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Effects of restoration and fire : simplebooklet.com

Effects of Fire and Restoration on Habitats and Populations of Western Hummingbirds  A Literature Review John D. Alexander...
Alexander, J.D.  Williams, E.J.  Gillespie, C.R.  Contreras-Mart  nez, S.  Finch, D.M. 2020. Effects of restoration and fi...
Author John D. Alexander, Executive Director, Klamath Bird Observatory, Ashland, Oregon. Elizabeth J. Williams, Outreach a...
Table of Contents Introduction and Scope...................................................................... 1 Region of...
Understand Hummingbird Demographics and Factors Limiting Populations ........................................................
Introduction and Scope Hummingbirds are one of the most diverse families of birds in the world, with 338 recorded species ...
The WHP identified the study of fire and restoration effects on populations of hummingbirds as a key priority  Wethington ...
and Block  2005   Huff et al.  2005   Kotliar et al.  2002   Saab and Powell  2005   Saab et al.  2005   and Saab et al.  ...
The    Fire, Restoration, and Hummingbirds    section below provides an overview of the habitats, historic fire regimes, a...
the Black-chinned  Archilochus alexandri  and Broad-tailed Hummingbird, migrate through Arizona in the fall but their timi...
Calliope Hummingbird Costa   s Hummingbird Rufous Hummingbird In this section, we briefly describe the range, movements, h...
The Anna   s Hummingbird feeds on a variety of flowering plants, including chaparral currant  Ribes malvaceum , fuchsia-fl...
Allen   s Hummingbird  Selasphorus sasin  The Allen   s Hummingbird  fig. 4  is a short to medium distance migrant that br...
Most migratory hummingbird species reduce their ranges in winter compared to their breeding ranges  however, Allen   s Hum...
The Allen   s Hummingbird is a PIF Watchlist species due to its small geographic range, particularly the range of S. s. se...
The Black-chinned Hummingbird nests in riparian or woodland habitats that include oaks  Quercus spp. , sycamores  Platanus...
Broad-tailed Hummingbird  Selasphorus platycercus  The Broad-tailed Hummingbird  fig. 8  breeds throughout the southern an...
The Broad-tailed Hummingbird is thought to prefer moderately to heavily disturbed habitats for breeding and is often found...
There are concerns over declines in Broad-tailed Hummingbirds. Norvell et al.  2005  noted significant declines in riparia...
Figure 10. Calliope Hummingbird  photo  Jim Livaudais, used with permission .  Figure 11. Delphinium nudicaule  photo  Tim...
The Calliope Hummingbird was a 2004 PIF Watch List Species and a USFWS 2008 Bird of Conservation Concern  Rich et al. 2004...
Figure 12. Costa   s Hummingbird  photo  Alan Schmierer, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service .  Figure 13. Hyptis emoryi  photo...
The Costa   s Hummingbird was listed as a PIF Watch List Species in 2004 and a USFWS 2008 Bird of Conservation Concern  Ri...
August. The Rufous Hummingbird breeds in second-growth forests and forest openings, as well as in mature forests, riparian...
Fire, Restoration, and Hummingbirds  Key Findings By Region Southwestern Desert and Riparian Habitats and Fire Regimes The...
Wildfires are the most important environmental disturbances in this region and are known to trigger the succession process...
Table 3   Western hummingbird percent global population and population estimates for BCR 35  Chihuahuan Desert.  Species B...
vegetation in southwestern desert habitats, although this needs more study. Smith et al.  2000  predicted that exotic gras...
along the Middle Rio Grande River in New M  xico. Black-chinned Hummingbirds were more abundant at control sites than at b...
substrates, but the analysis revealed nest success was not significantly related to exotic versus native plant use and Bla...
matrix caused by diverse perturbation  natural and human activities  and the resulting mosaic of habitats can maintain hum...
chaparral habitats historically experienced high-severity fire every 20 to 40 years, although some more southern areas his...
Because of its Mediterranean climate of hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters, the Sierra Nevada region evolved with freq...
Table 6   Western hummingbird percent global population and population estimates for BCR 9  Great Basin.  Species Calliope...
Black-chinned Hummingbirds were more abundant in the burned habitat than in the control habitat by a ratio of 13 1. Anna  ...
Little is known about the effects of wildfire on hummingbirds in Great Basin habitats. It is thought that fire exclusion a...
Broad-tailed, and Calliope Hummingbirds are known to nest in pinyon-juniper woodlands in the Great Basin, so these practic...
diverse habitats in order to promote the germination of native herbs  Allen et al. 2000 . When fuel buffers to protect hum...
Birds in the Great Basin are thought to select habitats along elevational as well as successional gradients  Pavlacky 2004...
Table 7   Western hummingbird percent global population and population estimates for BCR 5  Northern Pacific Rainforest.  ...
Wildfire and Hummingbirds Few studies have examined the effects of wildfire on birds in Pacific Northwest forests. Huff et...
a 125,000-hectare wildfire in mixed-conifer forests that burned at variety of severities across the Bitterroot National Fo...
the Pacific Northwest. Rufous Hummingbirds have been observed in large numbers in postfire habitats in the Sierra Nevada d...
foraging, management that promotes the restoration and maintenance of natural forest openings like meadows across the land...
Table 9   Western hummingbird percent global population and population estimates for BCR 16  Southern Rockies  Colorado Pl...
New M  xico. The study found that avian responses generally only lasted 1 or 2 years, and that many species had no respons...
In mixed-conifer forests of the southern Rockies, the restoration of a mixed-severity fire regime with areas of high-sever...
manual and mechanical treatments to remove buffelgrass, along with herbicide application, should continue on an experiment...
Research, Inventory, and Monitoring Priorities There is a need for Before, After Control Impact approach studies to unders...
4.  Encourage the sharing of hummingbird data among cooperators through the use of data sharing portals, e.g., the Avian K...
resources to flower production and pollination  Fulton and Carpenter 1979 . Resprouting species also tend to grow more slo...
References Agee, J.K. 1991. Fire history along an elevational gradient in the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon. Northwest Scienc...
Baltosser, W.H. 1989. Nectar availability and habitat selection by hummingbirds in Guadalupe Canyon. Wilson Bulletin. 101 ...
population estimates database. Version  North American landbird conservation plan 2004. Partners in Flight Technical Serie...
Brown, A.A.  Davis, K.P. 1973. Forest fire  Control and use. Second edition. New York, NY  McGraw-Hill. Brown, B.T. 1992. ...
CalPIF  California Partners in Flight . 2009. The desert bird conservation plan  A strategy for protecting and managing de...
Contreras-Mart  nez, S.  Santana, E. 1995. The effect of forest fires on migratory birds in the Sierra de Manantl  n, Jali...
Elphick, C.  Dunning, J.B.  Sibley, D.A., eds. 2001. The Sibley guide to bird life and behavior. 1st edition. New York  Al...
Fule, P.Z.  Covington, W.W. 1997. Fire regimes and forest structure in the Sierra Madre Occidental, Durango, M  xico. Acta...
Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station  8   15. Huff, M.H.  Seavy, N.E.  Alexander, J.D.   et al. . 20...
Johnsgard, P.A. 1983. The hummingbirds of North America. Washington, DC  Smithsonian Institution Press. 303 p. Johnson, D....
Kitchen, S.G. 2010. Historic fire regimes of eastern Great Basin  USA  mountains reconstructed from tree rings. Provo, UT ...
Mayer, A.L.  Wirtz, W.O. 1995. Effects of fire on the ecology of the California gnatchatcher  Polioptila californica  and ...
Naiman, R.J.  D  camps, H.  Pollock, M. 1993. The role of riparian corridors in maintaining regional biodiversity. Ecologi...
Rich, T.D.  Beardmore, C.J.  Berlanga, H.   et al. . 2004. Partners in Flight North American landbird conservation plan. I...
Schondube, J.E.  Contreras-Mart  nez, S.  Ruan-Tejeda, W.   et al. . 2004. Migratory patterns of rufous hummingbirds in We...
Smucker, K.M.  Hutto, R.L.  Steele, B.M. 2005. Changes in bird abundance after wildfire  Importance of fire severity and t...
Taillie, P.J.  Burnett, R.D.  Roberts, L.J.   et al. . 2018. Interacting and non-linear avian responses to mixed-severity ...
White, J.D.  Gutzwiller, K.J.  Barrow, W.C.   et al. . 2011. Understanding interaction effects of climate change and fire ...
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