
symbolic act of our desire to live lives of acceptable
service to Almighty God.
LEADER: Yet Jesus carried this notion of servant
hood one step further on that Passover night in the
upper room. "He laid aside His garments, took a
towel, and girded Himself and began to wash the
disciples' feet." How graciously He has taught us the
fullest meaning of servant hood - humility. For, "He
that is greatest among you shall be his servant...and
he that shall humble himself shall be exalted."
LEADER: Passover is an object lesson; the foods and
items on the table are objects that help us to tell the
story of redemption. This parsley which we will be
eating represents springtime and life; we eat it
dipped in salt water which represents the suffering
and the tears of the bondage of Egypt, and the pain
of a life without redemption.
LEADER: Baruch Atah, Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-
Olam, boreh p'ri ha-adamah.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are You, O Lord our
God, King of the Universe, who created the fruit of
the earth.
LEADER: Please dip and eat the karpas.
Eating a Green Vegetable
Breaking the Middle Matzah
LEADER: Here we have a plate with three layers of
unleavened bread or matzah. This is the bread of affliction
which our forefathers ate in the land of Egypt.
In a Jewish household, the three matzot represent the
patriarchs of Israel: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. They can
also be seen as the priests, the Levites, and the Israelites.
Christians recognize the three matzot as the Father, Son,
and Holy Spirit.
At this point, the father in a Jewish household removes the
middle matzah and breaks it.
One half of the broken matzah is called the afikomen,
which literally means, "I came."
Figuratively, it has come to mean "that which comes after."
Let us look at this afikomen which represents Christ's
CONGREGATION: "He was smitten by God and afflicted."
(Isaiah 53:4)
LEADER: See how it is bruised and striped.
CONGREGATION: "But He was wounded for our
trangressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the
chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and by His
stripes we are healed." (Isaiah 53:5)
LEADER: See how the matzah is pierced.
CONGREGATION: "...and they shall look upon Me
whom they have pierced." (Zechariah 12:10)
LEADER: The afikomen is wrapped in a white cloth and
is hidden or buried.
After the meal, we will bring back the afikomen because
it is the last food eaten at the Passover Seder.
What is Different?
LEADER: At this point in the service usually the youngest
child in the house will ask four questions, all in reference
to the question, "Why is this night different from all the
other nights?"
CHILD: Why is this night different from all the other
- On all other nights, we can eat both leavened and
unleavened bread; tonight, why only unleavened bread?
- On all other nights, we eat all kinds of herbs; tonight,
why only bitter herbs?
- On all other nights, we dip our foods once; tonight, why
do we dip twice?
- On all other nights, we can eat either sitting up straight
or reclining; tonight, why do we all recline?
LEADER: Before we tell the Passover Story, let us answer
the four questions:
FATHER 1: We eat matzah because when the children of
Israel left the land of Egypt, they left so quickly that they
had to take their dough with them before it had a chance
to rise. The result was this unleavened bread or matzah.
FATHER 2: We eat bitter herbs to remind us of the
bitterness of slavery, because a life without redemption is
bitter indeed.
FATHER 3: We dip twice to remind us that a life of bondage
is bitter indeed, but that even the most bitter life is
sweetened with the promise of redemption.
FATHER 4: On Passover, we recline because in ancient
times, only the free peoples, only the redeemed, could eat
LEADER: As Christians celebrating the Passover, we have an
additional question.
CHILD: Father, why as Christians are we keeping the
FATHER 5: This is not only a Jewish Feast, but it is in fact a
Feast of the Lord. We want to see Jesus revealed in the
Passover Feast and by understanding the old, we can better
understand the new. As Ephesians 2 records, it helps to
break down the wall of hostility between Jews and Gentiles.
Telling the Passover Story
READER 1: Why is this night different from all other
nights? Because, "we were slaves of Pharoah in Egypt, but
the Lord our God brought us from that land with a strong
hand and an outstretched arm." Our forefather Jacob went
down to Egypt - there was a great famine in the land of
Canaan where he lived, but in Egypt, he heard that there
was food and water to spare. He sojourned there, at the
invitation of his long-lost son Joseph, who had become
great in Egypt, second only to Pharoah, and Jacob and his
household settled in the land of Goshen.
READER 2: Only seventy people went with Jacob,
but there in Egypt, the children of Israel became a
distinct nation, and the Bible tells us that the land
was filled with them. Then, there came a new
Pharoah who knew not Joseph. He treated the
Israelites harshly saying, "Come, let us deal wisely
with them, lest they multiply and in event of a war,
they also joined themselves to those that hate us and
fight against us and depart from the land."
(Exodus 1:10)
READER 3: The Egyptians oppressed and "They
appointed taskmasters over the children of Israel to
afflict them with hard labour, and they built for Pharoah
storage cities, Pithom and Raamses."
(Exodus 1:11) And the children of Israel cried to the Lord,
and the Lord heard their voice and saw their afflictions
and their toil and oppression. "And the Lord brought us
out of Egypt with a mighty hand, an outstretched arm,
and with great terror and with signs and wonders."
(Deuteronomy 26:7) "For I will pass through the land of
Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the first
born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and
against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgements -
I am the Lord." (Exodus 12:12)
READER 4: Blessed be He who keeps His promise to
Israel! For the Holy One, blessed be He, determined the
end of our bondage as He promised to Abraham; "Know
for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a
land that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and
oppressed 400 years. But I will also judge the nation
whom they will serve; and afterwards they will come out
with many possessions." And it was this promise which
has been the support of our ancestors and of us as well.
For not only has one enemy risen up to destroy us, but
in every generation, there are those who seek to destroy
us. But the Holy One, blessed be He, delivers us from
their hands.
LEADER: The Lord brought the Israelites out from Egypt
with great terror and with signs and wonders. This refers
to the ten plagues which the Holy One brought upon the
Egyptians. As we recite the plagues, we will spill a drop so
that our cup may be diminished. In Jewish tradition, a full
cup represents complete joy. As we recount the plagues,
we want to lessen our joy and recount the sufferings of the
1. Blood
2. Frogs
3. Lice
4. Swarms of insects
5. Cattle disease
6. Boils
7. Hail
8. Locusts
9. Darkness
10. Death of the firstborn
The Second Cup - Plagues
LEADER: Baruch Atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-Olam,
boreh p'ri hagafen.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe, who created the fruit of the vine.
LEADER: Please drink the second cup.
LEADER: How thankful we should be to God for His
many deeds of kindness to us! And in thankfulness, let us
sing together the tradition Passover thanksgiving song,
LEADER: This lamb bone represents the lamb that was
sacrificed for blood to be put on the doorposts of the
Israelites' homes.
CONGREGATION: "And when I see the blood, I will pass
over you, and no plague will befall you when I strike the
land of Egypt." (Exodus 12:13b)
LEADER: By the blood of the lamb was Israel spared.
CONGREGATION: By the blood of the lamb was Jacob
LEADER: By the blood of the lamb was death made to
pass over.
CONGREGATION: "Behold, the Lamb of God who takes
away the sins of the world!"
Ilu ho-tsi, ho-tsi-o-nu,
Ho-tsi-onu mi-Mitz-ra-yim
Ho-tsi-onu mi-Mitz-ra-yim
Ilu na-tan, na-tan-la-nu,
Na-tan-la-nu To-rat e-met,
To-rat e-met na-tan-la-nu,
LEADER: If He had just brought us out of the land of
Egypt, dayenu, it would have been enough. If He had just
given us the Sabbath, dayenu. If He had just given us the
Torah, dayenu. But if He had just given us the Messiah,
dayenu, for Messiah is sufficient for all of us.
Eating the Unleavened Bread
LEADER: Regarding the matzah, the Scriptures tell us,
"With the dough they had brought from Egypt, they
baked cakes of unleavened bread. The dough was without
yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and did
not have time to prepare food for themselves."
(Exodus 12:39)
Take now a good-sized piece of matzah, and after the
blessings, we'll eat it together.
LEADER: Baruch Atah, Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-
Olam, ha-motzi lechem min ha-aretz.
Baruch Atah, Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-Olam, asher
kid-shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al achilat matzah.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe, who brings forth bread from the
Blessed are You, O Lord our God, who commanded us
concerning the eating of Matzah.
LEADER: Please eat the matzah.
LEADER: Concerning the bitter herbs, the Bible tells
us, "They (the Egyptians) made their lives bitter with
hard labour in brick and mortar and with all kinds of
work in the fields; in all their hard labour the
Egyptians used them ruthlessly." (Exodus 1:14)
Take a piece of matzah, dip it into the horseradish,
and we will taste the bitter herbs together. Let the
bitter herbs be a reminder of the bitterness the
Israelites experienced and also a reminder of a life
without redemption.
LEADER: Baruch Atah, Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-
Olam, asher kid'shanu b'mitzvotav, v'tzivanu al
achilat maror.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe, who commanded us concerning
the eating of the bitter herbs.
LEADER: Please eat the matzah dipped in the bitter
Eating the Bitter Herbs
KORECH: Eating the Bitter Herbs
with Matzah and Charoseth
LEADER: It is customary to eat the bitter herbs along with
charoseth, this brown mixture that represents the mortar
that the children of Israel used to make their bricks. The
charoseth is sweet, and we eat it as a reminder that the
bitterest labour is sweetened by the promise of
It is also customary to eat the matzah and the bitter herbs
together as a sandwich, so take another piece of matzah,
dip it in horseradish, then in charoseth, and eat.
It is also customary to begin to begin the actual meal with
a slice of hardboiled egg dipped in saltwater. The egg
represents the chagigah, the festival sacrifice that was
offered in the Temple of Jerusalem until its destruction in
70 A.D. The egg is a symbol of mourning for the Temple,
and is dipped in saltwater again which represents the tears
of life. The egg also represents hope because contained
within the egg is hope and the promise of new life. Let us
begin our festival meal with a piece of egg, and we will say
grace after the meal, as is the Jewish custom.
Shulchahn Orech: The Festival Meal
LEADER: Let us give thanks to the Lord.
CONGREGATION: May the name of the Lord be
blessed from this time forth and forever.
LEADER: We praise You, O God, from whose
abundance we have partaken.
CONGREGATION: We praise You, O Lord our God,
and Saviour and our King, who gives bread to all
flesh, for Your loving kindness endures forever.
Grace After the Meal
Eating the Afikomen
LEADER: At this time the children will search for the
hidden afikomen and bring it back to the father.
Traditionally, the father would redeem this afikomen
with money as a reward.
We see once again how this afikomen represents
Christ's death, burial, and resurrection.
It was at this time during the Seder that Yeshua said to
His disciples, "This is My body which is given for you;
this do in remembrance of Me."
As we eat, let us meditate on the broken body of Christ.
LEADER: It is now time for the third cup - the cup of
redemption that symbolizes the blood of the Passover
Lamb. It was concerning this very cup, the cup of
redemption - the cup taken after dinner - that the
Messiah Jesus said: "This cup is the new covenant in My
blood, which is shed for you." (Luke 22:20)
LEADER: Baruch Atah, Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-
Olam, boreh p'ri ha-gafen.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe, who created the fruit of the vine.
LEADER: Please drink the third cup.
B'RUCHA: The Third Cup
Elijah The Prophet
LEADER: In Jewish tradition, the prophet Elijah is
seen as a forerunner, one who will come and herald
the coming of the Messiah. Traditionally, a child
opens a door, looking forward to Elijah's coming and
announcing the Messiah.
CONGREGATION: "Behold, I am going to send you
Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and
terrible day of the Lord. He will restore the hearts of
the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the
children to their fathers..." (Malachi 4:5-6a).
LEADER: Baruch ha-bah!
CONGREGATION: Blessed is He who comes!
LEADER: Let us read together Psalm 118:22-24.
CONGREGATION: "The stone the builders rejected
has become the capstone; the LORD has done this,
and it is marvelous in our eyes. This is the day the
LORD has made; let us rejoice and be glad in it."
SONG: Forever
Give thanks to the Lord our God and King
His love endures forever
For He is good, He is above all things
His love endures forever
Sing praise, sing praise
With a mighty hand and outstretched arm
His love endures forever
For the life that's been reborn
His love endures forever
Sing praise, sing praise(2)
Forever God is faithful
Forever God is strong
Forever God is with us
Forever (2x)
HALLEL: Psalms of Praise
Psalms 113-118
From the rising of the setting sun
His love endures forever
And by the grace of God we will carry on
His love endures forever
Sing praise, sing praise
Sing praise, sing praise
His love endures forever (8x)
Sing praise, sing praise
Sing praise, sing praise
HALLEL: The Fourth Cup
LEADER: Baruch Atah Adonai, Eloheinu Melech
ha-Olam, boreh p'ri hagafen.
CONGREGATION: Blessed are You, O Lord our
God, King of the Universe, who created the fruit of
the vine.
LEADER: Let us drink.
Concluding the Passover Seder
LEADER: Now our Seder is concluded, our
redemption is complete. May our hearts be joined
together in gratitude for His death and resurrection
and for the promise of His return.
CONGREGATION: Even so, come, Lord Jesus
LEADER: La'shanah ha-ba-ah b'Y'rushalayim;
CONGREGATION: Next year in Jerusalem!
“Therefore behold, thedays are
coming,” says theLORD, “that it
shall no more be said,
‘TheLordlives who brought up
the children of Israel from the land
of Egypt,’ but, ‘TheLORD
lives who brought up the children
of Israel from the land of thenorth
and from all the lands where He
had driven them.’ ForI will bring
them back into their land which I
gave to their fathers."
Jeremiah 16:14-15
In Moses' Day
Plagues > Led to Exodus (Aliyah)
We invite you to sow your Passover First
Fruit offerings into supporting the Aliyah of
God's people home to Israel.
In Our Day
Plagues > Lead to Passover and Aliyah!
Return Ministries
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RR 4, Bright, ON, Canada
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Phone: (519) 684-7198
Aliyah Return Center in Israel