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Fifth Grade Parent Guide

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in fifth grade FIFTH GRADE write at home

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Fifth Grade 17 Reading Strategies 23 26 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of fifth grade in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in fifth grade reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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The NC standards are divided into 4 strands Reading o Foundational Skills K 5 o Reading Literature o Reading Informational Text Writing Speaking and Listening Language The NC Standard Course of Study has a new format that includes Standards with bolded terms Clarification of the standards with suggestions for instruction explanations and examples Glossary that defines the bolded terms from the Standards INTRODUCTION TO THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD COURSE OF STUDY FOR ELA In April 2017 the North Carolina State Board of Education adopted new ELA standards for grades K 12 The Standard Course of Study describes what students should know understand and be able to do by the end of each grade level How these standards are taught is decided at a district level The NC Standard Course of Study was developed based on feedback provided from the following Parents Community Members Business Industry Professionals Higher Education Faculty Educators teachers administrators curriculum specialists Example of the new format 02

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ELA Standards Expectations for Fifth Grade This section focuses on the key skills your child will learn throughout fifth grade which build a solid foundation for success in later grades The skills in each strand are broken down into topics If your child is meeting the expectations outlined here he or she will be well prepared for sixth grade The ELA Standards expectations for fifth grade include 03

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Reading Foundational Skills Handwriting Students create readable documents in cursive Phonics and Word Recognition Students use knowledge letter sounds syllables root words prefixes and suffixes to read unfamiliar words Fluency Students read and understand fifth grade level texts with accuracy appropriate rate and expression use context clues to recognize or self correct words re reading if needed 04

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Reading Literature Key Ideas and Evidence Students quote from the text when explaining the text quote from the text when making inferences determine the theme summarize the text compare and contrast two or more characters settings or events in a story or drama Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in a text identify specific words that contribute to the meaning and tone of the text explain how chapters scenes or stanzas provide an overall structure explain how the narrator s or speaker s point of view influences the description of events 05

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Reading Literature Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the tone meaning or look of the text compare and contrast the approaches used to develop themes and topics in stories within the same genre Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for fifth grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 06

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Reading Informational Key Ideas and Evidence Students quote from the text when explaining the text quote from the text when making inferences determine two or more main ideas and explain how the key details support them summarize the text explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals events ideas and concepts in a historical scientific or technical text Craft and Structure Students understand the meaning of words and phrases in texts on fifth grade topics compare and contrast the overall structure of the events concepts ideas or information in two texts on the same topic analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic noting similarities and differences in the points of view 07

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Reading Informational Integration of Ideas and Analysis Students use information from print and digital sources to locate an answer or to solve a problem explain how the author uses reasons and evidence to support his or her points in the text identifying which reasons and evidence support which point integrate information from several texts on the same topic when writing about or discussing the topic Range of Reading and the Level of Complexity Students read and understand texts appropriate for fifth grade independently and for a sustained period of time connect background knowledge and experiences to texts 08

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing Students organize information and ideas based on a topic to plan and prepare to write write opinion pieces that introduce the topic or text clearly state an opinion group related ideas in an organized and logical structure provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details link the opinion and reasons provide a concluding statement write informative pieces that introduce a topic clearly provide a general observation and focus group related information logically use facts definitions concrete details examples and quotations to develop the topic link ideas within and across categories use precise language and vocabulary provide a concluding statement 09

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Writing Text Types Purposes and Publishing con t Students write narrative pieces that develop real or imagined events introduce the characters narrator organize the sequence of events use dialogue descriptions and pacing to develop events or show the response of characters to certain situations use words that help sequence the events use concrete words phrases use sensory details to convey experiences provide a conclusion revise and edit based on peer and adult feedback with guidance and support use digital tools to produce and publish their writing with some guidance and support use digital tools to collaborate and interact with others with some guidance and support sufficiently use word processing skills 10

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Writing Research Students conduct short research projects that explore different aspects of a topic using several sources gather information from sources and recall information from personal experiences summarize or paraphrase the gathered information provide a list of sources 11

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Speaking and Listening Collaboration and Communication Students follow predetermined rules to discuss grade level texts and topics carry out assigned roles come prepared for discussions by having read or studied the material ask and answer questions contribute to the discussion by making comments that elaborate on someone else s remark s draw conclusions after reviewing the key ideas expressed during the discussion summarize a text read aloud or information presented orally or through digital media summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each is supported by reasons and evidence 12

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Speaking and Listening Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Students report on a subject or text and present their opinion logically sequence ideas use appropriate relevant facts and descriptive details to support the main idea or theme adjust their speech based on the context and task include multimedia components and visuals in presentations when appropriate 13

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Language Conventions of Standard English Students demonstrate understanding of progressively more difficult standard grammar rules and parts of speech expanding on their previous work with nouns verbs adjectives conjunctions prepositions etc produce complete sentences and questions as well as use conventions such as capitalization punctuation and spelling Knowledge of Language Students expand combine and reduce sentences for meaning interest and style compare and contrast the types of English used in stories poems or dramas 14

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Language Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Students determine the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words in fifth grade level books using context clues word parts reference materials and noting how words are related interpret figurative language including similes and metaphors found in a text recognize and explain common idioms adages and proverbs use grade appropriate words and phrases 15

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Language Language Standards 1 and 2 include two continuums one for grammar and one for conventions The skills within each continuum are arranged by grade band rather than by individual grades so you will notice that your child will be working with the same skills in multiple grades but the activities and texts will become more complex In the lower grade of the band the teacher is introducing and modeling the skill In the higher grade of the band students are applying the skill to more complex text as they work toward mastery Portion of the continuum for Language Standard 1 16

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Reading Strategies Reading outside of school provides the additional support and encouragement that allows students to create a deep passion for reading to deepen their comprehension skills and to build a broad vocabulary knowledge Reading strategies can be developed and used before during and after reading takes place These strategies reinforce what your student is learning in fifth grade Activities to do at home Provide a time and space for your child to read every day Read about an event you and your child attended or write your own accounts of an event you shared Read the two pieces and then compare the differences between them like the perspectives from which they were written Read to your child or have your child read to you every day Reading aloud to children of all ages provides opportunities to discuss more challenging and complex plots and themes which builds critical thinking skills As your child learns to read new words and understand the meaning of those words help them keep track of them in his her own dictionary Your child can write them down draw pictures to illustrate the words or the definitions or write sentences with the words 17

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Reading Strategies Discuss any confusing parts elements or information in the book chapter or passage Start a family book club Let different members of the family pick the book This could be a good way to enjoy quality family time while experiencing the joy of reading together Ask your child to retell what he she read in his her own words Ask your child to summarize what he she read and tell what he she learned from what was read This could be connected to something in real life another reading or to events happening in the world Visit the local library and make reading fun for the entire family Give your child opportunities to participate in new experiences Visit museums the zoo theaters historical sites aquariums etc to help build your child s vocabulary and speaking skills Find a series that interests your child and begin to read it together You can read to your child your child can read to you and he she can read a chapter independently You and your child can interview each other as you read ask about main ideas events and thoughts you each have about the books and characters 18

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NCDPI ELA SECTION Parent Guide FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS ELA Standards Expectations Get an in depth look of what skills your child Reading and Writing Strategies Ideas and resources to help your child read and will be learning in fifth grade FIFTH GRADE write at home

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02 Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study 03 ELA Standards Expectations for Fifth Grade 17 Reading Strategies 23 26 Writing Strategies Resources for Learning Outside of School

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Welcome This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of fifth grade in English Language Arts ELA as well as strategies and resources for learning outside of school This guide includes an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study an explanation of the skills your child is learning in fifth grade reading strategies for learning outside of school writing strategies for learning outside of school websites to support your child s learning 01

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Reading Strategies Possible questions prompts to ask as or after your child reads con t o What genres do you like to read Why o Who is your favorite author Why o Summarize the text o What quote explains or supports the inference you made o Explain the relationship between ______ and _______ o How is this text organized o Why would the point of view be different in these accounts of the same event o What does the word ______ mean in this sentence o What did you do to help you figure out an unknown word o Identify at least two points the author is trying to make in this text o What evidence does the author use to support his her point o What is the root word in ______ o Does _____ have a prefix or suffix What does the prefix suffix do to the root word o What strategies can you use when you don t understand the text 22

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ELA Standards Expectations for Fifth Grade This section focuses on the key skills your child will learn throughout fifth grade which build a solid foundation for success in later grades The skills in each strand are broken down into topics If your child is meeting the expectations outlined here he or she will be well prepared for sixth grade The ELA Standards expectations for fifth grade include 03

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Writing Strategies Encourage your child to draw and or write his her own version of a favorite story Or encourage your child to create or write a next chapter or page for his her favorite book When your child asks a question research the answer together using books or computers under your supervision Then create an informative poster or collage which tells the question the answer and uses both texts and illustrations to show what they learned Encourage your child to find a picture from a newspaper or magazine cut it out paste it on paper and write a story about it Help your child choose something that he she wants to do or learn to do Work with your child to research information related to the topic chosen Ask your child to create a brochure flyer or How To manual or guide describing explaining the topic or how to do something Then together you and your child can follow the guide to do or learn to do the chosen topic During a family event take a photograph After the family event ask your child to write a brief summary to go along with the photograph and send the photograph and your child s summary to the local newspaper to be printed with community events 24

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Writing Strategies Keep a family journal of trips weekends and special times spent together Your child can both write and illustrate the journal Pick a favorite entry from the journal and use it to expand your child s writing You and your child can write a longer piece or story about that event and illustrate it with photographs or drawings Urge your child to use logical arguments to defend his or her opinion If your child wants a raise in allowance ask him her to research and then based on that research explain reasons why he she should have a raise in allowance Under your supervision begin to help your child use a computer to research a topic or communicate with friends and family Your child can also use the computer to write his her own pieces or pieces you write together Encourage your child to practice his her typing skills Use typing games or make up your own games such as giving your child a word to spell and timing how fast he she can type it 25