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Air Pollution

by William Dooley

40% of US citizens are breathing dirty air. Air Pollution has become a gigantic issue in the United States today. The purpose of this book is to educate you on Air Pollution and on how to stop it. It is getting worse, and we must do something about it. There are many causes, effects, and many ways that we can reduce and help. I would like to dedicate this book to all the people who are breathing in dirty air. I hope that some day they will breathe clean air.

Introduction and Dedication 

Introduction- pg. 2

Chapter 1- pg. 4

Chapter 2- pg. 11

Chapter 3- pg. 17 

Glossary- pg. 25

Bibliography- pg. 26  

Table of Contents

When you think of pollution, you usually think of land pollution or of water pollution. Did you know that pollution can be in the air too? There are many causes for it, though. Cars, factories and industrialized centers, and natural wildfires. Air Pollution has been an immense problem over the years and did you know that you are causing it. Every time you go in a car, every time you leave the lights on, and every time you light a fire, you are creating air pollution.


Chapter 1:

Causes of Air Pollution

Have you ever seen a tailpipe of a car? Did you notice that there is an almost invisible substance seeping out of the end of the car? Well, that substance is called petroleum. Petroleum is a fossil fuel. Petroleum is formed by hydrocarbons and can sometimes be called Crude Oil. It is one of the main causes of Air Pollution. Also, cars emission greenhouse gases. That is another chemical similar to petroleum in that it contributes to Air Pollution.  According to, “most cars of the ½ of a billion cars on the road today burn greenhouses gases and petroleum”. Also, states  that “75% of the nation’s air pollution accounts for the burning of carbon monoxide.”


 Car Emissions

Industrial Air Pollution

Did you know that when you keep the lights on, you cause air pollution?  This cause of air pollution is factories/industrial air pollution. Did you know that factories emit sulfur dioxide into the air? It is another chemical that is harmful to the environment. Did you know that 70% of the energy in the United States is produced by Fossil Fuels? According to National Geographic, “industrial air pollution releases methane into the air.” Methane is a chemical that when released can damage humans and plants.


Natural Air Pollution


Did you know that nature can cause air pollution too? First of all, according to National Geographic, “volcanic eruptions release sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere.” Also, wildfires cause an immense amount of pollution. In addition, dust storms produce a gigantic amount of pollution. The dust rises and goes into the atmosphere. Wildfires cause pollution because the smoke from the fire rises and destroys the ozone layer. Finally, did you know that plants can cause pollution too? A chemical called VOC can be released from plants.





In conclusion, there are many causes of air pollution. Driving on the road, keeping the lights on, and lighting a fire. You may not know it, but you are polluting the air daily even if you don’t even know it. Please help and don’t cause air pollution by reducing the time in your car, turn off the lights, and don’t light that much fires.

 Chapter 2:

Effects of Air Pollution

Imagine the blue skies. The blue skies that have been on this planet for a very long time. Well, now, in some areas of the world, there are no blue skies. There are gray skies. This is the effect of air pollution. There are many effects of air pollution including smog, serious health issues, and the environment being destroyed.


Have you ever heard of the word smog? Smog is a hybrid of two words, smoke, and fog. That is what smog is. According to, when smoke from coal burning power plants combines with vehicle exhaust, it produces toxic smog. Did you know that smog is more common in the winter? Smog is more common in the winter because people burn coal to keep their homes warm in the winter. That creates air pollution. Smog is definitely not good because you can’t go outside and you must wear an air pollution mask. This limits sports and physical activity.


Are you aware that air pollution has so many health effects on humans? First of all, according to the World Health Organization, you can receive many illnesses from breathing in toxic and polluted air. These illnesses include strokes, heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory disease. Also, according to, particles from air pollution are so tiny that they can bypass the body’s natural defense system and lodge deep into the lungs where they can cause serious illnesses. But that's not all, according to CNN, air pollution can cause chest infections and asthma. In 2014, there were 2,616 deaths due to air pollution.

Health Effects On Humans

Also, there are many effects on animals too! First of all,  according to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, animals can experience health problems. This can be very bad for humans because we eat the animals and we could also get sick from their exposure to air pollution. Second, this can damage crops. Crops can also suffer from exposure to air pollution. In addition, air pollution contributes to global warming which is melting the ice caps. In addition, air pollution can cause a number of natural disasters including acid rain, eutrophication, haze, ozone depletion, and global climate change.


Air Pollution Effects On Animals

Chapter 2 Conclusion


In conclusion, there are many effects on the environment due to air pollution. These effects can include smog, health effects, and environmental effects. I really hope that we will get our blue skies back.


 Chapter 3: How We Can Help

Air Pollution is a serious problem in the world today. There are many ways that we can help reduce air pollution. We can do it by making sure our appliances are energy efficient, reducing our use of car transportation, and using alternative energy sources.


 Pollution By Your Appliances

Did you know that at home you are burning a large amount of greenhouse gases? You may not know it, but when you are using your appliances, you are contributing to air pollution. According to “if you set your washer and dryer to warm and cold instead of hot, you can save 500 pounds of co2 per year. Also, states that you “should turn down you water heater and select energy efficient appliances.” Also, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) states that “wood stoves and fireplaces well maintained.”


Energy Efficient Cars

There are ways that we can help cars become more efficient. This is getting harder because of the sharp drop in oil prices recently. But, now recently people have started coming up with hybrid and electric cars which are more efficient than regular cars. According to CBS: Norway’s Latest Climate Trend, “¼ the cars that are sold in Norway are electric. Some electric cars in Norway are free. If you have an electric car, you get free ferry rides, no highway tolls, and free government electric car charging stations. You also get to drive in the bus and taxi lanes.” Hybrid cars are also very efficient. These cars combine regular gasoline fuel, with electric power. In addition, people can carpool, ride public transportation, or walk and ride a bike.

Alternative Energy Sources 

In the past years, many people have come up with alternative energy to replace fossil fuels which cause air pollution. One of these energy sources is solar. Solar energy harnesses solar power and creates it into energy. This is becoming very popular lately. Another energy source is wind turbines. According to, “wind turbines use the wind to generate kinetic energy.” Also, “wind turbines can be used to generate tons of energy within farms both onshore and offshore.” An additional energy source is geothermal. According to, “heat can be transformed from underground into energy.” Also, “25% of energy in Iceland, is geothermal.” Biomass is also another form of alternative energy. According to, biomass energy is just garbage that is turned into energy.” It is definitely an interesting form of energy.


In conclusion, we can help. Us humans have come up with some very creative ideas on how to conserve energy. Whether it is at home, in the car, or at a power plant, we can maybe save the Earth from becoming a mess. If we all work together, we can maybe help our environment. There is hope left.


Chapter 3 Conclusion

acid rain- severe rain caused by air pollution.



air pollution- a combination of air and smoke and harmful gasses. It can be very dangerous and hazardous to the health of humans and animals


air pollution mask- a mask that can be used to protect smog.

alternative energy source- an energy source that is better and that pollutes less.


appliances- an instrument used for a purpose.


Asthma- an allergic disorder where you have an asthma attack and you cannot breathe.


Atmosphere- a gasless protection shield that is damaged by global warming.



carbon monoxide-an odorless gas that is released when carbon is burned.


chemical- a substance produced by the chemical process.

chest infections- an infection in your chest.


Co2- carbon dioxide; a chemical that contributes to climate change


Coal- a mineral that can be burned


Efficient- performing or functioning in the best possible manner.



electric cars- cars that run purely on electricity.


Eutrophication- relating to the condition of eutrophy.



fossil fuel-an organic material; some examples of fossil fuels are coal, oil, etc.



Gasoline- a liquid that is put into gasoline cars.


gasoline cars- cars that run on gasoline.


geothermal- energy created from the heat under the ground.

global climate changewhen the climate around the world is changing due to air pollution.


greenhouse gasses- any of the gases that are responsible for the greenhouse effect; such as carbon dioxide and methane.


Haze- many particles in the air.


heart disease- a disease in you heart.


Hybrid- a combination of something


hybrid cars- cars that run on part electric, part gasoline.


hydrocarbons- a class of compounds containing hydro and carbons.


Iceland- a country/island in northern Europe.


lung cancer- cancer that is in your lungs.


methane- an odorless gas that contributes to greenhouse gases and the greenhouse effect.


Norway- a country in northwestern Europe; part of Scandinavia.


Oil- a liquid fossil fuel.


ozone depletion- when the ozone layer starts to melt.


ozone layer- the upper part of the atmosphere



petroleum- a mixture created out of carbohydrates.


respiratory disease- a disease that blocks your breathing.



Solar- energy that is harnessed from the sun; usually from panels.


Strokes- a medical issue when your vessel in your brain is blocked.


sulfur dioxide- a non flammable gas that is released when sulfur is burned.  


vehicle exhaust- a gas that is released out of a gasoline car’s tailpipe.



VOC- organic chemicals; an acronym for volatile organic compound.

Smog- a combination of smoke and fog


Waste- something that is not being used.



wind turbines- machines that harness wind energy.


wood stoves- an oven that you put wood in and it cooks.



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“China’s New Most Polluted City: Baoding.” WSJ. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
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“Home.” Alternative Energy Sources. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.
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