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The history and government of Canada

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Early Inhabitants and Settlers

Modern Challenges

History and Government of Canada

By: Tiffany V, Metsje M, Bobby S, Zach T

A United Government

Expansion and Diversity 

Early Inhabitants and Settlers

About 200,000 native people were living in Canada when Europeans arrived in the 1400's. In the next 200 years population declined due to foreign diseases. Having Canada being mostly inhabited by natives, France and Great Britain wanted to try to take over. During the rivalry, Great Britain drove France out of Quebec, thus leading the the Quebec Act of 1774. The act let natives keep the French language and culture of France.

Fun Facts: 

  • Early Canadian settlers were supposedly from Asia and got to Canada by crossing the Bering Strait

  • France controlled three quarters of the land in North America when Great Britain took over

Image result for map of early settlers population in canada

A United Government

In the early 1800s feuds between English and French speaking communities. Fears of U.S. taking over caused them to work together. Starting in 1867 colonies of Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, & New Brunswick united as provinces. Canada became a new country within the British Empire. Manitoba, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland became provinces over the next 100 years. Canada was created as a dominion or partially self-governing. Canada gained full independence in 1931, but Britain kept the right to approve Canada’s constitution. Britain’s right to approve the constitution ended in 1982 with the passage of the Constitution Act


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Expansion and Diversity

Around the 1800’s Canada acquired land from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean, and from the Arctic to the U.S’s border. The government of canada soon began to encourage immigration to Canada. From 1815-1855 around one million people from Great Britain came to the country. Soon after the French speaking citizens were made minorities by the British. Later French nationalism began to be fueled in Quebecois (Quebec). Canada also began sheltering enslaved people who had escaped from the U.S. Today the major languages of Canada are English and French, and the major religion is Christianity, and around two thirds of the country practices this.


Canada and United States Populations by Approximate U.S. Race/ Ethnicity Category, 2006 - Pie Chart

Image result for religion of canada

Modern Challenges

Canadians focus on Separatism which by definition to separate a country from others culturally, in this case canada from the U.S.  Another modern challenge is the NAFTA- North american free trade agreement. The U.S. were debating on if they should keep the trade agreement. If they do All of north america will be able to trade without tariff. If they reject the idea north America will have to trade with tariff from other North American countries.


  • NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement.

  • Separatism- Separate country from others culturally, in this case canada from the U.S.

  • FTA-  Such agreements involve cooperation between at least two countries to reduce trade barriers – import quotas and tariffs – and to increase trade of goods and services with each other