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HORIBA Institute for Mobility and Connectivity2 (HIMaC2)

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HORIBA Institute for Mobility and Connectivity2 Vehicle Evolution Laboratory VEL Grid Evolution Laboratory GEL Connected and Autonomous Mobility Laboratory CAML Analytic Laboratory AL Download the Brochure Here

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HORIBA Institute for Mobility The HORIBA Institute for Mobility and Connectivity2 HIMaC2 is a joint initiative of HORIBA and the Advanced Power and Energy Program APEP at the University of California Irvine UCI that is scheduled to open in August 2020 Mobility encompasses the future of transportation with the evolution of zero emission vehicles operating on plug in electricity hydrogen and a combination of plug in electricity and hydrogen Connectivity encompasses two distinct but related research thrusts The emerging paradigm of connecting mobility with the electric grid e g G2V V2G and connecting hydrogen with the electric grid for 1 long duration of energy storage and 2 providing fuel for both mobility and power generation The communication connection between vehicles V2V and vehicles and the infrastructure V2I HIMaC2 will provide an advanced research and educational platform to address the critical grand challenges at the nexus of energy and the environment One grand challenge is the development of vehicles fuel supply chains and mobility systems with zero emission of greenhouse gases shortlived climate pollutants and criteria pollutants A second grand challenge is the connectivity of zero emission vehicles and mobility systems with an electric grid endowed with a high penetration of renewable wind solar and energy storage resources A third grand challenge is the development of the next generation of vehicles that can sense and perceive their surroundings engage with other vehicles and communicate with the built infrastructure The initiative will establish the Vehicle Evolution Laboratory VEL to address the development and deployment of next generation zero emission vehicles and integrate the VEL with An existing Grid Evolution Laboratory GEL developed to explore the next generation 100 renewable and zero emission electric grid A new Connected and Autonomous Mobility Laboratory CAML for state of the art research in V2V and V2I connectivity as well as sensors and perception and A new Analytic Laboratory AL with the latest instrumentation in support of electrochemical materials research P2

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and Connectivity HIMaC 2 Using the VEL HIMaC2 will address the performance of components e g batteries fuel cell stacks and engines electric motors electric drivetrains as well as the performance of zeroemission vehicles Through the GEL HIMaC2 will 1 address the design and control of the future grid to provide the energy electricity and hydrogen to power zero emission vehicles with carbonfree fuels G2V and 2 recover the energy from vehicles as needed to stabilize the diurnal variation and intermittencies associated with solar and wind V2G Through the CAML HIMaC2 will inform the evolution of vehicle connectivity V2V V2I as well as sensors and perception Through the AL HIMaC2 will address the science and engineering supporting the development of electrochemical technology HORIBA and APEP collaborated on the design of HIMaC2 and look forward to commissioning dedicating and utilizing HIMaC2 in conjunction with vehicle manufacturers technology suppliers to the vehicle industry regulatory agencies and other stakeholders in fulfilling the mission of HIMaC2 2 HIMaC2 Laboratories HIMaC2 comprises the four following laboratories 1 Vehicle Evolution Laboratory VEL 2 Grid Evolution Laboratory GEL 3 Connected and Autonomous Mobility Laboratory CAML 4 Analytic Laboratory AL HIMaC2 addresses the future of mobility the future of the electric grid and future of vehicle sensors and communication with two evolving levels of connectivity between the three Connectivity 1 Vehicle to Grid V2G and Grid to Vehicle G2V Connectivity 2 Vehicle to Vehicle V2V and Vehicle to Infrastructure V2I Connectivity 1 encompasses a physical connection between the VEL and the GEL for communications and the conveyance of electricity and hydrogen Connectivity 2 encompasses the CAML with communication links to both the VEL and the GEL For example the VEL and CAML interact through vehicle in the loop and hardware in theloop scenarios and thereby physically test powertrain components separately or within a complete vehicle These controlled laboratories are complemented by a robust array of simulation models and computational resources as well as state of the art controls and sensors P3

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Vehicle Evolution Laboratory VEL The Vehicle Evolution Laboratory VEL looks to powering the future of zero emission on road mobility Testing equipment includes a dynamometer a walk in environmental test chamber and a reach in test chamber These three components provide a wide range of testing capability on vehicle powertrains The dynamometer serves to characterize powertrains of zero emission vehicles with a focus on electric motors powered by electricity from battery and or fuel cell stack The research focuses on 1 the design of electric powertrains to effectively and efficiently meet drive cycle demand 2 the performance of battery and fuel cell engines 3 the interaction between fuel cell stacks and hybrid batteries and 4 the enhanced torque associated with electric motors Electrical CAM Sensors Actuators Loads Chemical Hydrogen Mechanical Electric Motor Battery Vehicle Kinetic Energy Generator H2 Tank P4 Fuel Cell The two test chambers are outfitted to exercise the electrochemical power supplies and energy storage of zeroemission electric vehicles whether powered by a battery or fuel cell engine The test chambers provide a broad capability to test electrochemical devices batteries and fuel cell stacks and engines over a range of duty cycles and environmental scenarios Areas of interest include improved efficiency decreased aging effects and decreased cost both in material and manufacturing

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Grid Evolution Laboratory GEL The Grid Evolution Laboratory GEL was established by APEP for Supporting education and research Engaging the market Exploring the future smart grid including next generation smart grid technology microgrids and nanogrids the interaction between the microgrid and the utility grid high penetration of renewable generation and distributed energy resources DER and Assessing the evolving marriage of the electric and hydrogen grids with the transportation sector The GEL has three platform levels 1 Simulation Platform Simulation software and robust computational resources are employed to develop models of distribution circuits microgrids grid components and control methodology 2 Controlled Physical Experimental Platform Grid components and controllers are tested with Hardware in the Loop HIL within a controlled physical laboratory outfitted with power generators e g fuel cells microturbine generators and other DER e g batteries electrolyzers inverters load banks 3 Field Experimental Platform Once qualified at Level 2 DER are deployed on the UCI Microgrid for testing under practical conditions Examples of the plug and play features of this level include the evaluation of a 2MW battery 30kW to 200kW microturbine generators and a 115kW dual axis tracking concentrated photovoltaic CPV panel system as well as operation and control of the Anteater Parking Structure nanogrid GRID EVOLUTION LABORATORY GEL VEHICLE EVOLUTION LABORATORY VEL CAM Sensors Actuators Loads Loads AC Sources GT Hydro Nuclear Battery Wind Solar Fuel Cells Vehicle Kinetic Energy Generator Electrolysis DC Sources Electric Motor Battery GT Power Generator H2 Storage Transport H2 Tank Equipment in the GEL includes an OPAL RT realtime simulator used both for simulation only as well as HIL requiring real time simulations MCC DC and AC buses Chorma load banks a PV simulator and an array of Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories instrumentation Fuel Cell The GEL and the Vehicle Evolution Laboratory Electrical Chemical VEL are connected Reformer Hydrogen Mechanical electrically and with the conveyance of hydrogen Fossil Fuels and communicate via fiber optics to characterize APEP Renewable Fuels Fuels Farm interactions of the grid Biomass Biogas or microgrid and grid P2G w CO components within the transportation sector For example the power generation equipment of the GEL can charge a plug in electric vehicle being tested in the VEL This allows for detailed study of novel power management techniques such as vehicle to grid V2G during which the electric vehicle discharges power back into the electric grid Another example is the control of charging vehicles G2V with smart algorithms in order to protect electrical equipment such as transformers FC 2 P5

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Connected and Autonomous Mobility Laboratory CAML Connected and Sensors Research Researcher A Driving Simulators Visible and interactive More than one such that human to human driving behavior and CAM Reactions can be measured against one another in real time Researcher B Simulation data results relayed into server rack and utilized for analyses or as input to computing resources supporting real time simulation Ability to feed inputs to the VEL powertrain dynamometer and environmental chambers Connectivity technology includes both vehicle to infrastructure V2I and vehicle to vehicle V2V connectivity These are both methods of transferring information from one physical location to another andResearch between vehicles to improve safety fuel efficiency andSECOND travel time FLOOR Connec vity Sensor technology is a wide field including lidar radar cameras ultrasound and more The CAML is set to test each of these as well as new technologies that are introduced One method of doing so is with a scale connected and automated vehicle CAV testbed This testbed utilizes vehicle and traffic simulation software to test and analyze connectivity both V2I and V2V as well as sensor Researcher A technologies for autonomy CAV CAV Furthermore the robotic and simulated vehicles Researcher A can be used interchangeably Robo c Demonstra on Track Sensor data can be Demo could use human simula on input to respond to robo c model condi ons whereby humans control obtained robots on aeither track with CAVs from Human CAV Reac ons can again be measured in real simulated sensors real me and observed by visitors via the track Showcase CAV Human Factors such as these endeavors all CAV behavior which can appear peculiar and oror sensors the mixture of both The road networks Researcher B simulated vehicles and some infrastructure can be CAV CAV projected onto the test area with the remaining features physically constructed This platform combines the benefits of simulation such as scalability and the ease of deployment with the features of a physical testbed Platform data interfaces will enable researchers to work with real and simulated data streams simultaneously P6 CAV CAV Driving Simulators Connec vity Research CAV CAV Researcher B Fully visible to visitors More than one such that human to human driving behavior and CAV Reac ons can be measured against one another in real me Simula on data results to be relayed into server rack and parsed either in Analy cal Area to le or on compu ng resources within the room Driving simulators can will feed inputs into 1st floor powertrain dynamometer

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Analytic Laboratory AL The HIMaC2 Analytic Laboratory AL is outfitted with four primary pieces of equipment which are customized for the high precision electrochemical evaluations that are critical in the future utilization of electrochemical systems in the transportation and stationary power sectors 1 GD Profiler 2 Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectroscopy GDOES GDOES provides depth profile and elemental composition from the first nanometers down to hundreds of microns into samples The technique is fast 10 minutes per sample and can characterize all elements from hydrogen to uranium and has excellent depth resolution HIMaC 2 applications Perform elemental depth profiles on materials involved in batteries and fuel cells 2 LabRAM HR Evo Nano AFM Raman for Physical and Chemical Imaging The LabRAM HR Evolution confocal Raman microscope seamlessly integrated with the SmartSPM Scanning Probe Microscope offers a versatile and reliable platform for fast simultaneous co localized Raman AFM Tipenhanced Raman Spectroscopy TERS TERS brings the best of both worlds the chemical specificity of Raman spectroscopy with imaging at high spatial resolution HIMaC 2 applications Study the effect of corrosion on carbon felts in Proton Exchange Membrane PEM fuel cells and redox flow batteries Develop durable oxide and nitride supports for PEM fuel cell electrocatalysts 3 XGT 9000 Micro XRF Analytical Microscope X ray Analytical microscope combines fast mapping over large areas and non destructive elemental analysis EDXRF with the capability to pinpoint individual particles or defects down to

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