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By Jake Peterson

The Articles of Confederation was drafted during the Revolutionary War.  It was written to give the Colonies a unified Government.  The Articles of Confederation made the states and legislature supreme.  The Articles of Confederation became effective March 1, 1781.

The Constitutional Convention of May 1787 met to draft a new document.  Our Founding Fathers wanted the new nation and its citizens to be free and independant.

Founding Fathers was a group of American leaders who signed the Declaration of Independence and framed the US Constitution. Some of our founding fathers were Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson just to name a few.

Once the Articles of Confederation and Constitution were drafted, the leaders wanted to make sure the National Government was equally represented to give each state their fair representation.  The States were represented by two different branches.  The House of Representatives and The Senate.  The Senate would have the equal number of representatives from the states and the House of Representatives would have representatives from the states from which they were from. One per every 30,000 individuals in the state.

The National Government has very important powers.  Some of them are to: establish a court system, declare war, regulate the military, regulate commerce, and to make the money we spend.

The two branches of Government have similarities and differences that work together to help your government work smoother.


The age requirements for the Representatives is 25 and the Senate is 30.


The House of Representatives responds to the needs of the people faster where as the Senate can be slower and consider the long term effect of laws.


There are more Representatives the House then there are Senators.


The length of the term for the House of Representatives is 2 years and the Senate is 6 years.