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 Biome Book

By Lauren Walsh


       -Located in Alaska, Northern Canada, edges of Greenland, Northern Scandinavia, Northern Siberia, and Russia.

Biotic Factors

       -fungi, mosses, shrubs, insects, fish, birds, and mammals

Ex. of dominat plants

        - bearberry, arctic moss,Caribou moss, Diamond leaf willow

Ex. of Dominat animals

         -polar bears, arctic fox, white wolves, grizzly bears

Abiotic Factors

       -temperature, wind, rain, snow, sunlight, soil, rocks and permafrost

        -The average winter temperature is -34° C and the average summer temperature is 3-12° C 

        -Yearly precipitation, including melting snow, is 15 to 25 cm

        - Permafrost is the primary soil type.


Human Interaction

        - Humans are constantly polluting the earth, which simply, causes global warming.  In the Tundra, as global warming continues, the earth gets warmer causing the primary soil, permafrost, to melt.  As permafrost melts and the materials in it, releases CO2, further continuing global warming.

- 4 million people live there

-The arctic national wildlife refuge and many other organizations work hard to protect the species in this biome







Tundra Biome

Location: North America, Asia, Europe, Alaska, Canada, Scandinavia, and Russia. It is the largest biome in the world.


Biotic factor-

Animals_Mostly mammals live here, such as moose, snowshoe hares, arctic fox, arctic wolves, squirrels

 Plants- white spruce, hemlock and douglas fir


Abiotic factors-

Precipitation =12 - 33 inches,

The average temperature is below freezing for six months of the year.

The primary soil types are spodosol, histosol, and inceptisol, all of which contain very few nutrients.


Human interaction-

Humans are cutting down trees in the Taiga by the thousands causing deforestation to remove animals from their habitat. 

-There are a lot of people that live in this region

-The taiga rescue network tries to save all the trees to preserve the forests.





Taiga Biome

Location- This biome is located in Africa, Eurasia, North and South America. 


Biotic Factors- 

 Animals:purple needlegrass, wild oats, foxtail, ryegrass, and buffalo grass.

Plants: Grasses dominate


Abiotic factors- 

The precipitation occurs in late spring and early summer and the average rainfall is 50.8 to 88.9 cm. 

The range of yearly temperature is over 100 Fahrenheit in the summertime and -40 in the winter time. 

The primary soil types are black soils, clay soils, and loess soil. 


Human interaction-

 Humans are converting the grasslands into cropland which is decreasing the food source for wild animals. This will also disrupt the food web in this biome.

-Not many humans are found in this area

-The world wildlife foundation does many campaigns to save and support the animals in the grasslands.




Grassland Biome


Location-in the eastern half of the United States, Canada, Europe, parts of Russia, China, and Japan.


Biotic factors- 

Plants- Lichen, moss, ferns, wildflowers


Animals-hawks, cardinals, snowy owls, deer, raccoons, opossums, porcupines and red foxes.


Abiotic Factors-

The yearly precipitation is 30 - 60 inches. 

The yearly temperature is about 50 degrees F.

The primary soil type is alfisol.


Human interaction-

Once, the deciduous forest covered about half the land on earth

Once, the deciduous forest covered about half the land on earth but now it has tremendously decreased because of forest clearing. Deforestation is a major destroyer of the forests and the species that live in it. 

-Cities like New York, Berlin, Paris, ect are in areas of deciduous forests, so thousands of people live there.

-The global restoration network works to save the trees and the animals who live in it. 


Location:the west side of United States, the west coast of South America, South Africa, Australia and the coastal areas of the Mediterranean.


Biotic factors

Plants - poison oak, scrub oak, Yucca Wiple

Animals-coyotes, jack rabbits, mule deer, alligator lizards, horned toads


Abiotic factors-

The average rainfall is 10 to 17 inches a year.

The average temperature in the chaparral biome is 64° F.

The primary soil types are Serpentine Soil, Vernal pools, Gabbro soils.


Haman interactions-

The Chaparral biome is one of the most tourist attracted areas, causing humans to negatively affect the biome by building. Humans too often build industries and factories in these areas. This is causing animals to have restricted areas to live and making them endangered. 

-Huge populations live in and around these areas

-The Chaparral land conservancy organization works to protect the rare shrubland in this region.


Location- North-America, South-America, Australia, Africa, and Southern Asia.


Biotic Factors

Plants- Tumbleweed, Prickly Pear Cacti, 

Animals- Armadillo Lizard, Banded Gila Monster, Bobcat, Cactus Wren, Coyote.


Abiotic Factors

-The average yearly precipitation is less than 10 inches or 25 centimeters.

The average temperature is 20-25° C

The primary soil types are Aridisols and Entisols.


Human interactions-

Humans driving through the desert and leaving tracks and destroying vegetation is a big impact. Also, countries use the desert for atomic bomb testing and military purposes which destroys the biome. 

- Some people live in this area and when they do they live in tents and mud houses. 

-The defenders of wildlife association has many ways people can work to support the species in this biome


Savanna Biome

Location- Africa, South America, India, and Australia.


Biotic factors

Plant- Rhodes grass, red oats grass, star grass, lemon grass


Animal-wildebeest, warthogs, elephants, zebras, rhinos, 

gazelles, hyenas, cheetahs, lions, leopards


Abiotic Factors-

Annual precipitation averages between 30 and 50 inches

The average temperature range is 68° to 86° F  

The primary soil type is clay soil.


Human interactions-

 Some tribes raise cattle in Africa which can lead to overgrazing, causing what is called desertification. The ground is left dry and bare which is detrimental to the rest of the wildlife. 

Also, fires can break out which can either be good or bad. Obviously, it destroys some of the environment but it also can open up seeds to start growing new vegetation. 

-Thousands of people live in these areas and a lot of them are indigenous.

-The World Wildlife Association has many project to save the rare species in this biome.

Location- south America, Africa, southeast Asia and Australia 


Biotic Factors

Plants- broad-leaved evergreen trees; ferns; large woody vines and climbing plants; orchids and bromeliads

Animals-jaguars, anteaters, monkeys, toucans, parrots, ants,



Abiotic factors

-The average precipitation is 50 to 260 inches of rain.

The average temperature is 68 to 93 °F.

The primary soil types are Oxisols and Ultisols.


Human interaction-

Overexploitation is a serious problem in this biome because humans are too often converting the land into uses for mining and agriculture.

-Mostly, the rain forest is home to tribes but not a very large population.

-The nature conservancy works hard to protect the trees and stop the deforestation in the biome.

Rainforest Biome

Location-Andes, Alps, and Rocky Mountains


Biotic factors

Plants-tussock grasses, small-leafed shrubs, and dwarf trees. 

Animals-Alpaca, Andean Condor, Chinchilla, Llama, Mountain Goat, Snow Leopard.


Abiotic factors

-The average precipitation is 30 cm a year.

the temperature is  40 to 60°F during the summer and below freezing in the winter. 

The primary soil type is called folists.


Human interactions-

Humans have cut done thousands of pine trees which is a factor to global warming. Alpine biome gets less snow each year which is a problem for the animals and environment that are use to the precipitation levels.

 -Barely any people live in this biome because of the cold weather

-The Everest Alliance has many projects in place to protect the animals that live in this biome who are being affected by global warming.




Alpine Biome


Works Cited



"Biomes." Earth Floor. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.



Bixler, Catalina. "Grassland Soil Types." People of Our Everyday Life. N.p., n.d. Web.



"Chaparral." World Biomes. Kids Do Ecology, n.d. Web.



"Deciduous Forest Biome." N.p., n.d. Web.



"Desert Animals." Desert Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.



"Desert Plants." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.



"Grassland." World Biomes. Kids Do Ecology, n.d. Web.



"The Grassland." The World's Biomes. University of California Museum of

Paleontology, n.d. Web.



Stralhler, Arthur N. "Alpine." World Biomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.



Stralhler, Arthur N. "Tropical Rainforest." N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.



"Temperate Deciduous Forests." Nature Works. New Hampshire Public Television, n.d. Web.



"Temperate Deciduous Forests." N.p., n.d. Web.



"What Is the Soil Type in the Deciduous Forest Biome?" Reference. N.p., n.d. Web.



Woodward, Susan L., Dr. "Biomes Tropical Savannas." Biomes of the World. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.