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The Scientific Revolution

By Kaz Espina 

Galileo Galilei


Galileo Galilei is a famous scientist in the Scientific Revolution and has a major role in the beginnings of astronomy. One of the ways he studies is by observing patterns in the stars and their cycles. He also studied using experiments where he would roll different sized and weighted balls down slopes to study physics and mass.

Galileo wrote notes about the sunspots that he has studied using his improvised telescope. This telescope helped all of his theories and facts of space and the cycle of venuses rotation.


¨You cannot teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself.
All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered; the point is to discover them.
I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use.¨


John Wallis


 John Wallis was an early mathematician who helped develop the growth of infinitesimal calculus where he created the infinity symbol that is used in math. He disagrees about the negative numbers but believes in a number going further than infinity. He also helped develop the number line which was greatly used in geometry creating lengths in numbers.

“Whereas Nature does not admit of more than three dimensions ... it may justly seem very improper to talk of a solid ... drawn into a fourth, fifth, sixth, or further dimension.” 
― John Wallis

Institutio Logic is a book that John Wallis made to create logic for the institute and intellectual parts of math. This book helped theorists and practitioners understand his philosophy.

Robert Hooke


Robert Hooke wanted to look at the most microscopic beings and our bodies. He was the first person to find cells in living tissues. He also studied combustion of air and how oxygen is needed for it.

Robert Hooke revised the telescope that was invented years ago and it allowed better focus and zoom which helped him find cells. This invention help advance the study of cells and tissues and the microscope evolved to be stronger from this point.

"With the help of microscopes, there is nothing so small, as to escape our inquiry; hence there is a new visible world discovered to the understanding."


-Robert Hooke


Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon believed in experimentism by focusing on the scientific method which helped him advance the future of science. He invented and accepted using the scientific method allowing him to work on an experiment more efficiently.

" pleasure is comparable to the standing upon the vantage ground of truth … and to see the errors … in the vale below:' so always that this prospect be with pity, and not with swelling or pride."

                                  -Francis Bacon


Scientific theory is what scientists use to test their experiments and hypothesis allowing them to find out every procedure that can happen.


Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton is a famous scientific revolutionist and he made the gravitational theory and also made the laws of motion. He used telescopes to look at the revolutions of planets and their moons showing that they revolve with an oval orbit. 

Isaac Newton invented the reflecting telescope which he used to capture and focus light to find the color specturm of light using a glass prism. 

"That the divided but contiguous particles of bodies may be separated from one another is a matter of observation; and, in the particles that remain undivided, our minds are able to distinguish yet lesser parts, as is mathematically demonstrated."

Isaac Newton