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What are some things that came from Turkey

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Turbo Turkey

By Eren Kaya







Toys and Games.........5




Arts and Crafts......7,8















Table of Contents

         Turkey is a marvelous and beautiful country located in between Europe and Asia. Turkey is a country with most of it in Asia and some of it is in Europe. Turkey Used to be the Ottoman empire which lasted from 1299 to the end of WWI. Turkey is a country full of beautiful cities, foods, different culture and very large buildings.

          Pilaf is a very common food in Turkey. It can be found in almost every restaurant at any time. It is a special rice that has been seasoned in broth. The english word “pilaf” was borrowed from the Turkish word “pilau”. Pilaf was served to Alexander the Great on several occasions as a special dish.  The first proper record of how pilaf is prepared is by a tenth-century scholar named Abu Ali Ibn Sina.


            Beyaz Peynir is a cheese very similar to feta cheese. Beyaz peynir is a cheese used in most salads including  veggie, meat and fruit salads. It is almost always eaten raw. Beyaz Peynir is made from either goat, cow or even sheep milk. Beyaz peynir or “white cheese” in English is made from unpasteurized milk and is heavily salted during production.

              Simit is a very common bread. It is very similar to bagel bread and can be found usually at street merchants. You can see or smell the simit from the vendors’ carts on almost every street all over Turkey and has been produced from 1525 to present day.

             Menemen is a very popular Turkish breakfast eaten all over Turkey and is found in almost every restaurant. Some ingriedients are onion, tomatoes, green peppers, white cheese and other seasonings, broths and ingredients.It is mostly served with bread and a watery yogurt called ayran to wash it down.

             Korcapar, meaning “Blind Animal” in Turkey is a game where the blindfolded “it” touches another player, he calls out, “he is burnt!” Capar can have different meanings but the most common is an animal. It refers to when a priest is blindfolded and touches a goat, it is sacrificed.


Toys and Games

              Mangala is a game which is generally played with 12 to 14 players where each player digs seven small holes in the ground in a lines opposite to each other and places stones in each hole. Then each player picks up any stones out of any hole on his/her side and distributes them one by one counter-clockwise beginning at the first hole. The game holes the game is finished when all the holes are empty. The game Mangala was referred to several time in the 15th night in the Arabian Nights.                     

                Horon, also referred to as Khoron is a dance including rapid upper body dances which evolved mainly during the Ottoman reign. The movements from the dance are said to have come from the shimmying of the small Anchovy fish. There are many types of Horon is many countries like Greece, Iraq, Israel, Yemen and Turkey but the main dance is called Tik and is danced in Turkey. Horon was originally from Greece but moved to Turkey and other surrounding countries.



              The Zeybek Dance is a form of folk dance peculiar to Western, Central and Southern Anatolian Turkey. The dance has a common form but is slightly different is almost every region it is performed in. All Zeybek melodies can be divided according to their tempo. Agir means slow and kirvak means fast.

            Hora, a type of circle dance also known as Syrtos is a dance which originated from the Balkans and is mainly played in Eastern Thrace. The words “Hora” and “Oro” are present in many Slavic languages. In those languages including Turkish, “Oro” means round and the original meaning of “hora” is circle.

Arts and Crafts


               A big part of Turkish arts and crafts are the Turkish carpets. Carpet weaving is a traditional art from pre-Islamic times. Turkish carpets are knotted pile-woven floor or wall coverings which are produced mainly in Anatolia and are distinguishable by their red, blue and green dyes and delicate patterns specially woven into the carpet.


      Iznik pottery, named after the town in Western Anatolia where is was first made is a pottery usually consisting of the colors white and blue and are very delicately hand made. Iznik Pottery was mainly produced during about the last quarter of the last quarter of the 15th century and is still being produced to present day. Iznik made the pottery with an underglaze when the last quarter, craftsmen started manufacturing high-quality pottery.

    Paper Marbling is a method of aquatic surface design on paper.. It can produce similar but different designs from traditional polished marble or granite. In the 17th century, travelers from Europe to the Middle East got examples of the papers and bound them into the “Book Of Friendship”.




            Turkish archery which dates back to 2,000 BC is a special archery made for the military use in the Ottoman Empire. As archery in military use started to lower, the Ottomans made a special archery with a special Turkish bow to be used while moving because many archers were on horseback.

             A baglama is sometimes referred to as a Saz. Baglama comes from the word bagla which means tie as in to tie a knot in Turkish. It is an instrument very similar to a Lute. It is a three-stringed instrument. Instruments similar to the Baglama were found in excavation areas at Hittite and Sumerian ruins.


                       The Central Asia Mountain Viper is a very venomous snake. It’s only teeth are two hollow fangs for extruding venom. It is mostly a small species. Its scientific name is Montivipera Albizona. It is called that because it comes from the words “white” and “belt” because of the white bands and brown spots that wrap around the snake from head to tail.


           The Asia Minor Spiny Mouse in a mouse that is found nowhere but Turkey. It is a very small mouse but is covered in thick, coarse, spiny hair. It is also known as the Turkish Spiny Mouse.



    The Central Asia Mountain Viper is a very venomous snake. It’s only teeth are two hollow fangs for extruding venom. It is mostly a small species. Its scientific name is Montivipera Albizona. It is called that because it comes from the words “white” and “belt” because of the white bands and brown spots that wrap around the snake from head to tail.





    The word yogurt originates from the Turkish language from Ottoman times. In turkish, it is spelled as yo─čurt. It sounds like you are saying yo-urt. The term yo─čurtlamak means to curdle cheese and milk.



              The word coffee comes from the Italian word, Caffe.

The origin of the word coffee came to the English language from the italian word caffe. The word caffe comes from the Turkish word "kahvè" that came from the Arabic language where the word “qahwa" as referred to as a type of wine.


              Turquoise comes from the Turkish word “turkuaz” which represents the semi-precious stone and the color. In the 16th century, the word “turquoise” used by the French which meant “Turkish”.



           The name “pastrami” is borrowed from Turkish “pastirma.” The Turkish name comes from the Turkish “bastirma et” or “pressed meat.”

Wind-dried beef had been made in Anatolia for centuries, and dried meat is probably one of the ancestors of the pastirma of Turkey in present day.


Raw Turquoise stone

    National Children's Day is a holiday that all children wanted but Turkey is one of the only countries who celebrate it in the world. The founder of the Republic Of Turkey, “Ataturk” made Childrens Day to remind the children that they are the people of the future. The holiday is celebrated every year on April 23. To celebrate Children’s Day, children in schools do weeklong projects and perform big performances in large stadiums watched by the whole country.

     Victory Day is made to commemorate the victory in the War of independence in 1922. The holiday is also known as Zafer Bayrami and is kind of like their Veteran’s Day. The holiday is always celebrated on April 30 which is the day that Turkey won the war of independence.  It may also be known as armed forces day. It is usually celebrated with air shows and military parades all across the country and children usually don’t have school.


Festivals and Holidays 

         Ramazan Bayrami or Seker Bayrami is a festival that lasts 3 days after another tradition where people fast for a month called "Ramadan Bayrami". It means Festival of the Breaking of the Fast” and is celebrated as soon as the new moon is sighted at the end of the month of the fast. To celebrate, kids around the nation lots of candy, dessert and sweets. They call the candy eaten on that day "bayram sekeri."

    Eid Ul Adha is also known as “Kurban Bayrami” and means “Feast of the Sacrifice” in Turkish. When celebrating, they sacrifice an animal like a goat, cow, sheep or other appropriate animals. In Muhammad's time, they usually sacrificed a camel.

Good Evening!

How are you?


English Word


Iyi aksamlar




Turkish Word


Iyi ak-sham-lar

How to pronounce




From: Eren Kaya



To: Readers