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First Grade Parent Guide

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in first grade FIRST GRADE write at home

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for First Grade 15 Reading Strategies 20 23 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of first grade in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in first grade reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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The NC standards are divided into 4 strands Reading o Foundational Skills K 5 o Reading Literature o Reading Informational Text Writing Speaking and Listening Language The NC Standard Course of Study has a new format that includes Standards with bolded terms Clarification of the standards with suggestions for instruction explanations and examples Glossary that defines the bolded terms from the Standards INTRODUCTION TO THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD COURSE OF STUDY FOR ELA In April 2017 the North Carolina State Board of Education adopted new ELA standards for grades K 12 The Standard Course of Study describes what students should know understand and be able to do by the end of each grade level How these standards are taught is decided at a district level The NC Standard Course of Study was developed based on feedback provided from the following Parents Community Members Business Industry Professionals Higher Education Faculty Educators teachers administrators curriculum specialists Example of the new format 02

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ELA Standards Expectations for First Grade This section focuses on the key skills your child will learn throughout first grade which build a solid foundation for success in later grades The skills in each strand are broken down into topics If your child is meeting the expectations outlined here he or she will be well prepared for second grade The ELA Standards expectations for first grade include 03

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Reading Foundational Skills Print Concepts Students demonstrate an understanding of the basic features and organization of print which includes recognizing and using capitalization and ending punctuation Handwriting Students print all upper and lowercase letters legibly Phonological Awareness Students distinguish between long and short vowel sounds blend and separate sounds in single syllable words segment single syllable words into their individual sounds All of these skills are done orally 04

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Reading Foundational Skills Phonics and Word Recognition Students read consonant digraphs such as bl sl tr read simple one syllable words know that a final e and certain vowel teams such as ai ee oa represent long vowel sounds determine how many syllables are in a word read two syllable words by breaking words into syllables read words with inflectional endings such as ing s ed read first grade appropriate irregularly spelled words Fluency Students read and understand first grade level texts with accuracy appropriate rate and expression use context clues to recognize or self correct words re reading if needed 05

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Reading Literature Key Ideas and Evidence Students ask and answer questions about a text retell stories and demonstrate understanding of the central message or lesson describe characters settings and major events in a story Craft and Structure Students identify words and phrases in text that are related to feelings and senses explain the difference between books that tell stories and books that give information identify who is telling the story at different points throughout the book 06

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Reading Literature Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students use illustrations and details to describe characters setting and events in a story compare and contrast adventures and experiences of characters in stories Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for first grade for a sustained period of time Students receive prompting and support from an adult 07

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Reading Informational Key Ideas and Evidence Students ask and answer questions about a text identify the main topic and retell keys details in a text describe the connection between two individuals events ideas or pieces of information in a text Craft and Structure Students ask and answer questions about words identify and use text features to find important information tell the difference between information found in illustrations and information found in the words 08

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Reading Informational Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students use illustrations and details to describe key idea identify the reasons an author gives to support his her ideas with prompting and support identify the similarities and differences in two texts on the same topic Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for first grade for a sustained period of time Students receive prompting and support from an adult 09

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing Students organize information and ideas based on a topic to plan and prepare to write with guidance and support write opinion pieces that name the topic or book they are writing about state an opinion and supply a reason for that opinion provide closure write informative pieces that name a topic supply some facts about the topic provide closure write narrative pieces that recount two or more appropriately sequenced events include details use words that signal order provide some sense of closure add details to strengthen the writing with guidance and support use digital tools to produce and publish their writing individually or with peers 10

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Writing Research Students participate in shared research and writing projects gather information from provided sources and recall information from personal experiences to answer a question with guidance and support 11

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Speaking and Listening Collaboration and Communication Students follow established rules for talking with others build on or add to each other s comments ask questions when they are confused need clarification need additional information or need help ask and answer questions about key details of information presented or read to them Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Students produce complete sentences to describe people places things and events while expressing ideas and feelings clearly add pictures or other visual representations to clarify their ideas thoughts and feelings 12

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Language Conventions of Standard English Students demonstrate understanding of progressively more difficult standard grammar rules and parts of speech expanding on their previous work with nouns verbs adjectives conjunctions prepositions etc produce simple sentences and questions as well as use conventions such as basic capitalization punctuation and spelling Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Students determine the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words in first grade level books using context clues word parts and noting how words are related sort common objects into categories define words by category and one or more key attributes e g A duck is a bird that swims act out choose or define the meanings of similar verbs such as walk march strut and similar adjectives such as large gigantic act out choose or define the meanings of similar adjectives such as large gigantic use words phrases learned through conversations reading being read to 13 and responding to texts

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Language Language Standards 1 and 2 include two continuums one for grammar and one for conventions The skills within each continuum are arranged by grade band rather than by individual grades so you will notice that your child will be working with the same skills in multiple grades but the activities and texts will become more complex In the lower grade of the band the teacher is introducing and modeling the skill In the higher grade of the band students are applying the skill to more complex text as they work toward mastery Portion of the continuum for Language Standard 1 14

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Reading Strategies Reading outside of school provides the additional support and encouragement that allows students to create a deep passion for reading to deepen their comprehension skills and to build a broad vocabulary knowledge Reading strategies can be developed and used before during and after reading takes place These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in first grade Activities to do at home Provide a time and space for your child to read every day Find small and simple poems Read them together and talk about the feelings they convey Try making up your own poems together about objects people you know or anything you like Read to your child or have your child read to you every day Reading aloud to children of all ages provides opportunities to discuss more challenging and complex plots and themes which builds critical thinking skills As your child learns to read new words and understand the meaning of those words help him her keep track of them in his her own dictionary Your child can write them down draw pictures to illustrate the words or the definitions or write sentences with the words 15

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Reading Strategies Discuss any confusing parts elements or information in the book chapter or passage Start a family book club Let different members of the family pick the book This could be a good way to enjoy quality family time while experiencing the joy of reading together Ask your child to retell what he she read in his her own words Ask your child to summarize what he she read and tell what he she learned from what was read This could be connected to something in real life another reading or to events happening in the world Visit the local library and make reading fun for the entire family Give your child opportunities to participate in new experiences Visit museums the zoo theaters historical sites aquariums etc to help build your child s vocabulary and speaking skills Pick a special word of the week for your child to practice writing and using when speaking Begin a family project of building vocabulary Ask all family members to contribute to the project by submitting new vocabulary words they read or hear Vocabulary words may be compiled in a decorative container in a prominent place Family members practice using the new vocabulary words in their speaking and writing 16

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Reading Strategies Act out a story poem or other text as if it is a play by using different voices for the characters This will help children practice appropriate pacing in their speed while reading and encourage reading with expression Ask your child to read his her favorite book to you using memory associations and clues from the pictures Ask your child to a draw picture of a favorite part of a story Allow your child to describe the drawing You can support your child by writing his her description Talk about current events together Discuss with your child so he she understands what is happening and how it connects to him her other events that he she may have seen or read about and other areas of the community Use magnetic letters letter tiles or cards from games to create both real and silly words Practice building longer words by putting together shorter words and sounds When you read a favorite picture book to your child and come across a short word that rhymes or is familiar to your child because he she knows the book very well stop and let him her say the word Point to the word as he she says it and spell it out 17

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads o Who was this about o What were the main ideas topics o Where did this take place o What happened first Next Last o What did the characters do to solve the problem o What lessons were learned in the story o How do we know the character feels happy sad or angry o Who is telling the story How do you know o What adventures did _____ have in the story o What details help us know ____________ o How are ________ and _______ connected to each other o What did you do to help you figure out an unknown word o What point was the author trying to make How do you know o Describe how the picture helps you understand what the author has written o We read two books How are they the same Different o Show me a capital letter Show me an ending punctuation mark o What sound do we hear in the middle of ______ What sound do we hear in the end _______ 18

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads con t o What word do you make by putting together the sounds __ ___ ___ o What do we do with our voices when we reach a period Exclamation mark Question mark o What word rhymes with _____ o In this word what sound do you hear first Last How many sounds do you hear in the whole word o How many syllables does this word have o In the word _______ what vowel sound do you hear Is it long or short 19

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Writing Strategies Writing to express opinions provide information and or create a story goes far beyond letter formation and spelling rules In school students are learning the writing process Out of school help is needed to reinforce encourage and support students in their writing process Writing out of school provides a connection between writing and everyday experiences These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in first grade Activities to do at home Help your child organize his her thoughts by planning what he she wants to write Using sticky notes or a graphic organizer will provide a visual way to accomplish this Discuss family stories and history Encourage your child to ask questions Work together with your child to create a book magazine poem short story newspaper article pamphlet or other written narrative of your family s history Encourage and help your child to write a letter birthday card get well card thinking of you card or thank you note to family members or friends Help your child create a poster collage pictograph or infographic about something your child or your family learned or experienced recently 20

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Writing Strategies Encourage your child to draw and or write his her own version of a favorite story Or encourage your child to create or write a next chapter or page for his her favorite book When your child asks a question research the answer together using books or computers under your supervision Then create an informative poster or collage which tells the question the answer and uses both texts and illustrations to show what he she learned Ask your child to express his her opinions about a topic or book through drawing dictating or writing Ask your child to provide clear reasons to support the opinions expressed Help your child choose something that he she wants to do or learn to do Work with your child to research information related to the topic chosen Ask your child to create a brochure flyer or How To manual or guide describing explaining the topic or how to do something Then together you and your child can follow the guide to do or learn to do the chosen topic During a family event take a photograph After the family event ask your child to write a brief summary to go along with the photograph and send the photograph and your child s summary to the local newspaper to be printed with community events 21

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Writing Strategies Encourage your child to tell you about his her day at school Keep paper markers or crayons around the house for your child to write letters or words or draw a picture about his her day Ask your child to describe the picture to you Create labels with your child for different objects in your house For example various books places for toys foods objects in the kitchen or clothes You or your child can write the names of the objects and your child can draw a picture to go along with it Draw a picture and have your child guess the spelling of that word Give your child a few letters in a word For example show your child _at and ask him her to make as many words as he she can with it When you are in the car at home or in the store ask your child to find certain uppercase and lowercase letters He she can keep a list of all the letters he she finds and write them down as he she finds them 22

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in first grade FIRST GRADE write at home