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The Interdisciplinary Programme in Climate Studies was initiated at the Indian Institute of
Technology Bombay, in January, 2012, as one of the first doctoral programmes in India addressing
research related to climate change. Over 24 faculty participants are drawn from 12 departments
across IIT Bombay, who increasingly apply a depth of expertise in their fields to address the
complexity of climate change. Currently, 36 students are enrolled for the doctoral programme.
Education : To evolve an
interdisciplinary doctoral
curriculum, special courses for
undergraduate and postgraduate
students and to serve continuing
education needs of professionals.
Research : To undertake high-
impact, multi-disciplinary, problem-
driven research for end-to-end solutions
to climate change. To build long-term
scientific capacity and systems for study
of regional climate change and climate
Government : To provide critical
assessments to support policy and
governmental decision-making. To
provide strategic knowledge support to
public and private sector entities
catering clean energy and climate.
Human Resource Development and
Industry Interaction : To enable the
creation of a pool of multi-disciplinary
researchers to serve the growing need for
climate change professionals.
A new doctoral programme was initiated leading to a Ph.D. degree. The curriculum
includes a set of courses on fundamental and applied topics that provide intellectual
grounding for critical thinking skills.
CM 803: Introduction to Climate Change
CM 801: Introduction to Risk Analysis
CM 802: Atmosphere and Climate Change
CM 701: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
CM 604: Remote sensing for Environmental and Climate Change Studies
CM 608: Sustainable Engineering Principles
CE 608: Eco-hydro-Climatology
CE 605: Applied Statistics
CE 701: Remote Sensing Technology
CE 712 : Digital Image Processing of Remotely Sensed Data
CE 764: Hydroinformatics
CM 607: Energy & Climate
CM 609: Environmental Planning and Development
CM 610: Policy Responses to Climate Change
CM 606: Energy Resources, Economics and Environment
CM 702: Law, Governance, Rights and Development
CM 605: Public Policy & Governance
Academic Programme
Prof. Balasubramanian, S.
Mechanical Engineering
Prof. Banerjee, R.
Energy Science & Engineering
Prof. Behera, M.R.
Civil Engineering
Prof. Bhattacharya, A.
Mechanical Engineering
Prof. Bhushan, M.
Chemical Engineering
Prof. Eldho, T. I.
Civil Engineering
Prof. Gautam, R.
Centre of Studies In Resources Engineering
Prof. Ghosh, S.
Civil Engineering
Prof. Gopalkrishnan, S.
Mechanical Engineering
Prof. Inamdar, A. B.
Centre of Studies In Resources Engineering
Prof. Jaya, Indu
Civil Engineering
Prof. Karmakar, S.
Centre for Environmental Science and Engineering
Prof. Mandal, A.
Civil Engineering
Prof. Mishra, T.
School of Management
Prof. Narayanan, K.
Humanities & Social Sciences
Prof. Narayanan, N.C.
Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas
Prof. Parthsarathy, D.
Humanities & Social Sciences
Prof. Phuleria, H.
Centre for Environmental Science and Engineering
Prof. Ramsankaran, R.
Civil Engineering
Prof. Rao, A. B.
Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas
Prof. Rao, B.
Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas
Prof. Reddy, M.J.
Civil Engineering
Prof. Shastri, Y.
Chemical Engineering
Prof.Venkataraman, C.
Chemical Engineering & Convener , IDP in Climate
Chemical Engineering
Civil Engineering
Special value is placed on the diversity of
knowledge among the faculty who apply
their expertise to interdisciplinary challenges
that cross traditional academic boundaries
to address climate change not only through
earth and environmental science but also
through economics and engineering.
Faculty Strength
Cluster and components: Dedicated data-server with computer cluster (Master Nodes-2, I/o Nodes-2,
Storage/Controller-4 nodes, Compute Nodes-20, cluster compilers and software.
Modelling software:
Modelling platforms
System, Urbawind;
Assessment tools
- Aspen Plus, Nlogit, TIMES-VEDA ;
Data handling/visualization -
GrADS, SigmaPlot, CDO, NCO, NCL, Xmgrace, Python;
Mathematical/statistical -
R, Matlab;
Geospatial modelling -
Research Focus
Many sectors and regions in India like agriculture, water,
resources, ecosystems, as well as urban and rural settlements are
highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. Research activities in
the programme offer a firm foundation in many leading-edge areas
related to climate change. A broad framework is developed for the
integration of climate science to impacts (on socio-economic
sectors) and responses (adaptation and mitigation through
technology response).
Centre of Excellence in Climate Studies, Climate Change Programme, Department of
Science and Technology, 2012- present.
The Centre of Excellence in Climate Studies has a mandate to “Develop a scientific understanding of regional
climate change and connect it to impacts (socio-economic, environment, resources) and effective response
(technology and adaptation).”
Objectives of the Centre are:
To build long-term scientific capacity and systems (measurement systems, modelling platforms, assessment
tools) for study of regional climate change and climate futures.
To provide critical assessments to support governmental policy and decision response to climate change
To serve public and private sector entities catering to clean energy, climate advisories and climate services.
Centre for Excellence in Climate Studies,IITB
Centre for Excellence in Climate Studies,IITB
Centre for Excellence in Climate Studies,IITB
National Carbonaceous Aerosols Programme (NCAP) project onCarbonaceous Aerosol
Emissions, Source Apportionment and Climate Impacts, Ministry of Environment, Forests
and Climate Change, 2016-2021.
It is a multi-institutional, coordinated project, with the following goals:
To understand the sources, fate and impacts of carbonaceous aerosols, on climate and air quality, in the Indian
region, through interdisciplinary research.
To reduce uncertainties in our understanding of the impacts of carbonaceous aerosols on regional scales over
India, through adoption of robust methodologies.
To inform scientific communities, policy makers and the public regarding carbonaceous aerosol influence on
climate change and climate stresses, and their implications.
To promote training and learning about aspects of aerosol measurement and modelling through workshops on
research methods.
The project management is organized around a three tier structure involving 17 institutions. This includes a Lead
institution, 8 Associate institutions and 8 field institutions. A multi-pronged approach will be adopted towards
building scientific capacity, as well as creation of infrastructure and systems (for measurements and modelling) at
participating institutions.
During 2012-2016, several high-impact publications resulted from the ongoing research; received over1581
citations in the peer-reviewed literature; research highlighted in the media.
Factsheet 2012-2016
International journal publications
Articles in proceedings of
International conferences
Articles in proceedings of National
Crores funding
Research Outcomes
Environmental Science and Technology
Climate Dynamics
Geophysical Research Letters
Journal of Geophysical Research
Scientific Reports-Nature
Atmospheric Chemistry Physics
Environment International
Atmospheric Environment
Journal of Hydrology
Journals where we publish
Land-use processes affecting the Indian Monsoon
Changes in land use land cover significantly affect monsoon rainfall over Ganga Basin and north east India. The
uniqueness of the computationally efficient framework lies in an integration of global and local factors for
precipitation projections through a conjugal statistical-dynamical approach.
Improving GCM simulations over South Asia using observations from two satellite sensors
A new constrained optimization based data assimilation method was developed and used to improve ECHAM-
HAM GCM simulations over India assimilating with AOD from MODIS and MISR satellite sensors.
Aerosol and cloud processes
Radiative Impacts of Absorbing Aerosols on Clouds: “Cloud Darkening” at the shorter wavelength. Multi-spectral
observations show a significant darkening impact on clouds in the presence of smoke.
Research Highlights
Atmosphere-land-ocean process modelling towards improving physics of climate models
Multi-stressor impacts on marine fishing livelihoods
Using fishing census data of 71 coastal
districts and primary survey in few coasts,
indices have been developed denoting
levels of adaptation and adaptive capacity
of the marine fishing community in India.
Climate Variability: A district level analysis of Maharashtra
Factors such as Wet/Dry spells,
frequency and intensity of
rainfall extremes, deviation
from long period mean
(DLPA), and daily-scale
variability (DSV) are used as
measures of monsoon
Flood risk and vulnerability mapping at city and national level
Over twenty social
vulnerability indicators for
2001 and 2011 are
analysed in a robust data
envelopment analysis
(DEA) framework.
Research Highlights
Regional climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptive responses
Short-lived climate pollutants: Emission pathways and mitigation opportunities
Scenarios of emissions of short-lived climate pollutants from India, developed for 2015-2050 indicate
significant mitigation potential in residential, brick production and agriculture sector.
National bioenergy alternatives
A modelling framework was developed to compare the economic and environmental performance of various
biofuel alternatives. This study aims to develop a modelling framework to compare the economic and
environmental performance of various biofuel alternatives.
Mitigation targets for developing countries
The analysis revealed that the structural composition of the economy should be accounted for in setting
mitigation targets for developing countries. With larger industry share, energy intensity of the economy is
higher, therefore, a higher level of mitigation effort is required.
Techno-socio-economic assessment of mitigation strategies
Research Highlights
The core of our academic inquiry is the commitment to attract and engage the best
minds in pursuit of greater scientific understanding and service to society.
International workshop on Green Finance
Opportunities and Challenges, April 25 - 26,
1st Climate Science and Policy Workshop
(CSPW), March 6-7, 2014.
Climate Modelling Workshop was organised
on March 20, 2015.
Cost-benefit analysis of proposed
technological and policy interventions.
Customized Technology Assessment Tools to
assess sustainable development goals (SDGs)
specific to climate change mitigation and
Development of a decision support system on
a GIS platform to aid governmental policy.
Natural resources data base development and
data analysis through various models and
framework developed.
Three CEP (Continuing education
programmes) offered to assist industry
professionals in improving their skills.
Summer Internships Organised: To create
an awareness about the climate research for
undergraduate students.
Participation in Climate Action Plans at
National and State levels.
Development of a Flood Forecasting System
for Chennai.
Project on climate change in coastal districts
of Maharashtra (GEF UNDP).
Exploring different climate finance options.
Consultation for risk assessment on business
growth due to climate change.
Suggestions on available mitigation options.
Workshops on specialized themes
Decision support research activities
Contribution to human resource development
Corporate engagement
Linkage with policy makers
The programme attracts highly
accomplished students from diverse
backgrounds including atmospheric
Sciences, Environmental studies,
Engineering (Civil, Chemical, Computer
science, Information technology),
Economics, Planning & Architecture.
Assistantships are available from
MHRD funds to the Institute and multi-
faculty research initiatives.
Summer School: The summer school aims to provide exposure to the area of Climate Studies, through
competitive enrollment of outstanding undergraduate and masters students from across India. Lectures and
hands-on tutorials are given by IIT Bombay and international faculty.
Capacity building is provided to students
through international exchange visits for
hands-on training. Students also present
their research at international conferences.
Seminars: The Climate Seminar Series
comprises multiple lectures each semester
from national and international experts, who
present state-of-the-science research and have
interactive sessions with students.
Lecture series: Experts from premier
universities around the world, are invited to
deliver lectures to the students, typically as
week-long series, several times a year.
Ph.D Student Strength (2012- 16)
The Student Experience
1. Adarsh S. and M. Janga Reddy (2015). Trend Analysis of Rainfall in
Four Meteorological Subdivisions of Southern India Using Non-
Parametric Methods and Discrete Wavelet Transforms,
International Journal of Climatology, 35, 6, 1107-1124. doi:
10.16943/ptinsa/2016/48487 (IF 3.06)
2. Baraskar A., M. Bhushan, C. Venkataraman and R. Cherian (2016).
An offline constrained data assimilation technique for aerosols:
Improving GCM simulations over South Asia using observations
from two satellite sensors Atmospheric Environment, 132, pp. 36-
48. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.02.026 (IF 3.06)
3. Bhoyar, S. P., S. Dusad, R. Shrivastava, S. Mishra, N. Gupta, &
A.B. Rao (2014). Understanding the impact of lifestyle on individual
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
133, 47
(IF 1.13)
Gautam R.
C. K. Gatebe
M. K. Singh
T. Várnai
and R. Poudyal
(2016). Radiative characteristics of clouds embedded in smoke
derived from airborne multiangular measurements
J. Geophys. Res.
(IF 3.37)
5. Ghosh S., H. Vittal , T. Sharma, S. Karmakar , K.S.
Kasiviswanathan and Y. Dhanesh (2016). Indian Summer Monsoon
Rainfall: Implications of Contrasting Trends in the Spatial
Variability of Means and Extremes. PLoS ONE 11(7): e0158670.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0158670. (IF 3.23)
6. Harish N., S. Tirodkar, and S. Balasubramanian (2015).
“Experimental Study on Growth and Spread of Dispersed Particle-
Laden Plume in a Linearly Stratified Environment”, Environmental
Fluid Mechanics, 15(6), 1241-1262. Doi/10.1007/s10652-015-9412-
5 (IF 1.29)
7. Indu J. and D. Nagesh Kumar (2015). "Evaluation of Precipitation
Retrievals from Orbital Data Products of TRMM over a Subtropical
8. Janga Reddy M., and S. Adarsh (2016). Time-frequency
characterization of sub-divisional scale seasonal rainfall in India
using the Hilbert-Huang transform, Stochastic Environmental
Research and Risk Assessment, 30 (4), 1063-1085.
doi/10.1007/s00477-015-1165-7 (IF 2.23)
9. Mousami P. and T. Mishra (2015). "Investigating Causal
Relationship between Energy Consumption and Firm Growth in
India", International Journal of Environmental Technology and
Management,18, 4, 346-357. doi/10.1504/IJETM.2015.072128 (IF
10. Mukhopadhyay B., A. Khan and R. Gautam (2015). Rising and
falling river flows: Contrasting signals of climate change from the
eastern and western Karakoram, Hydrological Sciences Journal,
60(12), doi: 10.1080/02626667.2014.947291. (IF 2.15)
11. Murari K. M., S. Ghosh., A .Patwardhan,., E .Daly and K. Salvi
(2015). Intensification of future severe heat waves in India and their
effect on heat stress and mortality, Regional Environmental Change,
15, 4, 569-579. doi/10.1007/s10113-014-0660-6 (IF 2.66)
12. Pan X., M. Chin, R. Gautam, H. Bian, D. Kim, P. R. Colarco, T. L.
Diehl, T. Takemura, L. Pozzoli, K. Tsigaridis, S. Bauer and N.
Bellouin (2015). A multi-model evaluation of aerosols over South
Asia: Common problems and possible causes, Atmospheric
Chemistry Physics, 15, 5903-5928, doi:10.5194/acp-15-5903-2015.
(IF 5.3)
13. Pandey A. and C .Venkataraman 2015). Estimating emissions from
the Indian transport sector with on-road fleet composition and
traffic volume. Atmospheric Environment, 98,123-133.
Doi/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.08.039 (IF 3.06)
14. Pandey A., P. Sadavarte, A.B. Rao and C. Venkataraman (2014). A
technology-linked multi-pollutant inventory of Indian energy-use
emissions: II. Residential, agricultural and informal industries
sectors, Atmsopheric Environment, 99, pp.341-352. doi:
(IF 4.16)
15. Pandit A., R. Ramsankaran and Y.S. Rao (2014). Generation and
Validation of the Interferometric SAR DEMs from TanDEM-X
data for Gangotri and Hamtah Glaciers of Indian Himalayas.
Procedia Technology (Elsevier) 16: 793805.
doi:10.1016/j.protcy.2014.10.029. (IF 1.13)
16. Parthasarathy D. (2016). “Decentralization, Pluralization,
Balkanization? Challenges for Disaster Mitigation and Governance
in Mumbai”, Habitat International, 52, 2634, (IF 1.53)
17. Pathak A., S. Ghosh and P. Kumar (2014). Precipitation Recycling
in the Indian Subcontinent during Summer Monsoon, Journal of
Hydrometeorology, 15, 5, 2050-2066. Doi/10.1175/JHM-D-13-
0172.1 (IF 3.99)
18. Paul S., S. Ghosh, Robert O., A. Pathak, A. Chandrasekharan and
R. Ramsankaran ( 2016). Weakening of Indian Summer Monsoon
Rainfall due to Changes in Land Use Land Cover.
Nature Sci.
6, 32177; doi: 10.1038/srep32177. (IF 5.22)
19. Sadavarte P. and C. Venkataraman (2015). A technology-linked
multi-pollutant inventory of Indian energy-use emissions: I. Industry
and transport sectors, Atmospheric Environment, 99,.353-364.1.
doi./10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.09.081(IF 3.06)
20. Sadavarte P., C. Venkataraman, R. Cherian, B.L. Madhavan, G.R.
Carmichael, B. Adhikary, R. Cherian, A. D’Allura, T. Gupta (2016).
Seasonal contrast in aerosol abundance and aerosol induced
shortwave forcing over northern South Asia, Atmos. Environ., 125,
512-523.doi/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.10.092 (IF 3.06)
21. Saha A., S. Ghosh, A. S. Sahana and E. P. Rao (2014). Failure of
CMIP5 climate models in simulating post-1950 decreasing trend of
Indian monsoon, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 7323-7330,
doi:10.1002/2014GL061573. (IF 4.99)
22. Sahana A. S., Ghosh, S., Ganguly, A. and R. Murtugudde (2015).
Shift in Indian Summer Monsoon Onset during 1976/1977,
Environ. Res. Lett. 10 054006, doi:10.1088/1748-
9326/10/5/054006. (IF 3.9)
23. Salvi K, S. Ghosh and A. R. Ganguly (2015). Credibility of Statistical
Downscaling under Nonstationary Climate, Climate Dynamics (in
Press), doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2688-9. (IF 4.62)
24. Sarkar M., S. Guttikunda, P. Sadavarte and C. Venkataraman
(2016), Indian emissions of technology-linked NMVOCs with
chemical speciation: An evaluation of the SAPRC99 mechanism
with WRF-CAMx simulations, Atmospheric Environment, 134, pp.
70-83, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.03.037 (IF 3.06)
25. Sebastian D.E., A. Pathak, and S. Ghosh (2016). Use of
Atmospheric Budget to Reduce Uncertainty in Estimat.d Water
Availability over South Asia from Different Reanalyses, Scientific
Reports (Nature Publishing Group), 6, 29664; doi:
10.1038/srep29664 (2016). (IF 5.22)
26. Shastri H., B. Barik, S. Ghosh, C. Venkataraman and P. Sadavarte
(2017). Flip-flop of diurnal and seasonal surface urban heat island
intensity in India: Role of land cover change and black carbon
emissions, Nature Scientific Reports, 7, 40178, doi:
10.1038/srep40178 (IF 5.22)
27. Shastri H., Paul S., Ghosh S. and Karmakar S. (2015). "Impacts of
urbanization on Indian summer monsoon rainfall extremes", J.
Geophys. Res. Atmos, Pub. American Geophysical Union (AGU),
120(495-516), DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022061. (IF 3.314)
28. Sherly M. A., S. Karmakar, D. Parthasarathy, T. Chan and C. Rau
(2015). "Disaster-Vulnerability Mapping for a Densely Populated
Coastal Urban Area: An Application to Mumbai, India", Annals of
the Association of American Geographers, Pub. Taylor and Francis,
09 doi: 10.1080/00045608.2015.1072792. (IF 2.08)
29. Singh J., H. Vittal , S. Karmakar, S. Ghosh, and D. Niyogi. (2016).
Urbanization causes Nonstationarity in Indian Summer Monsoon
Rainfall Extremes, Geophysical Research Letters, 43,
doi:10.1002/2016GL071238. (IF 4.21)
30. Singh J., H. Vittal, T. Singh, S. Karmakar and S. Ghosh (2015). “A
Framework for Investigating the Diagnostic Trend in Stationary and
Nonstationary Flood Frequency Analyses Under Changing
Climate”. Journal of Climate Change, 1 (1, 2), 47-65.
Doi/103233/JCC-150004 (IF 3.34)
31. Singh S., S. Ghosh, A. S. Sahana, Vittal, H. and S. Karmakar,
(2016). Do Dynamic Regional Models add Value to the Global
Model Projections of Indian Monsoon?, Climate Dynamics (In
Press), DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3147-y. (IF 4.61)
32. Varekar V., S Karmakar and R Jha (2015). Seasonal rationalization
of river water quality sampling locations: a comparative study of the
modified Sanders and multivariate statistical approaches,
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Pub. Springer, 1-21,
doi 10.1007/s11356-015-5349-y. (IF 2.76)
33. Vittal H., J. Singh, P. Kumar and S. Karmakar (2015)."A framework
for multivariate data-based at-site flood frequency analysis:
essentiality of the conjugal application o parametric and
nonparametric approaches", Journal of Hydrology, 525, 658-675.
doi/10.1016j.jhydrol.2015.04.024 (IF 3.04)
34. Vittal H., S. Ghosh, S. Karmakar, A. Pathak and R.. Murtugudde,
(2016). Lack of Dependence of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall
Extremes on Temperature: An Observational Evidence. Scientific
Reports, 6:31039 doi: 10.1038/srep31039 (IF 5.22)
Recent International Journal Publications