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Ninth Grade Parent Guide

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in ninth grade NINTH GRADE write at home

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Ninth Grade 16 Reading Strategies 21 24 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of ninth grade in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in ninth grade reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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The NC standards are divided into 4 strands Reading o Foundational Skills K 5 o Reading Literature o Reading Informational Text Writing Speaking and Listening Language The NC Standard Course of Study has a new format that includes Standards with bolded terms Clarification of the standards with suggestions for instruction explanations and examples Glossary that defines the bolded terms from the Standards INTRODUCTION TO THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD COURSE OF STUDY FOR ELA In April 2017 the North Carolina State Board of Education adopted new ELA standards for grades K 12 The Standard Course of Study describes what students should know understand and be able to do by the end of each grade level How these standards are taught is decided at a district level The NC Standard Course of Study was developed based on feedback provided from the following Parents Community Members Business Industry Professionals Higher Education Faculty Educators teachers administrators curriculum specialists Example of the new format 02

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in ninth grade NINTH GRADE write at home

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Reading Literature Key Ideas and Evidence Students cite strong and thorough evidence from the text that supports their analyses of what the text says cite strong and thorough evidence from the text that supports their inferences determine the theme and analyze how it is shaped and refined provide an objective summary of the text analyze how complex characters develop interact with other characters advance the plot and develop the theme Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in a text analyze how overall word choices impact the meaning and tone of the text analyze how the author deliberately structures a text orders events and manipulates time to create effects such as mystery tension surprise analyze a particular perspective or cultural experience in a text from outside of the US 04

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Reading Literature Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students analyze the representation of a subject or key scene in two different artistic mediums analyze how an author adopts or adapts sources Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for ninth grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 05

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Reading Informational Key Ideas and Evidence Students cite strong and thorough evidence from the text that supports their analyses of what the text says cite strong and thorough evidence from the text that supports their inferences determine the central idea and analyze how it is developed provide an objective summary of the text analyze how an author explains an analysis or series of ideas events Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in a text analyze how overall word choices impact the meaning and tone of the text analyze how an author s ideas or claims are developed by particular sentences paragraphs and larger portions of text determine an author s point of view or purpose analyze how the author uses rhetoric to advance the point of view or purpose 06

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Reading Informational Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums delineate and evaluate the argument and claims in a text tell if the claims and evidence are relevant valid and sufficient recognize false statements and deceptive reasoning analyze influential documents of literary and historical significance Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for ninth grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 07

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing Students organize information and ideas based on a topic to plan and prepare to write write argument pieces that introduce precise claims distinguish opposing claims create an organization that develops relationships among claims counterclaims reasons and evidence develop the claims and counterclaims fairly supply evidence for both use words that link major sections and create cohesion use words that clarify the relationship between the claim reasons and counterclaims maintain a formal style and objective tone provide a concluding statement 08

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing con t Students write informative pieces that clearly introduce a topic organize complex ideas concepts and information to make important connections and distinctions use relevant facts definitions concrete details examples and quotations to develop the topic use appropriate transitions to clarify relationships link major sections and create cohesion use precise language and vocabulary maintain a formal style and objective tone provide a concluding statement 09

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing con t Students write narrative pieces that develop real or imagined events establish context by setting out the problem situation or observation establish one of more points of view introduce the characters narrator create a smooth progression of events use dialogue descriptions pacing reflection and multiple plot lines to develop events and or characters sequence events to build a coherent whole use precise words phrases use descriptive details and sensory details to convey experiences provide a conclusion revise edit and rewrite based on peer and adult feedback use digital tools to produce publish and update their writing use digital tools to link to and display information 10

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Writing Research Students conduct short and sustained research projects using several sources to answer a question including questions they choose or to solve a problem gather and combine information from multiple print and digital sources use advanced searches assess the usefulness of the sources integrate learned information seamlessly avoiding plagiarism provide citations 11

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Speaking and Listening Collaboration and Communication Students work with peers to set rules to discuss grade level texts and topics set specific goals deadlines and individual roles for discussions come prepared for discussions by having read or studied the material refer to the text and or studied material when discussing the topic ask and answer questions that connect to others ideas add comments that add to a broader theme or idea actively involve others in the discussions clarify verify or challenge ideas thoughtfully respond to various perspectives as well as summarize points of agreement and disagreement justify their own views in light of evidence and reasoning presented integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media and formats evaluate a speaker s point of view reasoning use of evidence and rhetoric recognize a speaker s false statements and deceptive reasoning 12

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Speaking and Listening Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Students present information findings and supporting evidence in a clear concise and logical manner develop an organization and style that is based on the purpose audience and task use digital media in presentations to enhance findings reasoning and evidence and add interest 13

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Language Conventions of Standard English Students demonstrate understanding of standard grammar rules and parts of speech demonstrate understanding of conventions of standard English capitalization punctuation and spelling when writing Knowledge of Language Students apply knowledge of language to different contexts use guidelines found in a style manual when writing and editing work use parallel structure Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Students determine the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words in ninth grade level books using context clues word parts reference materials and noting how words are related interpret and analyze the role of figures of speech found in a text analyze nuances in the meaning of words with similar denotations 14 use grade appropriate words and phrases

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Language Language Standards 1 and 2 include two continuums one for grammar and one for conventions In grades 9 12 students apply grammar and usage skills with increasing sophistication and effect to create a unique style and voice In the classroom skills taught in previous grades will be reinforced and expanded as needed While the skills on the continuums are not introduced in grades 9 12 students are expected to continue applying these skills to more complex text Portion of the continuum for Language Standard 1 15

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Reading Strategies Reading outside of school provides the additional support and encouragement that allows students to create a deep passion for reading to deepen their comprehension skills and to build a broad vocabulary knowledge Reading strategies can be developed and used before during and after reading takes place These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in ninth grade Activities to do at home Provide a time and space for your child to read every day Read about an event you and your child attended or write your own accounts of an event you shared Read the two pieces and then compare the differences between them like the perspectives from which they were written Read to your child or have your child read to you every day Reading aloud to children of all ages provides opportunities to discuss more challenging and complex plots and themes which builds critical thinking skills If students are auditory learners listening to audiobooks helps many students to comprehend and interact with the text Various websites have collections of audiobooks that students can use Public libraries also have collections of audiobooks students may checkout online or at a location 16

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Reading Strategies Slowly and deliberately read and then re read complex texts Start a family book club Let different members of the family pick the book This could be a good way to enjoy quality family time while experiencing the joy of reading together Make a short video book review of a book being read Ask your child to summarize what he she read and tell what he she learned from what was read This could be connected to something in real life another reading or to events happening in the world Talk about current events together Discuss with your child so he she understands what is happening and how it connects to him her other events that he she may have seen or read about and other areas of the community Read the same book as your child independently together or a combination of both Talk about the books as you read them reviewing central ideas and plots and expressing your opinions on the book Then read an additional book or books on the same subject and compare and contrast how the books both dealt with the same issue For example read two fiction books about family or two different texts about the same historical event or non fiction topic Visit the local library and make reading fun for the entire family 17

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Reading Strategies Find a series that interests your child and begin to read it together You can read to your child your child can read to you and he she can read a chapter independently You and your child can interview each other as you read ask about central ideas events and thoughts you each have about the books and characters Give your child opportunities to participate in new experiences Visit museums the zoo theaters historical sites aquariums etc to help build your child s vocabulary and speaking skills Consult paraphrased translated versions of complex texts Students can find the original text and a corresponding modern translation online and in print This will help students understand and appreciate the language and comprehend the plot characters and themes Read books magazines for enjoyment outside of class Regular trips to the library for books not computer time will encourage students to read which will strengthen their comprehension skills Students may develop graphic organizers themselves or receive them from teachers Important information to include in the graphic organizers sections for setting characters plot summary and questions Students may use graphic organizers such as Cornell Notes webs circles or squares of information or just a bulleted list of notes 18

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Reading Strategies Students can annotate the actual text by jotting information in the margins if they have their own copies of the text or take notes on another sheet of paper When annotating students may note the following A brief summary for each chapter or page to verify comprehension Questions about events characters and parts of the text the student did not understand Quotes and words that are important to the text or confusing Literary techniques that appear to recur in the text Predictions about what will happen in the text Opinions about characters their choices or other events in the text Connections to current events other texts movies songs Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads o Why did the author write this o What textual evidence most strongly supports your analysis of the text o What can you infer from what you have read so far o What is the theme of the story What details help you understand the theme How does the theme change throughout the text o How does the plot unfold o How do the characters interact with each other o Describe the problem How was it solved 19

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads con t o What do you think the author is trying to say when he she uses the word phrase ____ o What clues can you find in the sentence or paragraph that help you figure out the meaning of _______ o How does the structure of the text contribute to its meaning o What perspective is presented o How does the author depict the main character o What genres do you like to read Why o Who is your favorite author Why o Summarize the text o What evidence from the text explains or supports the inference you made o What is the central idea of the text How is it developed o What claim is presented in this section of the text o What argument is presented What claims support that argument o What is the significance of this text o What does the word ______ mean in this sentence o What did you do to help you figure out an unknown word o What strategies can you use when you don t understand the text 20

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in ninth grade NINTH GRADE write at home

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in ninth grade NINTH GRADE write at home

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Writing Strategies Help your child choose something that he she wants to do or learn to do Work with your child to research information related to the topic chosen Ask your child to create a brochure flyer or How To manual or guide describing explaining the topic or how to do something Then together you and your child can follow the guide to do or learn to do the chosen topic Urge your child to use logical arguments to defend his her opinion If your child wants a raise in allowance or curfew extension ask him her to research and then based on that research explain reasons why he she should have a raise in allowance or curfew extension Under your supervision begin to help your child use a computer to research a topic or communicate with friends and family Your child can also use the computer to write his her own pieces or pieces you write together 23