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Nha from Vietnam has just been vaccinated against measles, a disease that kills more than 145,700 children worldwide every year (UNICEF UK).

"UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. 

UNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and strives to establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of behaviour towards children.

UNICEF insists that the survival, protection and development of children are universal development imperatives that are integral to human progress.

UNICEF mobilizes political will and material resources to help countries, particularly developing countries, ensure a "first call for children" and to build their capacity to form appropriate policies and deliver services for children and their families.

UNICEF is committed to ensuring special protection for the most disadvantaged children - victims of war, disasters, extreme poverty, all forms of violence and exploitation and those with disabilities.

UNICEF responds in emergencies to protect the rights of children. In coordination with United Nations partners and humanitarian agencies, UNICEF makes its unique facilities for rapid response available to its partners to relieve the suffering of children and those who provide their care.

UNICEF is non-partisan and its cooperation is free of discrimination. In everything it does, the most disadvantaged children and the countries in greatest need have priority.

UNICEF aims, through its country programmes, to promote the equal rights of women and girls and to support their full participation in the political, social, and economic development of their communities.

UNICEF works with all its partners towards the attainment of the sustainable human development goals adopted by the world community and the realization of the vision of peace and social progress enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations" (UNICEF).

UNICEF's Mission Statement

UNICEF was formed in 1946, created to provide food, shelter and any other resources to children in need after the second World War.  In 1953, the UN General Assembly extended UNICEF's mandate indefinitely, providing the organization with the means to help children in all UN countries.  This mandate allowed them to combat the childhood disease Yaws, saving millions of children.  With the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959, children were given rights to protection, health care, education, shelter and good nutrition. Throughout the next decade, UNICEF expanded their interests from children's health care to education, beginning multiple projects for the establishment of schools in less developed countries.  Because of this and their fight for good child health care, UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize of 1965.  In 1982, UNICEF launched the Child Survival and Development Revolution, a technique to keep children alive and healthy throughout their development.  With the increase of wars in the Middle East and Africa in the late 20th century, UNICEF announced that one of the largest focuses would become war's effect on children and the protection of them.  In 2001, UNICEF launched the "Say Yes for Children" campaign, with millions of people around the world pledging to take drastic actions to improve children's lives in years to come.  Since the start of the 21st century, UNICEF has helped children in war-torn countries like Syria, helped to treat and protect children from diseases like Ebola, and built thousands of schools for the spread of educaton (UNICEF).

History of UNICEF

UNICEF has helped hundreds of thousands of children gain the opportunity to have an education by building schools, providing books and training teachers.

Children's health is incredibly important in today's society.  If children are kept healthy with proper nutrition, vaccines, prevention of diseases and better sanitation, they have the chance to become functioning people in a future society that can also help to prevent disasterous conditions for children.  Keeping children healthy, in a way, can eventually become a cycle that will continue on naturally with time.

Health of Children

"Entesar Saeed Bamoumen is a midwife in the Roukeb district of Mukalla – and a vital force in the community. Here, primary school students in the district queue for her to administer vaccinations. During campaigns, she can vaccinate some 375 children per day" (UNICEF).

Historically, women have not had as many rights as men when it comes to education, pay in the workplace, or gender roles.  With the building of schools for girls, UNICEF helps to break the cycle of inequality for women by creating a new cycle, one that educates girls on their basic human rights and teaches them how to obtain well-paying jobs and actively participate in their community.  Girls who are educated are more likely to get married later, less likely to have a teen pregnancy, more likely to have a higher paying job, and less likely to live below the poverty line.

Girl's Rights and Education

Al-Batati, Saeed. The Midwife of Mukalla, Yemen. Digital image. UNICEF. UNICEF, 22 Apr. 2016. Web. 1 July 2016. 
Haque, Habibul. Girls Education 2. Digital image. UNICEF. UNICEF, 23 July 2015. Web. 1 July 2016. 
UNICEF. "Our History." UNICEF. UNICEF, 9 July 2015. Web. 01 July 2016. 
UNICEF UK. Nha from Vietnam has just been vaccinated against measles, a disease that kills more than 145,700 children worldwide every year. Digital image. UNICEF UK. UNICEF, 2016. Web. 30 June 2016. 
UNICEF UK. Schoolboy Smiling. Digital image. UNICEF UK. UNICEF, 2016. Web. 30 June 2016. 
UNICEF. UNICEF. Digital image. UNICEF. UNICEF, n.d. Web. 30 June 2016. 
UNICEF. "UNICEF's Mission Statement." UNICEF. UNICEF, 25 Apr. 2003. Web. 01 July 2016.

Works Cited