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The Legislative Branch

The Senate introduces bills and resolutions, or considers legislation proposed by the house. To be a member you must be at least 30 years old, must be a citizen of the United States for at least 9 years. 

The house of representatives 

The Senate

The house of representatives has the power to initiate bills, to collect tax money, it also has the ability to impeach federal officials and has the duty to elect the president if there is a tie in the electoral college. To be a member of the house of representatives you must be at least 25 years old, you must have been a citizen of the United States for at least 7 years, and you must be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the state they represent.

Congress is divided into two chambers the Senate and the house of representatives.  The Senate gives small states equal representation, because the Senate is about representing the states. The House is about representing the people directly.

The Senate and the House of Representatives 

The legislative process

Laws begin as ideas. First, a representative sponsors a bill. The bill is then assigned to a committee for study. If released by the committee, the bill is put on a calendar to be voted on, debated or amended. If the bill passes by simple majority (218 of 435), the bill moves to the Senate. In the Senate, the bill is assigned to another committee and, if released, debated and voted on. Again, a simple majority (51 of 100) passes the bill. Finally, a conference committee made of House and Senate members works out any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill. The resulting bill returns to the House and Senate for final approval. The Government Printing Office prints the revised bill in a process called enrolling. The President has 10 days to sign or veto the enrolled bill.

Powers and limitations of the legislative branch

The main task of the legislative branch is to make the laws. Its' powers include passing laws, originating spending bills, impeach officials, and approving treaties. 

President pro tempore of the senate- Preside over the president in its absence, exercise the powers and duties of the president, assume other duties as assigned by president,


Speaker of the house- Preserve order in the chamber, appoint committee chairs and members, refers bills to committee sign legislation, writs and warrants.


Senate majority leader- Lead speaker during debates, develop calendars, assist the president or speaker with program development, policy information and policy decisions. 


Senate minority leader- Negotiating with majority party, directing minority caucus activities on the chamber floor and leading debate for the minority. 


Senate majority whip-  Ensure member attendance, count votes and generally communicate the majority position,


Senate minority whip- Count votes, ensure attendance of minority party members.  


House majority leader-  charged with scheduling legislation for floor consideration; planning the daily, weekly, and annual legislative agenda.


House minority leader- assisted in their role by one or more whips, whose job is to enforce party discipline on votes deemed to be crucial by the party leadership and to ensure that members do not vote against the position of the party leaders.


House majority whip- The duties of the majority whip are to assist the floor leader, to ensure member attendance, count votes and generally communicate the majority position.


House minority whip- The major responsibilities for the minority whip are to assist the minority leader on the floor, count votes and ensure attendance of minority party members

Congressional leadership positions

 A committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of the nation's military, including the Department of Defense, military research and development, nuclear energy.

Armed services 

is the committee of the United States House of Representatives that oversees the entire financial services industry, including the securities, insurance, banking, and housing industries.

Banking and financial service

Congressional committees


Joni Ernst (R)

Chuck Grassley (R)

House of representatives

Rod Blum (R–Dubuque)Republican

David Loebsack (D–Iowa City)Democratic

David Young (R–Van Meter)Republican

Steve King (R–Kiron)Republican

Iowa's legislative branch members

A bill I would like to see proposed in congress would have been " The Dream" again because I think that would help many people. Many more people would get the opportunity to go to college and do something better with their lives. People who are undocumented would support this, and I thinkpeople who were born here in the United States or people who are just racist are most likely to oppose to this. 

A bill that was not successful was "The Dream" Act that would provide a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants who were children when they migrated, provided their service in the military or go to college. 

A successful law recently passed by congress is the LGBT. I think it was good that it is now legal because there are many people who this benefits and can change their life. 

Bills and congress