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Fourth Grade Parent Guide

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning write at home in fourth grade FOURTH GRADE

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Fourth Grade 16 Reading Strategies 22 25 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of fourth grade in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in fourth grade reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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The NC standards are divided into 4 strands Reading o Foundational Skills K 5 o Reading Literature o Reading Informational Text Writing Speaking and Listening Language The NC Standard Course of Study has a new format that includes Standards with bolded terms Clarification of the standards with suggestions for instruction explanations and examples Glossary that defines the bolded terms from the Standards INTRODUCTION TO THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD COURSE OF STUDY FOR ELA In April 2017 the North Carolina State Board of Education adopted new ELA standards for grades K 12 The Standard Course of Study describes what students should know understand and be able to do by the end of each grade level How these standards are taught is decided at a district level The NC Standard Course of Study was developed based on feedback provided from the following Parents Community Members Business Industry Professionals Higher Education Faculty Educators teachers administrators curriculum specialists Example of the new format 02

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ELA Standards Expectations for Fourth Grade This section focuses on the key skills your child will learn throughout fourth grade which build a solid foundation for success in later grades The skills in each strand are broken down into topics If your child is meeting the expectations outlined here he or she will be well prepared for fifth grade The ELA Standards expectations for fourth grade include 03

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Reading Foundational Skills Handwriting Students create readable documents in cursive Phonics and Word Recognition Students use knowledge letter sounds syllables root words prefixes and suffixes to read unfamiliar words Fluency Students read and understand fourth grade level texts with accuracy appropriate rate and expression use context clues to recognize or self correct words re reading if needed 04

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Reading Literature Key Ideas and Evidence Students refer to details in the text when talking writing about the text draw inferences from what the text says determine the theme summarize the text use specific details from the text to thoroughly describe a character setting or event Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in a text identify words that impact the meaning and tone of the text explain differences between dramas stories and poems compare and contrast the points of view of different stories know the difference between first and third person points of view 05

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Reading Literature Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of that same story compare and contrast similar themes and topics in different stories myths and traditional literature from different cultures Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for fourth grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 06

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Reading Informational Key Ideas and Evidence Students refer to details in the text when talking writing about the text draw inferences from what the text says determine the main idea and explain how the key details support it summarize the text explain events procedures ideas and concepts or steps in technical procedures in a text Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in texts on fourth grade topics describe the structure of the events concepts or ideas and information in part of a text or the whole text compare firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same subject or topic 07

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Reading Informational Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students interpret information that is presented visually orally or quantitatively and how it supports their understanding of the text explain how the author uses reasons and evidence to support his or her points in the text integrate information from two texts on the same topic when writing about or discussing the topic Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for fourth grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 08

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing Students organize information and ideas based on a topic to plan and prepare to write write opinion pieces that introduce the topic or text clearly state an opinion group related ideas in an organized structure provide reasons that are supported by facts and details link the opinion and reasons provide a concluding statement write informative pieces that introduce a topic clearly group related information in paragraphs and sections use facts definitions concrete details and quotations to develop the topic link ideas within categories use precise language and vocabulary provide a concluding statement 09

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing con t Students write narrative pieces that develop real or imagined events introduce the characters narrator organize the sequence of events use dialogue and descriptions to show the response of characters to certain situations use words that help sequence the events use concrete words phrases use sensory details to convey experiences provide a conclusion revise and edit based on peer and adult feedback with guidance and support use digital tools to produce and publish their writing with some guidance and support use digital tools to collaborate and interact with others with some guidance and support sufficiently use word processing skills 10

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Writing Research Students conduct short research projects that explore different aspects of a topic gather information from sources and recall information from personal experiences take notes on and categorize the gathered information provide a list of sources 11

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Speaking and Listening Collaboration and Communication Students follow predetermined rules to discuss grade level texts and topics carry out assigned roles come prepared for discussions by having read or studied the material ask and answer questions to clarify information contribute to the discussion by making comments and linking their comments to others comments explain their own ideas after reviewing the key ideas expressed during the discussion paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through digital media identify the reasons and evidence a speaker uses to support his her points Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Students tell a story report on a subject and recount experiences use appropriate relevant facts and descriptive details in their presentations adjust their speech based on if the situation is formal or informal 12

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Language Conventions of Standard English Students demonstrate understanding of progressively more difficult standard grammar rules and parts of speech expanding on their previous work with nouns verbs adjectives conjunctions prepositions etc produce complete sentences and questions as well as use conventions such as basic capitalization punctuation and spelling Knowledge of Language Students choose words that convey ideas precisely choose punctuation for effect determine when to use formal English such as presenting ideas or writing a letter to the governor and informal English such as writing a letter to a friend or sending a birthday card to Grandma 13

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Language Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Students determine the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words in fourth grade level books using context clues word parts reference materials and noting how words are related explain simple similes and metaphors found in a text recognize and explain common idioms adages and proverbs relate words to their opposites antonyms relate words to words that are similar synonyms use grade appropriate words and phrases 14

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Language Language Standards 1 and 2 include two continuums one for grammar and one for conventions The skills within each continuum are arranged by grade band rather than by individual grades so you will notice that your child will be working with the same skills in multiple grades but the activities and texts will become more complex In the lower grade of the band the teacher is introducing and modeling the skill In the higher grade of the band students are applying the skill to more complex text as they work toward mastery Portion of the continuum for Language Standard 1 15

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Reading Strategies Reading outside of school provides the additional support and encouragement that allows students to create a deep passion for reading to deepen their comprehension skills and to build a broad vocabulary knowledge Reading strategies can be developed and used before during and after reading takes place These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in fourth grade Activities to do at home Provide a time and space for your child to read every day Find small and simple poems Read them together and talk about the feelings they convey Try making up your own poems together about objects people you know or anything you like Read to your child or have your child read to you every day Reading aloud to children of all ages provides opportunities to discuss more challenging and complex plots and themes which builds critical thinking skills As your child learns to read new words and understand the meaning of those words help him her keep track of them in his her own dictionary Your child can write them down draw pictures to illustrate the words or the definitions or write sentences with the words 16

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Reading Strategies Discuss any confusing parts elements or information in the book chapter or passage Start a family book club Let different members of the family pick the book This could be a good way to enjoy quality family time while experiencing the joy of reading together Ask your child to retell what he she read in his her own words Ask your child to summarize what he she read and tell what he she learned from what was read This could be connected to something in real life another reading or to events happening in the world Visit the local library and make reading fun for the entire family Give your child opportunities to participate in new experiences Visit museums the zoo theaters historical sites aquariums etc to help build your child s vocabulary and speaking skills Find a series that interests your child and begin to read it together You can read to your child your child can read to you and he she can read a chapter independently You and your child can interview each other as you read ask about main ideas events and thoughts you each have about the books and characters 17

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Reading Strategies Begin a family project of building vocabulary Ask all family members to contribute to the project by submitting new vocabulary words they read or hear Vocabulary words may be compiled in a decorative container in a prominent place Family members practice using the new vocabulary words in their speaking and writing Act out a story poem or other text as if it is a play by using different voices for the characters This will help children practice appropriate pacing in their speed while reading and encourage reading with expression As your child develops favorite authors look online for that author s website Your child can email or write a letter to the author under your supervision The author may even be at a book signing or other events in your neighborhood for you and your child to attend When you or your child uses a word with a prefix or suffix stop to talk about it Break down the word and talk about what the prefix or suffix and the root word mean together Think of other words that have that suffix or prefix You can also write the word out on two separate cards with the prefix on one and the root word on the other and make new words with the cards Write down the different words with prefixes and suffixes you and your child use 18

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Reading Strategies Talk about current events together Discuss with your child so he she understands what is happening and how it connects to him her other events that he she may have seen or read about and other areas of the community Read the same book as your child independently together or a combination of both Talk about the books as you read them reviewing main ideas plots and expressing your opinions on the book Then read an additional book or books on the same subject and compare and contrast how the books both dealt with the same issue For example read two fiction books about family or two different texts about the same historical event or non fiction topic Read two texts one that is first hand and one written in third person about the same event Talk with your child about the differences and why she thinks these differences exist Or try this yourself After sharing an event with your child each of you can write about it from your own perspective Or choose an event one of you experienced first hand that both of you can write about individually Talk about the differences between what you wrote to gain a better understanding of perspective After your child reads a story make up your own version changing details such as setting time or even the ending You can change the story so it occurs in places or with characters you know 19

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads o Who was this about o Why did the author write this o What can you infer from what you have read so far o What were the main ideas topics o Retell the story in sequential order o What is the lesson moral How do you know o Which of these details is really important to the story How do you know o Describe one of the characters or settings using details from the text o What do you think the author is trying to say when he she uses the word phrase ____ o What clues can you find in the sentence or paragraph that help you figure out the meaning of _______ o Who is telling the story in this section How do you know o How is the story and the video recording movie the same Different o What is the theme of this story How is it similar different from another story you we have read 20

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads o What genres do you like to read Why o Who is your favorite author Why o Summarize the text o What details explain or support the main idea o What is the first step in the procedure explained in the book What comes next o How is this text organized o What information does this chart diagram photo provide o What does the word ______ mean in this sentence o What did you do to help you figure out an unknown word o Identify at least two points the author is trying to make in this text o What details does the author use to support his her point o What is the root word in ______ o Does _____ have a prefix or suffix What does the prefix suffix do to the root word o What strategies can you use when you don t understand the text 21

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Writing Strategies Writing to express opinions provide information and or create a story goes far beyond letter formation and spelling rules In school students are learning the writing process Out of school help is needed to reinforce encourage and support students in their writing process Writing out of school provides a connection between writing and everyday experiences These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in fourth grade Activities to do at home Help your child organize his her thoughts by planning what he she wants to write Using sticky notes or a graphic organizer will provide a visual way to accomplish this Discuss family stories and history Encourage your child to ask questions Work together with your child to create a book magazine poem short story newspaper article pamphlet or other written narrative of your family s history Encourage and help your child to write a letter birthday card get well card thinking of you card or thank you note to family members or friends Help your child create a poster collage pictograph or infographic about something your child or your family learned or experienced recently 22

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Writing Strategies Encourage your child to draw and or write his her own version of a favorite story Or encourage your child to create or write a next chapter or page for his her favorite book When your child asks a question research the answer together using books or computers under your supervision Then create an informative poster or collage which tells the question the answer and uses both texts and illustrations to show what they learned Encourage your child to find a picture from a newspaper or magazine cut it out paste it on paper and write a story about it Help your child choose something that he she wants to do or learn to do Work with your child to research information related to the topic chosen Ask your child to create a brochure flyer or How To manual or guide describing explaining the topic or how to do something Then together you and your child can follow the guide to do or learn to do the chosen topic During a family event take a photograph After the family event ask your child to write a brief summary to go along with the photograph and send the photograph and your child s summary to the local newspaper to be printed with community events 23

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Writing Strategies Keep a family journal of trips weekends and special times spent together Your child can both write and illustrate the journal Pick a favorite entry from the journal and use it to expand your child s writing You and your child can write a longer piece or story about that event and illustrate it with photographs or drawings Urge your child to use logical arguments to defend his or her opinion If your child wants a raise in allowance ask him or her to research and then based on that research explain reasons why he she should have a raise in allowance Under your supervision begin to help your child use a computer to research a topic or communicate with friends and family Your child can also use the computer to write his her own pieces or pieces you write together Encourage your child to practice his her typing skills Use typing games or make up your own games such as giving your child a word to spell and timing how fast he she can type it 24