Prose - Writing or speaking in the normal or ordinary form; it is arranged in sentednces and paragraphs.
Poetry - A piece of literature written in meter or verse.
Literal - The standard meaning of a word.
Figurative - Departure from the standard meaning of a word to achieve some special meaning or effect.
Hyperbole - Great exageration used to emphasize strong feeling.
Simile - A comparison of one thing with another by the use of the word "like" or "as".
Metaphor - A figure of speech in which a person, an object, or an idea is imaginatively transformed. It may be suggested by comparison, but it need not be.
Personification - Granting human attrinutes to things that are not human.
Ryhthm - Pattern of stressed and unstressed sounds in a line of poetry.
Alliteration - The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words to produce a noticeable effect.
Onamatopia - A word whose sound imitates the actual sound to which it refers, such as pop, sizzle, crush.
Imagery - The use of concrete details that appeal to the five senses.
Cacophony - A succession of harsh, jolting sounds.
Euphony - A succession of smooth, harmonious sounds.
Assonence - The repetition of vowel sounds followed by unlike consonant sounds in stressed swords or syllables.
Consonance - The repetitition of a sequence of two or more consonants, but with a change in the vowels.
Ryhme - The repetition of word ending sounds, wspecifically the repetition of accented vowels sounds plus an succeeding sounds.
Rhyme - scheme - The pattern of rhymes in a stanza or poem. It is identified by the letters of the alphabet.
Internal Rhyme - Rhyme that occurs within a line.
End Rhyme - Ryhme that comes at the end of lines.
Repetition - In poetry, to occur over and over again.
Verse - One line opoetry.
Stanza - A grouping of the lines in a poem.
Refrain - A word, phrase, line or groups of lines repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza.