simplebooklet thumbnail

of 0




By Emma Feldbaum


By Emma Feldbaum

To Alex


Bubble Gum , Bubble Gum 

Some people think bubble gum is just ordinary. Well if you’re one of those people, you're wrong. Here's why! Bubble gum can actually make bubbles. People in North America chew 100,000 tons of gum a year. Read on and you'll find out more.

Chewing gum comes from the American Indians when the Europeans reached the New World. It caught on, and they began chewing it. Gum in the past was made from sap and resin off of trees. The first people to chew gum were the American Indians and the Greeks. Gum was first invented in Philadelphia.

The gum we chew today originated from many others. The ancient Mayans and Aztecs in modern Mexico chewed chicle made from the milky white layer under the bark of the Sapodilla tree. Greeks chewed the sap from a Mastic tree. The American Indians Chewed sap from Spruce trees.


Blowing A Basic Bubble 

Do you want to blow a bubble with your gum? Well here’s how:

  1. Grab some gum.

  2. Pop it in your mouth.

  3. Start chewing.

  4. Flatten the gum at the top of your mouth.

  5. Lower the gum to the front of your mouth.

  6. Use your tongue to push into the gum then blow!

Hopefully, you succeeded!

Bubble gum has a long history. The first bubble gum was invented by accident by Walter Diemer. It was pink in color because that was the only color dye he had and it was the only color left in his factory in 1826. In the past, people made gum by using thickened resin, latex from certain types of trees, sweet grasses, leaves, grains and waxes. The ancient Greeks chewed gum made from mastic trees in the hopes of using it to clean their teeth and sweeten their breath. Who knew there were so many different types!


Past and Present 

The first chewing gum factory was created by John Curtis in Portland, Maine, during the early 1850s. They made spruce tree gum by boiling the resin and then cut it into long strips and coated it with cornstarch to prevent them from sticking together. This gum then evolved into gum made of paraffin wax. William F. Semple received an honor award for his work in making chewing gum and securing a patent. An award! 

The American colonists learned to use gum from the Native American Indians of New England. The gum was made from resin that came after cutting of the bark of Spruce trees. This gum was the first chewing gum sold in the United States of America. After a while, sweetened paraffin wax became more popular than the Spruce gum because the Spruce gum had a bitter aftertaste and became brittle after chewing it for a while. The Spruce gum was also used to waterproof canoes. Spruce gum was very helpful.


The gum we chew today, came from a chicle-based gum that was brought to the United States in the 1860s. The word “chicle” in Spanish means “bubble gum”. Chicle comes from the milky juice that flows from the Sapodilla Tree which can be found in Mexico and the Rainforests of Central America. The people who extract the chicle from the tree are called, “chicleros” and they only extract the sap from the tree once every five years. This is to make sure the tree continues to produce the chicle.  No more chicle means no more gum.

Cultural, ceremonial, religiousaspects  


The Mayans used Sapodilla tree bark as gum and believed that it kept you from  becoming hungry. The Ancient Greeks chewed the sap from a mastic tree. The Aztecs chewed sap from Spruce trees. Did you know that the Aztecs chewed a chicle based gum and only children and women were allowed to chew it in public because they viewed it as rude? Throughout history, chewing gum was seen as a bad habit because of the annoying sound it made when chewing it. Today people still think it’s annoying.


To make bubble gum you must first, mix and melt a specialized gum base. Next, the melted gum base is then poured into a large mixer where sweeteners and flavors are added to the mixture. After, the gum is then shaped and put through rollers that become closer together as the gum passes through each roller. Next, the gum is sliced in strips, sticks, or tabs to get ready for coating. The gum is then placed into syrup mixture to add a coating. Finally, the the gum is wrapped and sent off to stores.

How It's Made 

Why It's Special 

Many things make bubble gum special. Firstly, you can blow bubbles with it. Another reason is, chewing gum showed studies that it can actually help you concentrate. If you cook , this next special thing is for you. Chewing gum while chopping,cutting,or cooking onions helps to prevent tearing in your eyes. If you travel, you should chew gum on an airplane because it help your ears when they pop.

Bubble gum is unique.

Gum takes 30-120 minutes to digest if you swallow it, however most people spit it out once the flavor is gone. Chewing gum burns 11 calories per hour. 60-70% of bubble gum is sugar. The average American chews 300 sticks of gum per year. The most popular flavors of bubble gum are cinnamon, spearmint, and peppermint, probably because of their ability to freshen breath. 100,000 tons of gum are chewed each year all around the world. Wow, that is a lot of gum.


Fabulous Fun Facts


The world record for most pieces of gum chewed is 98, held by Randy Galipeau from Quebec, Canada, in April, 2013. The biggest bubble ever blown was about 23 inches, by Chad Fell from Alabama, USA. In September of 2014, 737 people got together to blow a bubble gum bubble simultaneously in Spain. Joyce Samuels of Louisville, Kentucky blew a bubblegum bubble from her nose that was 11 inches! Gross.


“Blibber-Blubber” was the first gum ever to be formed by Frank H. Fleer. It never made the market because of flaws such as low surface tension and low elasticity.He then made a gum called “black jack” which is still sold today. It was later improved by employee Walter Diemer. We still chew this gum today.

In Japan, there is mood gum created by a Japanese chemist that changes color depending on your mood. It works just like mood jewelry. It changes color when you’re happy, sad, angry, and even embarrassed!

Wouldn't you want to try mood gum?

While you can buy all flavors of gum in stores all over the place, you can make your own right where you are at home. It isn’t that complicated and people of all ages will enjoy this activity. With just the right ingredients, you can do kitchen science! See below for some great recipes.


Rachael Ray’s Homemade Bubble Gum
Ingredients & Materials

  • 1/2-1 cup powdered sugar

  • 1/3 cup base gum pellets

  • 1 tablespoon powdered flavoring

  • 2 tablespoons corn syrup

  • Small, microwavable container

  • Waxed paper

  • Wooden popsicle stick


  1. Place 1/2 cup of powdered sugar onto a piece of waxed paper.

  2. Place 1/3 cup of gum pellets into a small, microwaveable container.

  3. Add in corn syrup and powdered flavoring.

  4. Microwave the mixture in 10 second intervals, stirring in-between, until it is fully melted.

  5. Make a well in the center of the powdered sugar, and pour the hot gum mixture into it.

  6. Work the powdered sugar into the gum mixture by stirring the mixture with the wooden stick to avoid burning your hands. Keep working the powdered sugar into the mixture, using more if necessary until it will no longer absorb any more sugar. You can switch to kneading with your hands as the mixture cools.

  7. Break the gum into small pieces and wrap it in rectangles of waxed paper, twisting the ends to seal and keep the gum fresh.

Dixie Crystals Homemade Bubble Gum

  • 1/3 cup gum base

  • 1/2 - 3/4 cup Dixie Crystals Confectioners Sugar

  • 1/2 tablespoons light corn syrup

  • 1 teaspoon glycerin

  • 1/4 teaspoon citric acid

  • 6 drops of strawberry flavoring

  • 3 drops of red food coloring

  • Parchment paper cut into 3-inch squares


  1. Put gum base, citric acid, corn syrup and glycerin a bowl and microwave for 45 seconds.

  2. Stir mixture and put back in for 5-10 seconds intervals until completely melted.

  3. Add strawberry flavor and red food coloring and stir.

  4. Set aside two tablespoons of powdered sugar to sprinkle over finished gum.

  5. Sprinkle 1/4 cup powdered sugar on parchment paper.

  6. Drop gum mixture on top of sugar and knead together.

  7. Continue kneading gum, mixing in remaining powdered sugar until gum is smooth and rollable; approximately 10 - 15 minutes.

  8. Roll gum into a snake snape and cut into bite size pieces (about 1/2 inch). Kitchen scissors work best.

  9. Sprinkle each piece with powdered sugar and place in the middle of a parchment paper square; twisting each side to hold gum in place.

DIY Network’s Bubble Gum


Ingredients and Tools
popsicle stick
microwavable bowl
wax paper
1 cup confectioners sugar
1/3 cup gum pellets
1 tbsp. powdered flavoring


  1. Pour 1/2 c. of confectioners sugar onto the waxed paper, and use the stick to make a well in the center

  2. Add the gum pellets, powdered flavoring and corn syrup to the microwavable cup. It takes a long time to pour out, which is, apparently, amusing.

  3. Microwave for 10 seconds on high, then stir, until fully melted. This is a step best left to grownups, as this mixture gets hot and sticky.

  4. Carefully pour the microwaved mixture into the confectioners sugar.

  5. Use the stick to start combining the mixture.

  6. When it's cool enough, you can start using your hands to finish combining.

  7. Add the optional food coloring and fold to combine.

  8. Roll out the gum into a big long snake.

  9. It was pretty sticky, so I used scissors to cut into individual pieces. I rolled the gum pieces in the extra powdered sugar.

  10. Wrap the gum in parchment paper pieces.

  11. Pop!

People all around the world enjoy bubble gum on a daily basis. Everyone of all ages and sizes chew it too. It is the perfect treat because it is inexpensive, comes in an endless variety of flavors, it’s convenient and it last a long time. It helps dental health and helps bad breath. Try and beat that!



  • Hubba Bubba - The name Hubba Bubba comes from Hubba Hubba in World War ll

  • Double Bubble-Worlds first bubble gum.

  • Trident - First sugarless gum that received a patent.

  • -Its name comes from the 5 human senses-smell,hear,taste,touch,see.

  • Bazooka - People thought that the gum was super chewy because it contained spider eggs.

  • Extra - It was Wrigley’s first sugar free product.

  • Orbit - Soldiers in World War ll ate this gum in battle.

  • Razzles - The gum is inside a hard candy shell.

  1. 1.What Kind of gum did Japanese scientist create?

  2. A. Spray

  3. B. Liquid

  4. C. Mood

  5. D. Frozen

The answer is C, mood.This gum is mood gum, created by a Japanese chemist that changes color depending on your mood. It works just like mood jewelry. It changes color when you’re happy, sad, angry, and even embarrassed!


     2.  Does just bubble gum make bubbles?

  1. A. No

  2. B. Yes

The answer is b, yes. only bubble gum makes bubbles because it  contains chicle.


   3. Who created the first bubble gum?

  1. A. William F. Semple

  2. B. Walter Diemer

  3. C.  John Curtis

Answer is B, Walter Diemer. The first bubble gum was invented by accident. It was pink in color because that was the only color dye he had and it was the only color left in his factory in 1826.


The End