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ED220 Intro. to Special Education

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  • Definition - a group of conditions that are caused by mental and physical impairments


  • Examples - Down Syndrome, Fragile X Syndrome. Cerebral Palsy, etc


  • Measuring - disability shows before the age of 22, causes substaintail obsticale in the individuals learning, adaptive behavior score two or more deviations below the mean. and the disability does not stem from only physical impairment or only a mental illness


Developmental Disabilities

Developmental, Intellectual, & Learning Disabilities

  • Definitiona disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior


  • Measuring - IQ tests (score around 70 to 75 indicates a limitation) or assessing a child's adaptive behavior


  • Adaptive Behaviorconceptual, social, and practical skills that are learned and performed


Intellectual Disabilities

  • Defintiona neurological condition that interferes with an individual's ability to store, process, or produce information


  • Types - Dyslexia, ADHD, Language Processing Disorder, etc


  • Re-routing - finding new ways to look at things can help students overcome their disability



Learning Disabilities

  • Create student motivation by accessing which activities are more enjoyable, or strike competition


  • Give many opportunities for natural socialization and general teamwork


  • Help students generalized thier learned skills into different subjects and settings


Developmental Teaching

Future Teaching Strategies

  • Use short and complete sentences, words, or phrases; or try wording ideas in multiple ways


  • For memorization, try chunking, backwards shaping, and forwards shaping


  • Repeat steps frequently in case of memory disabilities


Intellectual Teaching

  • Keep classroom/course expectations, grades, and core information clear in the room


  • Provide already finished examples if the instructions are specific for an assignment


  • Create activities that include more senses than hearing and seeing, encourage touching and talking activities



Learning Teaching