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K Parent Guide

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in write at home kindergarten KINDERGARTEN

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Kindergarten 14 Reading Strategies 18 21 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of kindergarten in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in kindergarten reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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The NC standards are divided into 4 strands Reading o Foundational Skills K 5 o Reading Literature o Reading Informational Text Writing Speaking and Listening Language The NC Standard Course of Study has a new format that includes Standards with bolded terms Clarification of the standards with suggestions for instruction explanations and examples Glossary that defines the bolded terms from the Standards INTRODUCTION TO THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD COURSE OF STUDY FOR ELA In April 2017 the North Carolina State Board of Education adopted new ELA standards for grades K 12 The Standard Course of Study describes what students should know understand and be able to do by the end of each grade level How these standards are taught is decided at a district level The NC Standard Course of Study was developed based on feedback provided from the following Parents Community Members Business Industry Professionals Higher Education Faculty Educators teachers administrators curriculum specialists Example of the new format 02

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ELA Standards Expectations for Kindergarten This section focuses on the key skills your child will learn throughout kindergarten which build a solid foundation for success in later grades The skills in each strand are broken down into topics If your child is meeting the expectations outlined here he or she will be well prepared for first grade The ELA Standards expectations for kindergarten include 03

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Reading Foundational Skills Print Concepts Students recognize the basic features of text which includes following words from left to right top to bottom and page to page recognize that words are represented by letters and separated by spaces recognize and name all letters of the alphabet Handwriting Students print upper and lower case letters Phonological Awareness Students recognize and produce rhyming words work with syllables and pronounce blend and segment the sounds of simple words change simple words into new words by adjusting individual sounds All of these skills are done orally 04

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Reading Foundational Skills Phonics and Word Recognition Students produce the sounds of consonants recognize long and short sounds of the five major vowels read common high frequency words tell the difference between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that make them different Fluency Students read emergent level books with purpose and understanding 05

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Reading Literature Key Ideas and Evidence Students ask and answer questions about a text retell stories with details identify characters settings and major events in a story Students receive prompting and support from an adult Craft and Structure Students ask and answer questions about words related to feelings and senses with prompting and support recognize common types of texts define the role of the author and illustrator in telling a story with prompting and support 06

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Reading Literature Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students describe how the words and illustrations work together to tell a story compare and contrast adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories Students receive prompting and support from an adult Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students understand and participate in group or class reading activities 07

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Reading Informational Key Ideas and Evidence Students ask and answer questions about a text identify the main topic and retell keys details in a text describe the connection between two individuals events ideas or pieces of information in a text Students receive prompting and support from an adult Craft and Structure Students ask and answer questions about words with prompting and support identify the front cover back cover and title page of a book define the role of the author and illustrator in presenting information in a text with prompting and support 08

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Reading Informational Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students describe how the words and illustrations work together to provide information identify the similarities and differences in two texts on the same topic Students receive prompting and support from an adult Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students understand and participate in group or class reading activities 09

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing Students use drawings dictations and writing to express opinions write information or explanations or narrate an event add details to strengthen their composition with guidance and support explore digital tools to produce and publish their writing as a whole class or small group Research Students participate in group investigations of grade appropriate topics as well as writing projects gather information from provided sources and recall information from personal experiences to answer a question with guidance and support 10

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Speaking and Listening Collaboration and Communication Students follow established rules for talking with others understand how to take turns allowing everyone to speak ask and answer questions about key details of information presented or read to them ask and answer questions when they are confused need clarification or need help Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Students speak clearly audibly and in an organized manner to express their ideas add pictures or other visual representations to clarify their thoughts or to provide additional detail 11

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Language Conventions of Standard English Students demonstrate a basic understanding of standard grammar rules and learn parts of speech such as nouns verbs adjectives conjunctions etc produce simple sentences and questions as well as use conventions such as basic capitalization punctuation and spelling Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Students determine the meaning of unknown words in kindergarten level books by using context clues word parts and noting how words are related sort common objects into categories develop an understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites act out the meanings of similar verbs such as walk march strut use words phrases learned through conversations reading being read to and talking about texts 12

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Language Language Standards 1 and 2 include two continuums one for grammar and one for conventions The skills within each continuum are arranged by grade band rather than by individual grades so you will notice that your child will be working with the same skills in multiple grades but the activities and texts will become more complex In the lower grade of the band the teacher is introducing and modeling the skill In the higher grade of the band students are applying the skill to more complex text as they work toward mastery Portion of the continuum for Language Standard 1 13

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Reading Strategies Reading outside of school provides the additional support and encouragement that allows students to create a deep passion for reading to deepen their comprehension skills and to build a broad vocabulary knowledge Reading strategies can be developed and used before during and after reading takes place These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in kindergarten Activities to do at home Provide a time and space for your child to read every day Play word games like I Spy sing songs like Itsy Bitsy Spider and make silly rhymes together Read to your child or have your child read to you every day Reading aloud to children of all ages provides opportunities to discuss more challenging and complex plots and themes which builds critical thinking skills Discuss vocabulary found in texts Discuss any confusing parts elements or information in the book chapter or passage Help your child visualize or have a mental picture of what he she is reading 14

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in write at home kindergarten KINDERGARTEN

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Kindergarten 14 Reading Strategies 18 21 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of kindergarten in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in kindergarten reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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Writing Strategies Writing to express opinions provide information and or create a story goes far beyond letter formation and spelling rules In school students are learning the writing process Out of school help is needed to reinforce encourage and support students in their writing processes Writing out of school provides a connection between writing and everyday experiences These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in kindergarten Activities to do at home Help your child organize his her thoughts by planning what he she wants to write Using sticky notes or a graphic organizer will provide a visual way to accomplish this Discuss family stories and history Encourage your child to ask questions Work together with your child to create a book magazine poem short story newspaper article pamphlet or other written narrative of your family s history Encourage and help your child to write a letter birthday card get well card thinking of you card or thank you note to family members or friends Help your child create a poster collage pictograph or infographic about something your child or your family learned or experienced recently 18

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Writing Strategies Encourage your child to draw and or write his her own version of a favorite story Or encourage your child to create or write a next chapter or page for his her favorite book Find out what your child s interests are Encourage him her to pick an interest to research with your support Then he she can create a picture book or other form of written presentation about the topic of interest Ask your child to express his her opinions about a topic or book through drawing dictating or writing Ask your child to provide clear reasons to support the opinions expressed Help your child choose something that he she wants to do or learn to do Work with your child to research information related to the topic chosen Ask your child to create a brochure flyer or How To manual or guide describing explaining the topic or how to do something Then together you and your child can follow the guide to do or learn to do the chosen topic During a family event take a photograph After the family event ask your child to write a brief summary to go along with the photograph and send the photograph and your child s summary to the local newspaper to be printed with community events 19

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Writing Strategies Encourage your child to tell you about his her day at school Keep paper markers or crayons around the house for your child to write letters or words or draw a picture about his or her day Ask your child to describe the picture to you Create labels with your child for different objects in your house For example various books places for toys foods objects in the kitchen or clothes You or your child can write the names of the objects and your child can draw a picture to go along with it Draw a picture and have your child guess the spelling of that word Give your child a few letters in a word For example show your child _at and ask him or her to make as many words as he she can with it When you are in the car at home or in the store ask your child to find certain uppercase and lowercase letters He she can keep a list of all the letters he she finds and write them down as he she finds them 20

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in write at home kindergarten KINDERGARTEN