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Final Project: Scrapbook

1. Oedipus Rex 2. Heart of Darkness

3. Hamlet           4. Paradise Lost

by Ashley Batjer

The legendary tale of how he defeated the Sphinx, which he uses to prove his valor and worth.

His old picture of Polybus and Merope, who he believes are his biological parents.

What he carries with him: 

A King's Curse: Oedipus Rex




-ultimately hopeless

-thinks Tiresias is lying about curse





(To Tiresias) "Thou lov'st to speak in riddles and dark words."


"But I Who rank myself as Fortune's favorite child,
The giver of good gifts, shall not be shamed."


"To wit I should defile my mother's bed
And raise up seed too loathsome to behold,
And slay the father from whose loins I sprang."


Oedipal Complex:

-wanting to kill one's father and wanting to sleep with one's mother

-in a girl, called Electra Complex

-usually has subtle signs before puberty but then disappears

-the entire premise behind the Prophet's curse

-what Oedipus is most afraid of

The Tragic Flaw:


-Oedipus' was hubris

-leads to hero's fall

The King's Tale: Oedipus Rex

Greek Tragedy:

1. The Fall-Oedipus' fulfilling the curse

2. Suffering-gauging out his eyes because he couldn't bear to see the ugly world he created

3. Reconciliation-demanding exile from Creon

Excerpt from my notes:

--Curse = fate

--Oedipus is ignorant and too stubborn on the topic of his fate

--leads to his fall

--hubris = tragic flaw

-in his mind, everything

-tribes of natives

-human heads lining his house

-his Report for the International Society for the Suppression of Savage Customs

-madness caused by his savage environment

-his painting, which lies in the Central Station


The Legendary Kurtz


-arrogant, racist, imperialistic

-worshipped by natives

-worshipped by men along Congo River

-Marlow's destination

-believes in the White Man's Burden to civilize the savage natives with dark skin


"Exterminate the brutes!"


"The horror! The horror!"


"My ivory" "My Intended" "My river"



Excerpt from my annotations:

"'I felt I was becoming scientifically interesting.'"


-starting to become mentally affected by environment

-had absorbed enough darkness to notice a change

-Marlow sees the unjust effects of imperialism

Moral Corruption:

-unclear whether Marlow shows any signs

-Kurtz is true representation

-question is: justified or not?

-result of environment or not?

Conrad's Novella: Heart of Darkness 

Excerpt from notes:

The Accountant tells Marlow of Mr. Kurtz. He is dressed very well compared to the surrounding slaves. Marlow is confused by him. Mr. Kurtz is in charge of a trading post that trades the most ivory the Accountant has ever seen.




-plot events are not the main action in the novel

-characterization plays a large role

-written not-so-clearly to represent a not-so-clear vision of Imperialism in the Congo

-Marlow tells the central story of the novel

-tragic hero

-speaks to Father's ghost

-slowly goes mad with self-loathing

-loves Ophelia, until madness takes over

-kills Claudius in the end to get revenge


Hamlet: The Madman


-honoring your family is of the utmost importance

-a woman should not remarry within a short amount of time after being widowed

-time is a relative thing

-violence is always the answer


"Haste me to know't, that I, with wings as swift as meditation or the thoughts of love, may sweep to my revenge."


"O, what a rogue and peasant slave am I!" 


Theme of Time:

-Hamlet is upset by the amount of time it took his mother to remarry

-Hamlet wants to limit the amount of time his father spends in purgatory


Interview with Hunter

"A major theme is how Hamlet deals with grief. He starts by wearing black in mourning, but later starts seeking revenge after finding out that his father was murdered. And then you have Gertrude, who doesn't seem to be affected by her husband's death. This shows the characters' differing responses to grief."

Hamlet, The Shakespeare Play

Play within the play:

-Hamlet uses a play to show that Claudius murdered his father

-similar to the play with Pyramus and Thisbe during Midsummer Night's Dream


-later called Lucifer

-the foil to God

-plans to war against God

-has Beelzebub as angel friend

-unites and reigns over fallen angels



"But O how fall'n! how chang'd

From him, who in the happy Realms of Light

Cloth'd with transcendent brightnes didst outshine

Myriads though bright..."


"To do ought good never will be our task,

But ever to do ill our sole delight,

As being the contrary to his high will

Whom we resist."



-God is the enemy because he didn't show his power and kicked angels out of Heaven unfairly

-an eternal war is better than not going against God at all



-Setting: After God banishes Satan from Heaven

-the ways of God to men = actions, decisions

-military diction (squadrons, commander, etc)

-God has allowed Satan this power: allowing Evil to exist

From my notes:

Literary epics:

-Hero is figure of great national or cosmic importance

-The setting may be worldwide or beyond

-The action involves superhuman deeds in battle

-The gods or other supernatural beings take an active role; sometimes they are referred to as the "machinery" of the epic

-An epic is a ceremonial performance and narrated in a style different from ordinary speech, grand and formal---therefore, the term "grand style" because of extensive allusions, imitation of Homer's epithets and epic similes

Milton's Paradise Lost

The Epic Simile

-formal simile in which the comparative object is developed more than the secondary

-examples: bees, size of Satan, Belial and Ely's sons