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Trends in the Workplace




Lauren Skewes


Ontario's workforce has developed over the past 100 years. We had primary industries such as, agriculture, forestry and mining. After World War II, the secondary industry; manufacturing, had opened up pathways to new careers. Today's workforce now has, service industries and high technology manufacturing career paths.


In the recent decades, the variety of jobs available have changed. Occupations in primary industries toward a wide variety of professional, technical and service occupations have increased four times from 2004 to 2013.


The service industry has grown quickly, making up more than three quarters of all Ontario workers, educated in the sector.


There is a variety of services industries.

The four largest industries in this sector are:

->Wholesale and retail trade

->Health care and social assistance

->Professional scientific and technical services

->Educational services


These four provide 53% of all jobs in the service sector.

National Occupational Classification (NOC) is a classified system, that describes a variety of jobs and occupations, and the skills and education required to work in each. Some jobs are so new that they haven’t been inputted into the system yet. Those jobs require new skills, education level, and job titles.


Overtime, these new types  jobs are included in the NOC. Examples of new jobs added to the NOC would include: multimedia specialist, computer security specialist, direct broadcast satellite technician, and electronic commerce specialist.

The skills required for specific jobs do change over time, and are updated in the NOC. These are some old job titles, but with new skills since they change over time. An example of this would be, a computer programmer, since new product is put in stores, new skills would be required for different companies even if the layout or material for the computer parts are similar.


The Ontario government has identified a number of industry sectors, that are key to the provincial economy, including:

->Automotive manufacturing
->Clean Technologies
->Financial Services
->Information and Communications Technology
->Life Sciences
->Entertainment and Creative Cluster


These sectors employ people in many traditional occupations, although the duties and qualifications may change over time. They also employ people in emerging occupations, although in some cases the number of available jobs may be low. This would be changing for our new generation, as we would start to require a degree which affects our population by 24%. This generation is lacking the motivation to be involved in their future, which will be harder for students to be successful.

A high school education and post-secondary education and training are a necessity to a successful future.


As the world develops, there’s continuous learning throughout our lives to keep up to date with the current technology.


The skills required for most career pathways has increased over time. While there are still many low skill occupations, the basic skills required for occupations has increased.


With technology changing daily, companies are required to follow along, whether it be, by social media, online advertising, new marketing, or employees with standards. Large companies refuse to take in employees with not only low education background, but by appearance too, especially depending if the occupation requires social interaction with customers.