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The biography of Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson and His Baseball 

By Justin Boehmer

       Have you ever heard the name Jackie Robinson? Do you know what he did? He became a world famous baseball player. Not only for his skill but also because he was the first colored major league baseball player. He broke the color barrier.


         In the small city of Cairo, Georgia, on January 31, 1919, Jackie Robinson was born. Jackie had lots of family. He was the youngest of 3 brothers and 1 sister. Mack, Willa Mae, Edgar and Frank Robinson. 






      Jackie had many challenges. For example, when Jackie was six months old, his father left him and his family. Jackie then moved to Pasadena, California.They lived on a PLAN·TA·SHUN{Noun: an estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are cultivated by resident labor}.

To sustain her huge family, Jackie’s mom had to take SUN·DRY{adj: of various kinds; several} jobs. In 1935 Jackie attended John Muir High school. In high school he played four sports, basketball, baseball, track, and football. Jackie wasn’t the only successful person in his family at that time. Jackie’s brother, Mack, came second place in the 200 meter dash in the 1936 olympic games.

Jackie received varsity letters in 4 sports. He went to UCLA in 1941. He played basketball as a forward, track as a long jumper, football as a running back and baseball as shortstop. Right before Jackie graduated from UCLA, he was forced to leave the school.


After Jackie Robinson left UCLA he played semi-pro football for the Honolulu Bears. He played for the Honolulu Bears for one season. His season with the Bears ended early because of the beginning of world war II.


Jackie joined the army at the beginning of world war II. He was a second LOO·TEN·ANT {noun: a deputy or substitute acting for a superior}from 1942 to 1944. He never went into battle. Jackie left the army because he was asked to move to the back of the bus and he didn’t.


After the war ended Jackie played one season of the negro leagues. He played for the Kansas City Monarchs. Branch Rickey, the manager of the dodger organization, thought the SEG·RA·GAY·TION {noun: the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment} was unfair. In response to that Branch Rickey signed Jackie Robinson on August 28, 1945.


Jackie was first on the Montreal Royals (the minor league team for Brooklyn Dodgers). The number Jackie played as was 42. When Jackie signed the contract, he agreed to a 3,500 dollar sign bonus and 600 dollars per month.


Jackie got married to Rachel Robinson on February 10, 1946. Jackie went to Daytona Beach for spring training. He went to spring training with Rachel and the Royals. Jackie played his first game in the MY·NOR {adj: lesser in importance, seriousness, or significance} leagues on April 18, 1946. He hit four home runs and three singles. He got two runs by making the pitcher walk people. He won his first game 14-1.



In the 1946 season, Montreal won its league. Jackie had ended his first season (124 games) with a good .349 batting average. On november 18, 1946 Jackie and Rachel had a baby. He was named Jackie Robinson Jr.


In February 1947  Jackie and Rachel went to Havana, Cuba for spring training. They went with both teams, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Montreal Royals. On April 10, 1947 the Dodgers bought Jackie’s contract from the Royals.



Jackie Robinson started playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers in April 1947. He would officially be the first african-american baseball player after he played his first baseball game for the Brooklyn Dodgers. On April 15, 1947 he played his first major league baseball game.


In october the MVP award is handed out to the best player in the whole league. Jackie won it in 1947. When he got that he proved that he is as good as any other player, maybe even better.


On July 12, 1949 Jackie was announced a national all-star. When you are elected a national all-star you are going to play in one baseball game with the best players in the whole country. In October 1949 Jackie was named MVP. Jackie's number is the only number in baseball that has been universally retired.


Jackie was the first african american sports announcer. He announced for ABC's game of the week for 27 games. That is not all Jackie did. He also worked for Richard Nixon's presidential campagin in 1960. 

He still went on to take a job at a coffee shop. The coffee shop he worked at was called chock full o' nuts. He became the vice president of that company. Then he was not only the first african american baseball player but also, the first african american vice president of an american incorporation.

Sadly, Jackie died of a heart attack on October 24, 1972 in Stanford, Connecticut. Even though he was dead, his legacy wasn't. Jackie got into the UCLA athletics Hall of Fame in 1984. There was also a day designated to him. On April 15, 2004, April 15 was named Jackie Robinson day. That day everyone in the MLB (major league baseball) wears the number 42 to remind people that even with different skin color, they're not so different.

Branch Rickey was born on december 20, 1881 in Stockdale, Ohio. He was a catcher for the baseball team of Ohio Wesleyan University. He was also a MLB player. He played for the St. Louis Browns. He also played for the New York Highlanders. He played from 1905 to 1907. He made it to the baseball hall of fame. After that he returned to college where he learned about administration. He returned to the MLB but not as a player, as a manager. He returned to the MLB in 1913. He managed the St. Louis Browns, the St. Louis Cardnails, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Pittsburgh Pirates. He made it into another Hall of Fame. He was elected to the Cardnail's Hall of Fame in 2014.  He died on December 9, 1965 in Columbia, Missouri at the age of 83.

Branch Rickey 

Rachel Robinson was born Rachel Annetta Isum on July 19, 1922 in Las Vegas, Nevada. She attended UCLA were she met Jackie in 1941. They got married in 1946, one year before Jackie started playing in the MLB. Jackie and Rachel had three kids, Jackie Robinson Jr., Sharon Robinson, and David Robinson. After Jackie retired from baseball, Rachel went on to be a nurse and became an assistant professor at Yale School of Nursing. She then became a professor at the Conneticut Mental Health Center. In 1973 after Jackie died, Rachel founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation. Today, Rachel is 93 and still an influential figure. 

Rachel Robinson

"Baseball is like a poker game. Nobody wants to quit when he's losing; nobody wants you to quit when you're ahead."

"A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives."

"I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me... all I ask is that you respect me as a human being."

"It kills me to lose. If I'm a troublemaker, and I don't think that my temper makes me one, then it's because I can't stand losing. That's the way I am about winning, all I ever wanted to do was finish first."

"Life is not a spectator sport. If you're going to spend your whole life in the grandstand just watching what goes on, in my opinion you're wasting your life."

"There's not an American in this country free until every one of us is free."

"But as I write these words now I cannot stand and sing the National Anthem. I have learned that I remain a black in a white world."


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