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Caring for children and young people

by Jasmine Evans

 What is in this booklet?

In this booklet you will find information on why some children and younger people may have to be removed and looked after by someone other than their families, you will also find possible places children and young people may end up going when they are removed from their familes.

 More reasons could be the child has significant health problems such as behavioural issues which make the child/young person hard to cope with meaning that the parent/s may ask for respite which is sort of like a brake its short term care for a week or so, another example would be if the child/young person has commited a criminal offence in which case will be separated from the parents and put into a juvinile center or detention center etc. 


But it does not always result in an court order some parents give their consent that their child should/needs to be looked after by someone other than them. 

If children do need to be removed then a court order is given which means that there is a legal agreement for that person to do or not to do something in this case if a child has to be removed from the parents a court order will be given as a legal direction issued by the court so that there is legal evidence that the child had to be taken from the family and looked after by someone else. 

Another reason for a child to be taken away from the family is if the parent is suspected to have neglected or abused the child/younger person then that individual will be taken away from their parents and put into a more suitable environment such as living with someone else , If the parent/s have mental health issues then  the child or young person can be taken away from them if that mental illness is effecting the daily life of the child/parent if the child has mental health issues and the parent is struggling to cope with the child/younger person then that could also result in the child being removed either for a short term or a long term period. 

Why would a child or a younger person be removed from their family?

There are a number of reasons that may cause a child/young person to be looked after by someone else rather than their family for example:


The parent could be ill or even in hospital which could result in the parent/s being unable to look after their child which could result in another family member looking after the child as the parent is unable to look after the child due to undergoing treatment or being in hospital most of the time. Another example could be if the parents are deceased meaning that they may have to go to another family member or into another form of care. 



Removing the child from the family is the last resort unless unless that child/young person is at risk in the family home however if there are no concerns/risks yet the family want the child to be removed then the family should be given the most support possible from key workers provide a vital role in these services, they provide the service users with informartion as well as informing other work collegues about vital information on the family and child in order to provide the best possible support. However if even after all of this support the child still is requested/needs to be removed then there are places that the child can go to wether it is temporary or perminant there are places that children and young people can go to. 

 Temporary care

Tempoary care is usually the first option where children are taken firstly temporary however it can become a perminant option, however a range of procedures and assessments have to be taken before the young indiviual or child is taken into perminant care. Children are put into perminant care if their life at home doesnt seem to be improving. there are many examples as to why a child/young person is taken into tempoary care for example there are places where parents can "have a break" this is known as respite.
Foster care is one example of tempoary care which usually starts off as short term care however it can become longer term in some circumstances for instance some will stay there until they are 18 (more so the older individuals) once they are 18 they can move and find their own place, foster carers are all regulated by the local authorities as well as private fostering organisations the foster carers need to be flexible with their time as there could be an emergency where they would have to take the child into their care as the parents can no longer have that child, foster carers have to pass tests and have to have their home inspected and they will ask people that you have had contact with what type of person you are and other personal questions. 

Respite care 

Respite care is again another short term option, it is usually planned out before hand and usually looks after children for a week or so this is so the parents/family members have a break usually offered to those who have children with learining difficulties or severe illnesses so that the family can take a break from that it is a sort of relife for the parents as well as the child because if there is stress at home then the child will also be stressed so taking a break now and then will and does bennifit the famiies who fall into this catergory, it is also very benifitial if the family have more than one child for example if one child is "difficult" to cope with or take somewhere then respit can look after the child who is difficult so that the child who doesnt have an illness/learning difficulties can also have some quality time with the parents. 




Residential care 

Residential care refers to organisations such as Rhyd y gors, places such as Rhyd y gors take young people and children in for a number of reasons for example emergency reasons such as the child is being abused at home or the child may have severe behavioural difficulties or even in some cases to distance children from bad role modles or even to make sure that the children are attending school.

Fun Facts:


Tracy beaker was set in a residential care home for children which they all refered to as the "dumping ground"  



The child is taken away from the family perminantly this is done if the biological parents have died or if the parents hand over the responcibility of the child when and if this happens there is a legal argreement that the child will lose conections with the birth family (if they are not deceased) and that the adopted family are legally responcible for that child/young person. 

Indipendant living 

Sometimes younger people (between ages 16 - 18 normaly) are given a living accomadation in places such as the  Foyer which transforms the lives of young people readying them for the real world there are individual rooms for each resident however they do share cooking and living arrangements there is also staff there at all times so there is no person left on their own as such as places such as the Foyer are staffed 24/7 all year. 

the paramount principle 

All of the services that were desgussed in the booklet can be provided by the government, local authorities. third parties, volantary, indipendant providers, charities such as NSPCC and barnardos and the paramoncy principle which is regardless of the child and what type of care is being provided for that child all of the previously desgussed should focus on the principe meaning that the childs wealfare is paramount. which is in the childrens act 1989. 


This act ensures that the child is always the number one priority no matter what the situation the childs wealfare is always paramount and this act ensures the child is to always come first.