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Art History Honors 18th or 19th Century Artist Booklet

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18th/19th Century Artist Booklet





























Artist: Antoine-Jean Gros


Davis Hooten


Art History Honors

Napoleon Bonaparte on Horseback

By learning more about Antoine-Jean Gros' personal life and individual artworks, I was able to get a better idea of artists similar to him during that time period, as well as the Romanticism style in general.


I created this booklet to explore deeper and learn more about an 18th/19th century artist: Antoine-Jean Gros. Throughout my process of creating the booklet, I learned much more about both the personal life of Gros, and his art style and how it fit in with the styles of his time period. One thing I realized early on, that I didn't know before, is that Napoleon Bonaparte was probably the most influencial part of his life. Many if his works are based either on Bonaparte, or on is army in combat.



Antoine-Jean Gros

Antoine-Jean Gros was born is 1771 in Paris, France. He started began drawing as young as six years old, following in the footsteps of his father whoe was a painter as well at the time. His first official training came through the studio of Jacques-Louis David. However, David's style of works did not coincide with the Romantic style that Gros enjoyed so much.


From there he was able to move on to Genoa, Italy where he lived for some time to continue his passion for art. In Italy, he was able to meet one of his biggest idols, Napoleon. After meeting Napoleon, Gros followed along with him and his great army and was actually able to witness Napoleon take over the bridge at Arcole. This is what inspired Gros to paint his first great work of art (seen below). From that point on, Gros aided in searching from all kinds of artwork and paintings for the Louvre, in Paris, France.

Antoine-Jean Gros - Napoleon on the Bridge at Arcole (1796)

Personal Life

Gros - General Bonaparte Reviewing Troops (1802)

Antoine-Jean Gros had one of the biggest effects on Romanticism painters of his time. Romanticism is a very uplifting style of art. It focuses on a connection with nature, or between the artist and his or her emotions. It can also be characterized as focusing on inner beauty and celebrating beauty, life, and emotion. We can see this style in a lot of Gros' works in the way that he dramatizes many of his paintings and seems to emphasize beauty in his art. Because of his inspiration from Napoleon, many of his paintings are scenes from battles or of certain events in the war. Gros seems to celebrate victory and exaggerate triumph in all of these works.



These are some of Gros' paintings of combat or war-related events. You can see how he darws the focus to Napoleon and seems to emphasize his glory and make him look like a victorious figure.

Gros and Romanticism

Gros - Entrevue (1812)

Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa (1804)     

Napoleon on the Battlefield of Eylau (1808)




Can be found at Château de Versailles




Can be found at "The Louvre" Museum

    Can be found at "The Louvre" Museum


 [Oil on canvas - painting]

 [Oil on canvas - painting]

Entrevue (1812)

[Oil on canvas - painting]

Paintings By Antoine-Jean Gros

The Battle of Nazareth (1801)


Equestrian Portrait of Jerome Bonaparte (1808)

Can be found at the Fine Arts Museum of Nantes

Can be found at the palace of Versailles

Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole (1796)


Can be found at the Palace of Versailles

 [Oil on canvas - painting]

 [Oil on canvas - painting]

[Oil on canvas - painting]

Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa (1804)     

I think that my two favorite paintings by Gros would be Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa and Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole. I like how both of these paintings look because Antoine-Jean Gros uses a lot of contrasting colors and a lot of lights and darks to both show detail, and draw attention to the important details. In the first painting, Gros details the image so that the people on the right are being shined on by the light and being spoken to by Napoleon and his soldiers, while those on the left are sitting in darkness and alone. This techique helps depict an emotion or idea from the painting, because it causes those on the right to seem relieved and to seem like they are being saved, whereas those on the left seem to be stuck in despair and suffering. In the second painting, the light is shining directly on Napoleon himself and the background seems to be less detailed and less colorful. This draws the attention straight to Napoleon and creates a heroic image of Napoleon, which makes sense considering the fact that Gros idolized him so much.


I think that these uses of color also show the Romanticism influence in his works. For example, in the portait of Napoleon, he seems to have a heroic look and he gives of an image of victor and success. Also, in the first painting, the light shining on the group on the left gives off a feeling of being saved or reborn. The sight of Napoleon gives the mean knew life and they seem to be celebrating this within themselves.

My Favorite Works by Gros

Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole (1796)