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Nullification Crisis, 

Bank War, & Second Party System:

Part One

By Amber Brumfield



This slight tariff/taxation was made by Henry Clay supporting the American System. The idea of the tariff was to tax on imports so that America would end up buying only American which would help the economy. The North and Middle states were for the tariff, as it helped them and used ideas of protectionism for American businesses.


Tariff of Abomination

The Tariff of Abomination was an increase in the tariff of 1824. The Southern states opposed this tariff because they had to start buying farming equipment from the northern states which was made with poorer quality. This also had the southerners upset because they believed they had no state or individual rights.


The South Carolina Exposition

South Carolina Exposition was a document by Vice President, John C. Calhoun, which explained the reason that Southern States opposed the Tariff of Abomination. Calhoun wrote in response and told about how the Tariff of Abomination was used for northern states and didn't support southern states.



This tariff of 1832 was issued in order to revoke and lighten the tariffs from 1824 and 1828. It was made so the southern states wouldn't be as mad and succeed.


South Carolina Nullification 

The South Carolina Nullification was an act by South Carolina's state congress due to the tariffs imposed in 1824, 1828, and 1832. South Carolina felt that it was unconstitutional for the government to use tariffs to support the American System when the money didn't go directly back into our banks. They also believed it didn't support the southern states and opposed state and individual rights. 


Jackson's Proclamation Against Nullification

President Jackson proclaimed that states did not have a choice to nullify government laws, in response to the South Carolina Nullification.


Hayne's Counter Proclamation

Hayne's counter proclamation was a proclamation in response to Jackson's Proclamation. Hayne's argues that it is within state rights to nullify a law made by the government.


Henry Clay's Tariff Compromise 

After South Carolina nullified the tariffs and Jackson started to issue the Force Bill, Henry Clay created a compromise for the southern states involved in the taxing from 1824, 1828, and 1832. This compromise was that southern states would pay small amounts of what taxes overall would have been. This eased tension between the state division and national government for about a decade.


Force Bill

Jackson sent for the Force Bill due to South Carolina's actions. South Carolina nullified the tariffs made by the congress and made claims that they would succeed from the union if they were forced to pay the taxes. Jackson issued the Force Bill shortly after these claims. The Force Bill would have given Jackson to move militia into South Carolina and force them to pay the taxes for the tariffs.


South Carolina Repeal of the Nullification

South Carolina agrees to the terms made in Clay's Compromise earlier in 1833. This repeal only suspends the nullification until it is needed again later on in history.

Nullification Crisis, 

Bank War, & Second Party System:

Part Two 

By Amber Brumfield


Biddle's Response

Biddle was panicked by Jackson's veto for the recharter of the Bank of the United States. Biddle wanted to strike back and show the BUS's importance so he tried to create a minor financial crisis but it ultimately failed.


Bank Recharter Bill

Once Jackson vetoed the Banks Recharter Bill, Bank of the United States President, Biddle and many Americans began to panic. Biddle brought in the BUS's loans to create a short term financial crisis that would show Jackson the worth of the BUS.



Due to President Jackson's veto for the Banks Recharter Bill many Americans believed that Jackson would not make it into the second election but Andrew Jackson won, with a large group of supporters behind him.


Jackson's Veto 

President Jackson vetoed the Bank Recharter Bill because he was against a national banking system. He believed that it was formed for destruction and it gave too much powers to investors. The bill was passed by congress but vetoed by him, even though it was constitutional. Many Americans split from Jackson's ideas at this point in time, creating the Whig party.


Jackson's Pet Banks 

In 1833, after he vetoed the recharter for the bank, Jackson gave money to enforce state (pet) banks. This was made in order to help paper currency and state banks but overall had the economy fall after a short period of time.


Jackson's Removal of Federal Deposits

In President Jackson's second term he removed the Federal Deposits and distributed to "pet" banks - state banks. This act caused almost all supporters in congress to loose trust in him as a president.


Speculative Boom 

The addition of "pet" banks, made by President Jackson, had lots of money circulating through America which hurt and depreciated its value.


Species Circular 

President Jackson issued an order that if people were to buy land they would have to use gold or silver. Jackson did this hoping to lessen the depreciation of money. The idea that the more money you have the less it was worth directly correlates to this order because it issued for less to be made so that the consumption of money would be smaller.



The Crash of 1837 was a financial crisis that spread all throughout the United States starting in 1837 that lasted into the 1840's. This crisis was caused by the deprecating value of money caused by Jackson, crop failure which would substantially upraise prices, and gambling in the western states.

Nullification Crisis, 

Bank War, & Second Party System:

Part Three

By Amber Brumfield

Whig Party

The Whig party first emerged in the 1830's and became rapidly popular. Whigs were made in opposition of President Jackson and his actions. 

-Supporter were usually northern businessmen

-Opposed President Jackson

-Wanted a strong national government 

-Fully supported the Bank of the United States

-Against Westward expansion efforts

*Candidates in 1836 - 

William Henry Harrison (VA), 73 Electoral Votes, 550816 Popular Votes

Hugh L. White (NC), 26 Electoral Votes, 146107 Popular Votes

Daniel Webster (NH), 14 Electoral Votes, 41201 Popular Votes

*Candidates in 1840 -

William Henry Harrison (OH), 234 Electoral Votes, 1275612 Popular Votes

Democratic Party

The Democrats believed that the states should have more power. They did not support a strong federal government and wanted more individual rights. A vast majority of the followers and activist in this party supported President Jackson. President was the first major party leader.

-Supported Mexican War

-Mainly farmers & southerners

-Against tariffs 

-Everyone can hold office

-Biggest in expanding territories

-Southerns were the main support system

*Candidate in 1836 -

Martin Van Buren (NY), 170 Electoral Votes, 764176 Popular Votes

*Candidate in 1840 -

Martin Van Buren (NY), 60 Electoral Votes, 1130033 Popular Votes