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I would like to dedicate this book to Isabella Vaughn. I know how much she loves Hippos. I chose this topic because it interested me the most out of all the endangered animals. I was originally just going to do endangered animals in general, but then I saw Pygmy Hippos and was suddenly very interested. I had no clue that Pygmy Hippos even existed I thought that it was only a common hippo, and I didn’t even know they were called a common hippo. What got me interested was the fact that they were a whole different species of hippos. I wanted to do this, and I learned so much.

Dedication and Introduction

  • Dedication/Introduction                                                   Page 2 
  • Chapter 1                                                                           Page 4 
  • Chapter 2                                                                            Page 8
  • Chapter 3                                                                         Page 13 
  • Glossary                                                                           Page 18
  • Bibliography                                                                    Page 19

Table of Contents

After they are born these adorable, chubby creatures lie tucked away for more than three weeks. Pygmy Hippopotamuses are already ten times their birth weight by the time they are five months old. There is no doubt that pygmy hippo they are unusual. The birth of a pygmy hippo is very interesting, the infant behavior of a pygmy hippo is engaging. Lastly their juvenile life is intriguing.


Chapter 1 

The birth of a baby Pygmy Hippopotamus is a very interesting topic. On the Hippopotamus Fact Sheet from the San Diego zoo library it says that the normal litter size is one baby every two years. It also states that having twins is rare. This means that for hippos having twins is very unusual and one calf is the normal amount. Baby pygmy hippos aren’t your average baby either. According to the San Diego zoo it says that the average pygmy hippos weighs 7.5 to 14 pounds at birth. Also the San Diego library it states that unlike a regular hippo (which is born in shallow water and on land mostly during October or April) pygmy hippos are born on land only and throughout the year. When they are born their hind legs come out first.

 Chapter 1

The infant behavior of a pygmy hippopotamus is an engaging subject. According to the San Diego Zoo Library fact sheet, it said that the infants can stay underwater for up to two minutes. That may not seem long, but it is. Also, the San Diego Zoo Library fact sheet it said that while mom forages for food the infant stays in the water. Mom returns periodically to let the baby suckle. What the fact sheet is saying is the pygmy mom hippo goes out and looks for food and the calf stays in the water. It as if you were left home alone. The fact sheet also states that the lactation of an infant pygmy hippopotamus lasts for a year. This means that the mom feeding the baby milk lasts for one year. According to the same source, grazing begins when the pygmy hippo is one-year-old. Grazing is when the animal is free eating or picking up little bits of food as it walks along.


Chapter 1

The juvenile life of a pygmy hippopotamus is an intriguing subject. The juvenile life is like it’s teenage years. According to the San Diego Zoo library until they are one they are still vulnerable to Nile Crocodile attacks. According to the same source, the teen pygmy hippos remain with their mom for several years. Like I stated (and stated on the website called ultimateungulate) before, the teens will lie concealed. Also according to a website called (and as I mentioned earlier) San Diego Zoo it said that at the age five months pygmy hippo are already ten times their weight.

Chapter 1

All in all, I would say that pygmy hippos are very interesting creatures throughout their lives. Pygmy hippos are very interesting at birth. The infant behavior of pygmy hippos is engaging. Lastly, the juvenile life of a pygmy hippo is intriguing. There is no doubt that pygmy hippos are adorable throughout their early lives.

Chapter 1

Did you know that according to a website called a-z animals the Pygmy Hippopotamus has always been fairly rare? I have a question for you; you would expect a Pygmy Hippo to live in a drier area right? But according to the Pygmy Hippo Foundation they mostly live in swampy areas. Where do Pygmy Hippos live? Why do they live there? Finally, what is their home range?



Chapter 2

Where do Pygmy Hippos live? Pygmy Hippos live in West Africa according to a website called the animal files. According to a website called a-z animals, it says that more specifically they live in Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire. As well as Sierra Leone and Guinea. They mostly live in forests and swamps according to EDGE: Mammal Species. According to a website called it said that pygmy hippos are always near rivers.

Sierra Leone

Chapter 2



Why do pygmy hippos live in swampy areas? According to a website call, it states that they live near the water to keep their skin wet. On the same site, it said that another reason they live near water is it cools their bodies down. Like when you go to the beach, and you go into the ocean to cool down. On the website the pygmy hippo foundation, it said that they feed on their surroundings. On another website called, it said that pygmy hippos eat ferns, tender roots, grasses, herbs, stems, leaves of young trees, vegetables, fallen fruit sweet potatoes, okra, pepper plants, cassava, and tender shoot of young rice.


Chapter 2

What is the home Range of a Pygmy Hippopotamus? According to the animal files females range from 40 to 60 hectares. This means that they travel between 40 to 60 hectares when they find a home. Males travel 165 hectares. Most of the time the home ranges of males and females overlap. To make it clear they are there, they mark their presence with dung.


Chapter 2

Did you know that there are only an estimated 2,000-3,000 pygmy hippos in the wild left according to the San Diego Zoo Library Factsheet? Compared to the pygmy hippo’s larger cousin the common hippo (125,000-148,000 left) that’s not that many. Pygmy hippos are endangered. Why are pygmy hippos endangered? The Wonegizi Project can attempt to save the pygmy hippos species. Lastly, the biggest threat against the pygmy hippo is people.



Chapter 3 

Question: Why are pygmy hippos endangered? Answer: There are sadly many reasons for this one of them being they are wanted for their tusks. According to the San Diego Zoo Library Factsheet, it said that pygmy hippo tusks are softer and easier to carve than elephants tusks. Another reason they are endangered is because of habitat destruction. This is when an animal’s habitat is being destroyed, and then they have nowhere to go. It states this in the pygmy hippo foundation’s website. Because of wars in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone pygmy hippos are in trouble. Also, even though pygmy hippos have very few predators are always a factor in being endangered. Pygmy hippo’s predators include leopards. While young calves are in danger of other Wildcats and large snakes like pythons.


Chapter 3

What is the Wonegizi Project? The Wonegizi project consists of four parts, and it is from the Save Our Species (SOS) site. They want to try to save the pygmy hippo. The first part is they have to gather existing documentation such as reports and surveys. They add that to the project’s outputs. They then form a management plan. They will do it with government forestry managers and the local community. After that, there is some co-management framework to be done. A committee and agreement will develop. This is to ensure the local people remain central to the management of the Wonegizi. Also to make sure they are part of the management plan and the design. The fourth and final part are they will undertake a capacity assessment. They are doing this to highlight the needs as well as develop opportunities to train going forward in their plan.


Chapter 3

A pygmy hippopotamus found by the Wongizi Project

What is a pygmy hippo’s biggest threat? Answer: People. People are killing pygmy hippos for their own gain such as food according to the San Diego Zoo Library Factsheet it said that pygmy hippos are hunted for meat. Also, according to the San Diego Zoo Library Factsheet, it said that their meat is sometimes used for fish bait. They are also killed because they destroy crops. Probably because the crops were in their habitat. There is also an increasing human population which means that more pygmy hippos will be hunted.


Chapter 3

In conclusion, Pygmy hippos are endangered for the following reasons: they are hunted for their tusks, habitat destruction, wars, and predators. The Wonegizi project will help to save pygmy hippos, and lastly, the biggest threat is people. Pygmy hippos are endangered. So please try to help them.

Chapter 3

Chapter 1

Forage- To look for something such as food

Grazing- To eat small amounts of food as you go

Juvenile- Like a human’s teenage years

Lactation- How long the baby drinks milk

Litter- The number of children an animal has

Periodically- To return after being away for short periods of time (i.e. returning every hour)

Suckle-To suck on a drink (i.e. milk)

Vulnerable- Being able to be hurt or when you can’t defend yourself


Chapter 2

Hectares- A unit of measurement

Home Range- An area where an animal lives

Presence- To be in a place with other people

Specifically- A precise amount

Surroundings- Something that is around you


Chapter 3

Capacity Assessment- The full amount of an estimate

Documentation- The use of existing documents

Estimated- An educated guess based on data

Habitat Destruction- The animal’s habitat being destroyed

Predators- The animal that hunts another animal

Wonegizi Project- A project that helps save endangered species


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