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Puerto Rico

by Connor Aurand

San Juan, the capital of Puerto Rico.

The capital city is San Juan. It's the oldest capital city in the USA. The population is 3 million people! The size in area is 3,515 million miles squared! Puerto Rico is located at 18 degrees N and 66 degrees W longitude and latitude.Puerto Rico's style of government is representative democracy. Their president is the same as ours and there governor is Garcia Padilla. 

Puerto Rico Basic Info 

Puerto Rico's Landforms

Cerro de Punta is the tallest mountain in Puerto Rico. It is 4,390 feet tall.

The three most common landforms are mountains, coastal plains and karst. According to a karst is an irregular limestone region with with sinkholes, underground streams and caverns. Mountains make up most of Puerto Rico's terrain. Coastal plains are flat areas of land by the ocean. Puerto Rico is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean.

This is Karst

A coastal plain. 

The Climate in Puerto Rico is on average 70 degrees F in the mountain regions. It it can get up to about 100 degrees Farenheit closer to sea level. Puerto Rico has a desert/tropical climate even though most of the terrain is mostly mountains.

Puerto Rico temperature and climate

Puerto Rico with mountains in the background.

Puerto Rico man made things

Old San Juan city. It's cobblestone streets are lined with buildings  from 1500-1600s.

Archaelogical Monuments like Caguana Indigenous Ceremonial Center are man made. This is an important historical site from 1200-1500 AD and has monuments and petroglyphs.

Arecibo observatory is the site of the world's largest single dish radio-aperture telescope. It's diameter is 305 meters. It was constructed using a natural karst sinkhole from 1960-1963. 

This is copper from a mine.

Puerto Rico's Natural Resources

The natural resources of Puerto Rico are its land, copper and nickel. The land and beuty of Puerto Rico are it's main natural resource because it draws so many visitors and draws the tourism economy. According to, a multi year study of the island known and undiscovered mineral resources indicated that at least 11 different types of mineral deposits  like copper, iron, gold, manganese, silver, zinc, lead and other minerals (cement, stones, clay, and sand) are currently being produced by mining on the island. Copper is found in caves and a few feet under ground in some places. Nickel is 25% of the coin it is mined out of caves and also under ground. Close to 1,500 people are employed in mininig on the island.

Bioluminescent Bay in Puerto Rico. This is a place where little creatures make the water glow. My parents went there.

this is nickle.

Pharmaceutical manufacturing

The Island most important industrial products are pharmaceutical manufacturing, electronics, and apparel. Puerto Rico is ranked 5th in medicine manufacturing. When Hurricane Irma struck it and Damaged this industry so dad that even some emergency rooms by us were short on some medication. San Juan is the Puerto Rican leader in manufacturing clothes. Electronics manufacturing makes up 15.2% of the manufacturing industry. From  




This is a Sugarcane plantation

Raw Pigeon Peas

Products of Puerto Rico

Even though Puerto Rico has a tropical climate, so farmers could grow food all year, Puerto Rico imports 80 percent of its food. Coffee is the most valuable crop, followed by vegetables, sugarcane and fruit then dairy and meat.

Puerto Rican Coffee was the official coffee of the Pope for centuries!

Arroz con Gandules y Lechon is the national dish of Puerto Rico. It is made from yellow rice, pigeon peas and pork.

A Spanish map I found that shows what people like to do.

The Culture of Puerto Rico

Spanish and English are the official language of Puerto Rico. Eighty five percent of the population are Roman Catholic.Puerto Rican food use lots of rice Pigeon Peas and Pork. Puerto Rican Culture is colorful

Justin Bieber first played his hit song, Despacito, in Puerto Rico. 

Men playing traditional Taino music.