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Seventh Grade Parent Guide

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning write at home in seventh grade SEVENTH GRADE

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Seventh Grade 16 Reading Strategies 22 25 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of seventh grade in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in seventh grade reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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The NC standards are divided into 4 strands Reading o Foundational Skills K 5 o Reading Literature o Reading Informational Text Writing Speaking and Listening Language The NC Standard Course of Study has a new format that includes Standards with bolded terms Clarification of the standards with suggestions for instruction explanations and examples Glossary that defines the bolded terms from the Standards INTRODUCTION TO THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD COURSE OF STUDY FOR ELA In April 2017 the North Carolina State Board of Education adopted new ELA standards for grades K 12 The Standard Course of Study describes what students should know understand and be able to do by the end of each grade level How these standards are taught is decided at a district level The NC Standard Course of Study was developed based on feedback provided from the following Parents Community Members Business Industry Professionals Higher Education Faculty Educators teachers administrators curriculum specialists Example of the new format 02

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ELA Standards Expectations for Seventh Grade This section focuses on the key skills your child will learn throughout seventh grade which build a solid foundation for success in later grades The skills in each strand are broken down into topics If your child is meeting the expectations outlined here he or she will be well prepared for eighth grade The ELA Standards expectations for seventh grade include 03

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Reading Literature Key Ideas and Evidence Students cite several pieces of evidence from the text to support analysis of what the text says cite several pieces of evidence from the text when making inferences determine the theme and analyze how it is developed provide an objective summary of the text analyze how elements setting character plot of a text interact Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in a text analyze how specific rhymes and repetitions impact the meaning and tone of the text analyze how a text s form or structure contributes to its meaning analyze how an author develops and contrasts different perspectives 04

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Reading Literature Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students compare and contrast a written story to an audio video or live version of the same story compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time place or character with an historical account Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for seventh grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 05

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning write at home in seventh grade SEVENTH GRADE

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Reading Informational Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students compare and contrast a text to the audio video or live version of the text trace and evaluate the argument and claims in a text tell if the claims are sound and if the evidence is relevant and sufficient analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic present ideas information and evidence Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for seventh grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 07

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing Students organize information and ideas based on a topic to plan and prepare to write write argument pieces that clearly introduces the claim acknowledge opposing claims support the claim with organized clear logical and relevant reasons evidence use credible sources use words that create cohesion use words that clarify the relationship between the claim and reasons maintain a formal style provide a concluding statement 08

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing con t Students write informative pieces that clearly introduce a topic organize ideas concepts and information by using definitions classifications comparisons and causes effects use relevant facts definitions concrete details examples and quotations to develop the topic use appropriate transitions to clarify relationships and create cohesion use precise language and vocabulary maintain a formal style provide a concluding statement 09

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing con t Students write narrative pieces that develop real or imagined events establish context and point of view introduce the characters narrator organize the sequence of events use dialogue descriptions pacing and reflection to develop events and or characters use words that help sequence the events show relationships and or signal a shift in time use precise words phrases use descriptive details and sensory details to convey experiences provide a conclusion revise and edit based on peer and adult feedback with some guidance and support use digital tools to produce and publish their writing use digital tools to link to cite sources as well as collaborate and interact with others 10

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Writing Research Students conduct short research projects to answer a question using several sources and to generate questions for further research gather information from multiple print and digital sources use search terms assess the credibility of sources quote or paraphrase information from the sources avoiding plagiarism provide citations 11

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Speaking and Listening Collaboration and Communication Students follow predetermined rules to discuss grade level texts and topics track progress towards specific goals deadlines and define individual roles for discussions come prepared for discussions by having read or studied the material refer to the text and or studied material when discussing the topic ask and answer questions comment with relevant observations and ideas acknowledge new information and adjust their views when applicable analyze the main ideas and supporting details presented in different formats and explain how they clarify the studied topic or text delineate a speaker s argument and specific claims evaluate the soundness relevancy and sufficiency of evidence 12

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Speaking and Listening Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Students present claims and findings in a focused manner use appropriate and relevant descriptions facts details and examples adjust their speech based on the context and task include multimedia components and visuals in presentations to clarify claims 13

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Language Conventions of Standard English Students demonstrate understanding of progressively more difficult standard grammar rules and parts of speech expanding on their previous work with nouns verbs adjectives conjunctions prepositions etc produce complete sentences and questions as well as use conventions such as punctuation and spelling Knowledge of Language Students choose words that express ideas precisely and concisely Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Students determine the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words in seventh grade level books using context clues word parts reference materials and noting how words are related interpret figures of speech found in a text distinguish the connotations of words with similar denotations such as refined respectful polite use grade appropriate words and phrases 14

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Language Language Standards 1 and 2 include two continuums one for grammar and one for conventions The skills within each continuum are arranged by grade band rather than by individual grades so you will notice that your child will be working with the same skills in multiple grades but the activities and texts will become more complex In the lower grade of the band the teacher is introducing and modeling the skill In the higher grades of the band students are applying the skill to more complex text as they work toward mastery Students practice each skill and apply what they have learned to their writing Portion of the continuum for Language Standard 1 15

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Reading Strategies Reading outside of school provides the additional support and encouragement that allows students to create a deep passion for reading to deepen their comprehension skills and to build a broad vocabulary knowledge Reading strategies can be developed and used before during and after reading takes place These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in seventh grade Activities to do at home Provide a time and space for your child to read every day Read about an event you and your child attended or write your own accounts of an event you shared Read the two pieces and then compare the differences between them like the perspectives from which they were written Read to your child or have your child read to you every day Reading aloud to children of all ages provides opportunities to discuss more challenging and complex plots and themes which builds critical thinking skills If students are auditory learners listening to audiobooks helps many students to comprehend and interact with the text Various websites have collections of audiobooks that students can use Public libraries also have collections of audiobooks students may checkout online or at a physical location 16

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Reading Strategies Slowly and deliberately read and then re read complex texts Start a family book club Let different members of the family pick the book This could be a good way to enjoy quality family time while experiencing the joy of reading together Make a short video book review of a book being read Ask your child to summarize what he she read and tell what he she learned from what was read This could be connected to something in real life another reading or to events happening in the world Talk about current events together Discuss with your child so he she understands what is happening and how it connects to him her other events that he she may have seen or read about and other areas of the community Read the same book as your child independently together or a combination of both Talk about the books as you read them reviewing main ideas and plots and expressing your opinions on the book Then read an additional book or books on the same subject and compare and contrast how the books both dealt with the same issue For example read two fiction books about family or two different texts about the same historical event or non fiction topic 17

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Reading Strategies Find a series that interests your child and begin to read it together You can read to your child your child can read to you and he she can read a chapter independently You and your child can interview each other as you read ask about main ideas events and thoughts you each have about the books and characters Visit the local library and make reading fun for the entire family Give your child opportunities to participate in new experiences Visit museums the zoo theaters historical sites aquariums etc to help build your child s vocabulary and speaking skills Consult paraphrased translated versions of complex texts Students can find the original text and a corresponding modern translation online and in print This will help students understand and appreciate the language and comprehend the plot characters and themes Read books magazines for enjoyment outside of class Regular trips to the library for books not computer time will encourage students to read which will strengthen their comprehension skills 18

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Reading Strategies Students can annotate the actual text by jotting information in the margins if they have their own copies of the text or take notes on another sheet of paper When annotating students may note the following A brief summary for each chapter or page to verify comprehension Questions about events characters and parts of the text the student did not understand Quotes that are important to the text or confusing Literary techniques that appear to recur in the text Predictions about what will happen in the text Opinions about characters their choices or other events in the text Connections to current events other texts movies songs Students may develop graphic organizers themselves or receive them from teachers Important information to include in the graphic organizers sections for setting characters plot summary and questions Students may use graphic organizers such as Cornell Notes webs circles or squares of information or just a bulleted list of notes Graphic organizers help students organize their thinking Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads o Why did the author write this o What textual evidence did you find to support your analysis of the text 19

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads con t o What can you infer from what you have read so far o What is the theme of the story What details help you understand the theme o How does the plot unfold o Describe the problem How was it solved o What do you think the author is trying to say when he she uses the word phrase ____ o What clues can you find in the sentence or paragraph that help you figure out the meaning of _______ o What perspective does each character have o How does the book compare to the audio or video version o How does the author s portrayal of the character compare to historical accounts o What genres do you like to read Why o Who is your favorite author Why o Summarize the text o What evidence from the text explains or supports the inference you made o What is the central idea of the text 20

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads con t o What text features are in this book o What is the author s point of view or purpose How do you know o What does the word ______ mean in this sentence o What did you do to help you figure out an unknown word o How does the author develop his her argument What reasons support that argument o What strategies can you use when you don t understand the text 21

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning write at home in seventh grade SEVENTH GRADE

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Seventh Grade 16 Reading Strategies 22 25 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Writing Strategies Help your child choose something that he she wants to do or learn to do Work with your child to research information related to the topic chosen Ask your child to create a brochure flyer or How To manual or guide describing explaining the topic or how to do something Then together you and your child can follow the guide to do or learn to do the chosen topic Urge your child to use logical arguments to defend his her opinion If your child wants a raise in allowance ask him her to research and then based on that research explain reasons why he she should have a raise in allowance Under your supervision begin to help your child use a computer to research a topic or communicate with friends and family Your child can also use the computer to write his own pieces or pieces you write together 24