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    Genital Herpes 



 By: Grace Snyder




 Genital Herpes is a contagious infection caused by herpes simplex virus. There are two diffrent strains or types of HSV: herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2. Both can cuase genital herpes but most are cause by type two. Usually appears as fever blisters or cold sores on the lips, but it can also infect the genital area through oral-genital or genital-genital contact.



Symptomatic HSV-2 typically causes painful, watery skin blisters on or around the gential or anus. Substantial numbers of people who carry theses viruses have no or only minimal signs or sysmptoms. You may not notice mild symptoms or you may mistake them for another skincondition such as a pimple or ingrown hair. Genital herpes sores usually appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals, rectum or mouth. The blisters break and leave painful sores that may take weeks to heal. These symptoms are sometimes called “having an outbreak.” The first time someone has an outbreak they may also have flu-like symptoms such as fever, body aches, or swollen glands. Repeat outbreaks of genital herpes are common, especially during the first year after infection. Repeat outbreaks are usually shorter and less severe than the first outbreak. Although the infection can stay in the body for the rest of your life, the number of outbreaks tends to decrease over a period of years.You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD, such as an unusual sore, a smelly discharge, burning when urinating, or, for women specifically, bleeding between periods.










How do you know if you have it?

There is no cure for herpes. However, there are medicines that can prevent or shorten outbreaks. One of these herpes medicines can be taken daily, and makes it less likely that you will pass the infection on to your sex partner.In addition, daily suppressive therapy (i.e. daily use of antiviral medication) for herpes can reduce the likelihood of transmission to partners.Several clinical trials have tested vaccines against genital herpes infection, but there is currently no commercially available vaccine that is protective against genital herpes infection. One vaccine trial showed efficacy among women whose partners were HSV-2 infected, but only among women who were not infected with HSV-1. No efficacy was observed among men whose partners were HSV-2 infected. A subsequent trial testing the same vaccine showed some protection from genital HSV-1 infection, but no protection from HSV-2 infection.


Can it be cured?

Where Can You Get Tested and      Treated?


-  Healthcare - Lebanon VA Medical Center STD Clinic at 1700 S Lincoln Ave, Lebanon, Pennsylvania


- STD Test Express - LebanonSTD Clinic at Rt 422 West, Lebanon, Pennsylvania




What Can Happen if You don't get treated? 

Genital herpes can cause painful genital sores and can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems. If you touch your sores or the fluids from the sores, you may transfer herpes to another part of your body, such as your eyes. Do not touch the sores or fluids to avoid spreading herpes to another part of your body. If you touch the sores or fluids, immediately wash your hands thoroughly to help avoid spreading your infection.Sometimes genital herpes infection can lead to miscarriage. It can also make it more likely for you to deliver your baby too early. Herpes infection can be passed from you to your unborn child and cause a potentially deadly infection.if you are pregnant and have genital herpes, you may be offered herpes medicine towards the end of your pregnancy to reduce the risk of having any symptoms and passing the disease to your baby. At the time of delivery your doctor should carefully examine you for symptoms. If you have herpes symptoms at delivery, a ‘C-section’ is usually performed.



            Follow-up Questions 

What can be done to manage Geniital Herpes?


What happens if you are pregnant and have Genital Herpes?


Where in lebanon county can you get tested and treated for Genital Herpes?


What are the two diffrent strains of Genital Herpes?