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What Your Kindergartner Should Learn in Kindergarten
skills your Kindergartner should know before advancing to the next grade.
Learns all of the letters of the alphabet (uppercase and lowercase) and their sounds.
Begins to “read” books to self, mainly from memorization.
Recognizes several basic sight words such as I, my, you, is and are.
Reads and listens to stories and then talks about stories, their plots, characters and
Follows words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
Recognizes and can produce rhyming words.
Adds or substitutes individual sounds in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.
For example, replaces the “C” in “Cat” with an “R” to create the word “Rat.”
Writes uppercase and lowercase letters.
Writes his/her name.
Writes some letters and words when they are dictated.
Uses invented or creative spelling to write a variety of words.
Uses conventional spelling to write some words (CVC and basic sight words).
Writes, Draws and Dictates about a variety of topics, including his opinion, a description
of something or a moment or event in his/her life.
Understands that numbers represent quantity and uses them to do so.
Counts and writes numbers, from 1-20 (and potentially higher).
Counts out and compares quantities, usually up to 20.
Counts out and groups objects in order to solve single-digit addition and subtraction
Begins to recognize and understand the meaning of the plus and minus signs.
Uses drawings, objects, actions and sounds to represent and practice addition and
Practices beginning measurement and graphing skills, often through the creation of
class-wide graphs, such as graphing favorite snacks, or how kids get to school.
Learns about and begins to count to 100, specifically through a tallying of the days of
school and a celebration on the 100th day of school. (Many but not all kindergarten
classes do something like this).
Creates patterns.
Explore, observe, question and experiment through play.
Learns new facts about a variety of topics.
Explores and experiments with the world around him/her and with objects provided by
the teacher.
Makes observations and records what s/he sees and learns using graphs, pictures and
Plants, animals, and their life cycles: The similarities and differences between plants and
animals; their identifying characteristics (birds have feathers, plants have roots) — and
kids might explore life cycles by studying butterflies and frogs.
Seasons and weather: Weather changes, both day to day and across the seasons.
The human body: Parts of the body, the five senses.
Measurement and motion: Magnets (push and pull), comparing objects by weight and
Social Studies
Become familiar with the events and people associated with U.S. national holidays
Put days, weeks, and months in the proper order
Recognize national and state symbols and icons, such as the flags and the Statue of
Learn that the world is divided into countries and that there are similarities and
differences among cultures
Tell or show the difference between land and water on a globe or map
Begin to learn how his experience in his family, school and community differs from that
of people in other countries and other times
Discover maps and a globe
Calendars that reinforce the concept of time
Books with folktales from other cultures and biographies of historical figures
The teacher leading student in songs and games from other countries or other eras
View complete easy-to-use lesson plans in our Lesson Plan Library on our
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