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Third Grade Parent Guide

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning write at home in third grade THIRD GRADE

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Third Grade 14 Reading Strategies 19 22 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of third grade in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in third grade reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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The NC standards are divided into 4 strands Reading o Foundational Skills K 5 o Reading Literature o Reading Informational Text Writing Speaking and Listening Language The NC Standard Course of Study has a new format that includes Standards with bolded terms Clarification of the standards with suggestions for instruction explanations and examples Glossary that defines the bolded terms from the Standards INTRODUCTION TO THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD COURSE OF STUDY FOR ELA In April 2017 the North Carolina State Board of Education adopted new ELA standards for grades K 12 The Standard Course of Study describes what students should know understand and be able to do by the end of each grade level How these standards are taught is decided at a district level The NC Standard Course of Study was developed based on feedback provided from the following Parents Community Members Business Industry Professionals Higher Education Faculty Educators teachers administrators curriculum specialists Example of the new format 02

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ELA Standards Expectations for Third Grade This section focuses on the key skills your child will learn throughout third grade which build a solid foundation for success in later grades The skills in each strand are broken down into topics If your child is meeting the expectations outlined here he or she will be well prepared for fourth grade The ELA Standards expectations for third grade include 03

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Reading Foundational Skills Handwriting Students create readable documents in manuscript and cursive Phonics and Word Recognition Students identify and understand words that have prefixes and suffixes such as ness ity and ship read multiple syllable words read third grade appropriate irregularly spelled words Fluency Students read and understand third grade level texts with accuracy appropriate rate and expression use context clues to recognize or self correct words re reading if needed 04

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Reading Literature Key Ideas and Evidence Students ask and answer questions about key details referring explicitly to the text recount fables folktales and myths from diverse cultures demonstrate understanding of the central message lesson or moral and explain how the key details convey it describe the characters and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in a text identify words that impact the meaning of the text refer to parts of stories dramas and poems such as chapter scene and stanza when writing and speaking about the text describe how each part of a story drama or poem builds on earlier parts tell the difference between their point of view and the point of view of the narrator and or characters 05

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Reading Literature Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students explain how illustrations contribute to what is conveyed by the words in story compare and contrast the themes settings and plots of stories by the same author about the same or similar characters such as books in a series Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for third grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 06

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Reading Informational Key Ideas and Evidence Students ask and answer questions about key details referring explicitly to the text determine the main idea of a text recount the key details in a text and how those key details support the main idea describe the relationship between a series of historical events scientific ideas or concepts or steps in a technical procedure in a text thinking particularly about time sequence and cause effect Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in texts on third grade topics use text features and search tools to find relevant information on a topic tell the difference between their point of view and the point of view of the author 07

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Reading Informational Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students use the illustrations and words to understand the text describe how the author connects ideas between sentences and paragraphs to support specific points compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for third grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 08

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing Students organize information and ideas based on a topic to plan and prepare to write write opinion pieces that introduce the topic or book they are writing about state an opinion supply reasons for that opinion in an organized structure use linking words provide a concluding statement write informative pieces that introduce a topic group related information together using illustrations when needed use facts definitions and details to develop the topic use linking words and phrases provide a concluding statement 09

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing con t Students write narrative pieces develop real or imagined events introduce the characters narrator organize the sequence of events use dialogue and descriptions of actions thoughts feelings use words that signal order provide a sense of closure revise and edit based on peer and adult feedback with guidance and support use digital tools to produce and publish their writing with guidance and support use digital tools to collaborate and interact with others with guidance and support Research Students conduct short research projects gather information from sources and recall information from personal experiences take brief notes on the gathered information and sort into categories 10

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Speaking and Listening Collaboration and Communication Students follow predetermined rules to discuss grade level texts and topics come prepared for discussions by having read or studied the material ask questions keep their comments on topic and link their comments to others during discussions determine the main ideas and supporting details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through digital media ask and answer questions about a speaker s presentation Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Students use appropriate facts and relevant descriptive details when reporting on a topic or text tell a story or recount a personal experience speak clearly in complete sentences and at a reasonable pace create audio recordings of stories and poems that demonstrate steady reading add pictures or other visual representations to enhance or emphasize certain facts or details 11

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning write at home in third grade THIRD GRADE

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Language Language Standards 1 and 2 include two continuums one for grammar and one for conventions The skills within each continuum are arranged by grade band rather than by individual grades so you will notice that your child will be working with the same skills in multiple grades but the activities and texts will become more complex In the lower grade of the band the teacher is introducing and modeling the skill In the higher grade of the band students are applying the skill to more complex text as they work toward mastery Portion of the continuum for Language Standard 1 13

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Reading Strategies Reading outside of school provides the additional support and encouragement that allows students to create a deep passion for reading to deepen their comprehension skills and to build a broad vocabulary knowledge Reading strategies can be developed and used before during and after reading takes place These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in third grade Activities to do at home Provide a time and space for your child to read every day Find small and simple poems Read them together and talk about the feelings they convey Try making up your own poems together about objects people you know or anything you like Read to your child or have your child read to you every day Reading aloud to children of all ages provides opportunities to discuss more challenging and complex plots and themes which builds critical thinking skills As your child learns to read new words and understand the meaning of those words help him her keep track of them in his her own dictionary Your child can write them down draw pictures to illustrate the words or the definitions or write sentences with the words 14

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Reading Strategies Discuss any confusing parts elements or information in the book chapter or passage Start a family book club Let different members of the family pick the book This could be a good way to enjoy quality family time while experiencing the joy of reading together Ask your child to retell what he she read in his her own words Ask your child to summarize what he she read and tell what he she learned from what was read This could be connected to something in real life another reading or to events happening in the world Visit the local library and make reading fun for the entire family Give your child opportunities to participate in new experiences Visit museums the zoo theaters historical sites aquariums etc to help build your child s vocabulary and speaking skills Find a series that interests your child and begin to read it together You can read to your child your child can read to you and he she can read a chapter independently You and your child can interview each other as you read ask about main ideas events and thoughts you each have about the books and characters 15

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning write at home in third grade THIRD GRADE

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Reading Strategies Talk about current events together Discuss with your child so he she understands what is happening and how it connects to him her other events that he she may have seen or read about and other areas of the community Use magnetic letters letter tiles or cards from games to create both real and silly words Practice building longer words by putting together shorter words and sounds After your child reads a story make up your own version changing details such as setting time or even the ending You can change the story so it occurs in places or with characters you know This helps your child understand story structure and make comparisons Alternatively make up your own version of a fairy tale or known story Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads o Who was this about o What were the main ideas topics o Where did this take place o Retell the story in sequential order o What is the lesson moral How do you know o Which of these details is really important to the story How do you know o How did the characters actions help move the story along o How are ________ and _______ related 17

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads con t o What do you think the author is trying to say when he she uses the word phrase ____ o What clues can you find in the sentence or paragraph that help you figure out the meaning of _______ o How does what the author said in an earlier paragraph help us understand what is happening now o Who is telling the story in this section How do you know o What clues do the illustrations in the story provide to help you understand the plot or setting or characters of the story o How are these two stories different Similar o Summarize the text o What details explain or support the main idea o What does the word ______ mean in this sentence o What did you do to help you figure out an unknown word o Do you agree or disagree with what the author has said so far o What information did you get from the map chart photo o How was this text written sequence comparison cause effect etc o What details does the author use to support his her point o What is the root word in ______ 18

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Writing Strategies Writing to express opinions provide information and or create a story goes far beyond letter formation and spelling rules In school students are learning the writing process Out of school help is needed to reinforce encourage and support students in their writing process Writing out of school provides a connection between writing and everyday experiences These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in third grade Activities to do at home Help your child organize his her thoughts by planning what he she wants to write Using sticky notes or a graphic organizer will provide a visual way to accomplish this Discuss family stories and history Encourage your child to ask questions Work together with your child to create a book magazine poem short story newspaper article pamphlet or other written narrative of your family s history Encourage and help your child to write a letter birthday card get well card thinking of you card or thank you note to family members or friends Help your child create a poster collage pictograph or infographic about something your child or your family learned or experienced recently 19

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Writing Strategies Encourage your child to draw and or write his her own version of a favorite story Or encourage your child to create or write a next chapter or page for his her favorite book When your child asks a question research the answer together using books or computers under your supervision Then create an informative poster or collage which tells the question the answer and uses both texts and illustrations to show what they learned Encourage your child to find a picture from a newspaper or magazine cut it out paste it on paper and write a story about it Help your child choose something that he she wants to do or learn to do Work with your child to research information related to the topic chosen Ask your child to create a brochure flyer or How To manual or guide describing explaining the topic or how to do something Then together you and your child can follow the guide to do or learn to do the chosen topic During a family event take a photograph After the family event ask your child to write a brief summary to go along with the photograph and send the photograph and your child s summary to the local newspaper to be printed with community events 20

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Writing Strategies Keep a family journal of trips weekends and special times spent together Your child can both write and illustrate the journal Pick a favorite entry from the journal and use it to expand your child s writing You and your child can write a longer piece or story about that event and illustrate it with photographs or drawings Under your supervision begin to help your child use a computer to research a topic or communicate with friends and family Your child can also use the computer to write his her own pieces or pieces you write together 21

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning write at home in third grade THIRD GRADE