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Scientifice Revolution 

Nicolaus Copernicus

 Polish astronomer who put forth the theory that the Sun is at rest near the center of the Universe, and that the Earth, spinning on its axis once daily, revolves annually around the Sun.

To know that we know what we know, and to know that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge.



On the revolutions


Francis Bacon




Major Developments

Obviously Bacon was amajor factor in the development of European science

inductive approach, known as the scientific method, which is the foundation of modern scientific inquiry.


If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts he shall end in certainties


Robert Hooke



“By the help of microscopes, there is nothing so small, as to escape our inquiry; hence there is a new visible world discovered to the understanding.”

 biological evolution and was attributed with investigating the expansion of matter.

Perhaps his most famous observations were in his study of thin slices of cork, describing the pores, or "cells"


Major Developments


William Harvey

Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus



17th century physician who discovered circulation.

 the first person to correctly describe blood’s circulation in the body

Major developments

There is a lust in man no charm can tame: Of loudly publishing his neighbor's shame: On eagles wings immortal scandals fly, while virtuous actions are born and die.


John Napier

A Description of the Admirable Table of Logarithmes


Napier recognized the potential of the recent developments in mathematics, particularly those of prosthaphaeresis

Major development


Seeing there is nothing that is so troublesome to mathematical practice, nor that doth more molest and hinder calculators, than the multiplications, divisions, square and cubical extractions of great numbers … I began therefore to consider in my mind by what certain and ready art I might remove those hindrances