Resources & Tools
Racial Justice
A compilation of resources designed to help anyone seeking answers on
racial injustice. You’ll find action items and ways dancers, studio owners,
and parents can navigate this important topic.
Answers4Dancers will continue to support this effort. We stand with our
black friends in this fight. Inaction is no longer an option. It never was,
but now is the time to bring light to this subject.
what is racism?
Racism occurs between individuals, on an interpersonal level,
and is embedded in organizations and institutions through their
policies, procedures and practices.
Individual Racism: Refers to an individual's racist assumptions, beliefs or behaviors and is "a
form of racial discrimination that stems from conscious and unconscious, personal prejudice"
(Henry & Tator, 2006, p. 329). Individual Racism is connected to/learned from broader socio-
economic histories and processes and is supported and reinforced by systemic racism.
Systemic Racism: Includes the policies and practices entrenched in established institutions,
which result in the exclusion or promotion of designated groups. It differs from overt discrimination
in that no individual intent is necessary. (Toronto Mayor's Committee on Community and Race
Relations. Race Relations: Myths and Facts) **A great tool for understanding this:
Institutional Racism: Racial discrimination that derives from individuals carrying out the dictates
of others who are prejudiced or of a prejudiced society
Structural Racism: Inequalities rooted in the system-wide operation of a society that excludes
substantial numbers of members of particular groups from significant participation in major
social institutions. (Henry & Tator, 2006, p. 352)
resources to learn
more about racism e-
The time is always right
to do what is right.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
why do we say
black lives matter?
#BlackLivesMatter was founded in 2013 in response to the acquittal of Trayvon Martin’s
murderer. Black Lives Matter is an ideological and political intervention in a world where Black
lives are systematically and intentionally targeted for demise. It is an armation of Black folks’
humanity, our contributions to this society, and our resilience in the face of deadly oppression.
Why can’t I say, “All Lives Matter?”
what is racial inequality?
Racial inequality is a disparity in opportunity and treatment
that occurs as a result of someone's race.
Racial inequality can also be defined as the limited economic and social opportunities that are
distributed along racial lines. Societies where racial inequalities are high are characterized by
large disparities among different races and ethnicities in such areas as housing, education,
employment income, and health care. While some researchers argue that inequalities exist
because of the efforts (or lack of efforts) of individuals, most contemporary scholars agree that
persistent racial inequalities are a product of what Eduardo Bonilla-Silva (2001) refers to as a
racialized social system — a system that reproduces and maintains the status of the dominant
group socially, economically, politically, and psychologically.
That is, racial inequality implies that access to resources and goods are overwhelmingly
denied to people of color because of systemic rather than individual notions of racism. The
social system upholds racism and maintains a racialized society.
racial inequality
how can dancers take
action for racial justice?
Spread awareness. Educate your family, your peers, your followers. Spread factual information
and share black stories! If you are black, please know that your experiences have the power to
change someone’s perspective for the greater good. Your stories may also empower members
of the black community to feel less alone, to speak out against racism, to share their stories,
and/ or take a more active part in racial justice movements. If you are non-black, listen to your
black friends when they share their experiences and share those stories with your fellow white
friends to spread awareness.
Do your research. Target federal laws that perpetuate racial injustice. Some examples of what
to look into are: Qualified Immunity & Mandatory Minimum Sentencing. Also be sure to know
your state laws and state policies on police officers; for example: are your officers required to
wear body cams? Are they required to undergo de-escalation training? Do they have resources
to rehab officers after they experience traumatic events in the field?
Vote. Use your research findings to elect the right leaders into ALL areas of office. Be sure to
keep track of voting for delegates, governors, mayors, House of Representative and Senate
members, etc. Do not just focus on the presidential vote! *Mayors are typically in
charge of electing State Police Commissioners, so if you’re concerned
about your local police, be pro-active in electing Mayors who
want police reform.
Call, email, protest in front of your leaders!
Demand PROACTIVE change. Ask for things like:
prison reform, more school funding, integrating
anti-racist curriculum into school systems, etc.
Camille A. Brown
Award-winning choreographer,
director, dance educator, dancer
how can I help?
Despite some deceiving titles, these tools are not only tools for non-black members.
actions-you-can-take-to-promote-racial-justice-in-th e-workplace/#11b61fe64a92
resources to keep up
with black news
tools 4 parents
book lists
i’m a studio owner
what can I do?
Do your part to eliminate racism amongst your teachers in the workplace by establishing clear
written employment policies and guidelines that address penalties for discriminatory treatment
or behavior, and harassment and have a process for reporting and reprimanding behavior that
violates those policies.
For more:
Use standardized employment interviews to ensure all applicants are treated the same and set
diversity goals when recruiting candidates for employment.
Understand the origins of dance styles and title your classes properly. For example: Do not
mistake “Hip Hop” for things like: commercial hip hop, street jazz, or jazz funk. Understanding the
differences between these terms is important for your students & the future of the dance style!
*For more info on this topic:
Get familiar with “Cultural Appropriation”. Understand that it is not socially acceptable for white
people to steal from, or imitate, the black community.
For more:
tertainment/archive/2015/10/the-dos-and-donts-of-cultural-appr opriation/411292/
Hire teachers that understand the culture and history of dance styles that originated in black
communities. Some examples are: Krumping, Popping, Locking, B-boying, Tap, African, and
Dancehall. Research the history of these styles and be sure that your teachers are properly
educated, if not submerged, in the CULTURE, as well as the dance steps. This is not only
important to the future of these dance styles, but for the future of your students.
Take it to the next level: Further educate your students, staff, and parents by hiring guest speak-
ers to hold race-related workshops; some examples can be found here:
additional resources
where can i donate? - Prison & Sentencing Reform - Racial Justice - Reforming Incarceration for Women & Girls - Equal Rights - Police Reform - Racial Justice - Equal Education - Ending Gender Violence Among Black Communities - Post Prison Programs - Racial Justice
how can i find
black-owned businesses?
why is this important?
1. Closes the Racial Wealth Gap
2. Strengthens Local Economies
3. Fosters Job Creation
4. Celebrates Black Culture and Serves Communities
5. Holds other Companies Accountable
6. Visibility and Representation in the Green Economy
2020 movie
• 13th
When They See Us
• Selma
• Eyes On The Prize
• Lean on Me
The Color Purple
• Beloved
• Free Angela
The African Americans Many Rivers to Cross
reading list
“Between the World and Me” by Ta-Nehisi Coates
“Race Talk and the Conspiracy of Silence” by Derald Wing Sue
“The New Jim Crow” - Michelle Alexander
Waking up White and Finding Myself in a Story of Race by debby irving
“White Fragility” by Robin DiAngelo
“Stamped” by Jason Reynolds & Ibram X Kendi
“Chokehold: Policing Black Men” by Paul Butler
“The Fire Next Time” by James Baldwin
“Post-Traumatic Slave Syndrome” by Dr. Joy DeGruy
“Understanding and Dismantling Racism, the 21st Century Challenge
to White America” by Joseph Barndt
“Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria and other
conversations about race” by Beverly Daniel Tatum
“Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice”
by Paul Kivel
dance works
DANCE SPIRIT MAGAZINE. Click on each title to view video.
• Jacob Jonas The Company performs “An Artist’s Duty is to Relect the Times”
choreographed by company member Mike Tyus
• Royal Ballet principal Marcelino Sambé performs “I Can't Breathe”
• “ink” a dance film by Camille A. Brown and Dancers
• Camille A. Brown's “Black Girl: Linguistic Play”
• Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater performs “Ode” choreographed by
company member and resident choreographer Jamar Roberts
• Donald Byrd's extraordinary “SHOT”
Jamar Roberts
Alvin Ailey American
Dance Theater
Answers4Dancers welcomes your feedback and suggestions. If you are aware of unfair
practices in the workplace, please contact us so we can find a way to support you

Resources & Tools
Racial Justice