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Compare and Contrast
Lesson Objective
Students will gain a firm understanding on comparing and contrasting different elements of a story.
Background Information for Teacher
Teacher words are in bold.
Student Prior Knowledge
The Recitals (Step 3)
Student Page 1 (Step 3)
Step-by-Step Guided Lesson
Step 1: Start Video
(Tips: Interact with the video by pausing, to ask questions or discuss information viewed with student.)
Step 2: Teach Lesson
Remember, when we compare and contrast two or more things, we explain how those things are alike and different. This is
easy to do with things we know a lot about already, or with things we can see, such as a car or animal. When we compare
and contrast pieces of text, characters in a story, or information we read about, we will need to return to the text for
information to help us.
Distribute a copy of The Recitals and Student Page 1.
Read it as you would in a guided reading setting, offering support along the way. Suggested stopping point: the dotted line and after
paragraph 14. As the student read the story, listen and make anecdotal notes on accuracy and fluency. Suggested story introduction
and guiding questions to check for understanding are below:
This is a short story called The Recitals. Have you ever had a recital or watched a recital? Listen to the students’ reply. What
kind of recital have you had or watched? Listen to students’ reply.
This story is about a brother and sister who are twins. Their names are Milo and Mikayla. Read to the dotted line and then
stop. Be sure you think about how Milo and Mikayla are alike and how they are different. You may make notes about Milo
and Mikayla on your student page if you would like.
After the student has read to the first stopping point, ask them the following questions about Milo and Mikayla to check for
understanding and to generate discussion.
What does the story tell us about Milo and Mikayla?
What else have we now learned about Milo or Mikayla that we can put on our chart? We get to peek into Milo’s head a little
bit in this section. How is he feeling just before his recital? (nervous, had butterflies in his stomach)
What additional information can we put into the middle part of our chart? Remember, this is where we are recording ways
they are alike. Give the student time to answer and record their responses on their chart. (Student Page 1)
Read through the end of the story. Fill in any additional character information for Milo and Mikayla. Be sure you are only
recording information about the characters and not about their actual recitals. Give the student enough time to complete this
task. Additional info can include: watched each other’s recitals, happy to do well in their recitals, took a bow (Milo), got flowers and
curtseyed (Mikayla).
Look at your completed chart. This chart helped us record information from the story so we can quickly see ways Milo and
Mikayla are alike and different. Remember, this is comparing and contrasting, and it can be done between any two or more
things, characters, events, books, etc. The type of chart usually used for comparing and contrasting is a Venn diagram. The
H-chart we used today accomplishes the same thing, but instead of overlapping circles, we have the middle part of the H.
Have the student complete Student Page 2 for further comparisons.
Step 3: Complete the worksheet attached below.
Worksheets needed to complete the lesson
Worksheets for extra practice with answer key
Step 4: Review. Start the next lesson with the game or activity attached below for review so the student can demonstrate
understanding of this lesson before moving forward.
Art Compare and Contrast Essay ( online) activity
Students will select two ancient art pieces and will write an essay comparing and contrasting the pieces while learning a little art