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Habitats Food Nutrition MyPlate

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Food: From Farm to Table 

By Mrs. Crystal Hutchins 

My Plate----------------------------3







Table of Contents 

 What do Humans Need to be Healthy?

              My Plate was introduced June 2, 2011 by first lady Michelle Obama, Surgeon General Regina Benjamin and Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack. It is a visual aid for Americans to eat the right types and portions of food. 

             Humans need a balanced diet and excercise in order to live healthy lives, but what does our food need to be healthy? We will look at each food group to see what plants and animals need to be healthy so we, in turn, can be healthy. 

What do Vegetables Need to be Healty?

        Like most plants vegetables need light, food, water, and warmth. Most vegetables need an average of 6 hours of sunlight. The soil provides a place for plant roots to grow and to draw up nutrients.


        Vegetables need 1 - 2 inches of water each week. The air and soil temperature is most important for seed growth. Some seeds do best in cool soil (lettuce, peas, radishes) others need warm soil (tomatoes, squash, corn) to grow. 

        Like vegetables fruits need water, sunlight, space, and food. Fruit trees need to be watered whenever the top 2 inches of soil are dry. Fertilizer, food, is needed based on the plant's growth. If the fruit tree stops growing as quickly then it needs more fertilizer.

What does Fruit Need to Grow?

         Fruit needs full sunlight to grow. When starting out fruit trees need to be spaced out from each other, but do not take up too much space. An important thing is to make sure that the soil is well drained. Many fruits grow in tropical areas along the equator where they get a lot of sun. 


What do Grains Need to Grow?

        Grains are a little like vegetables and fruit in the way they need sunlight, food, water and space. They are easier to keep alive than fruit or vegetables. 

        According to Organic Gardening a good way to control weeds from popping up around grains is to sprinkle hay when the grains are planted. The hay also helps keep the moisture under control. Grains are found commonly in the Mid-West or "bread basket" of America. 


What does Protein need to grow?

         Protein is more than just meat! It includes nuts and cheeses too! As you may know, meet comes from animals like fish, cows, chickens, or pigs. They all need food, space, and care from their farmers. 

       Nuts are plants and reqire the same things as vegetables. Cheeses are made from the milk of a cow or goat. Protein is found in many places if you know where to look. 

As in the last section Dairy includes milk, cheese, and yogurt. Many types of dairy products are made from cow's milk; however some are made from goat's milk.

What about Dairy?

Cows consume an average of 100 pounds of feed per day! Feed is a mix of hay, grain, silage and proteins (such as soybean meal), vitamins and minerals. 


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Agriculture-the raising of crops and livestock, or the science connected with improving the processes involved.

Average-a usual amount or kind; something that is not outside the ordinary.

Consume-to eat; devour.

Equator-the imaginary circle around the earth that is halfway between the North and South Poles.

Fertilizer-a natural or chemical substance added to soil to make it better for growing plants.

Mid-West-the north central part of the United States from the Rocky Mountains through Ohio, Kansas, and Missouri; Middle West.

Minerals-a substance in the earth that does not come from an animal or a plant. Some minerals, like iron and calcium, are important for human health.

Moisture-a small amount of liquid in the air or on a surface.

Nutrients-a nourishing substance in a food.

Organic-producing or produced naturally, as food, without the use of chemical pesticides, growth enhancers, additives, and the like.

Portion-a quantity of food served to or suitable for one person; helping.

Silage-fresh fodder stored and allowed to ferment in a silo.

Silo-a tall building that is used to store food for farm animals. Silos are often shaped like cylinders.

Temperature-the degree of heat or cold in an object or an environment.

Vitamins-a substance needed for the health and normal working of the body