Bureau of Sustainable Materials Management
STRATEGIC PLAN
January 2021
"Sustainability is an ever-shifting target, requiring flexibility in finding solutions"
BUREAU OF SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS MANAGEMENT
STRATEGIC PLAN
January 2021
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................VI
Goal 1
PROVIDE EFFECTIVE AND LEADING GOVERNMENT
RESOURCES ......................................................................................
Product Stewardship ............................................................................................. 4
Agency Sustainability ............................................................................................ 6
Processing Facilities ...............................................................................................7
Regulations Review ............................................................................................... 8
Targeted Funding .................................................................................................. 9
Stakeholder Groups ..............................................................................................10
Goal 1 Fiscal Timeline .......................................................................................... 12
Goal 2
EXPAND AND FOCUS EDUCATION AND OUTREACH ...........
Education Campaign ............................................................................................16
Education Teams ..................................................................................................18
Sustainability Planning .........................................................................................19
Educational Partners ........................................................................................... 20
Rural Support ........................................................................................................ 21
Goal 2 Fiscal Timeline ..........................................................................................22
Goal 3
ENSURE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND DISPOSAL ................. 
Compliance Inspections ......................................................................................26
Facility Permits .....................................................................................................28
Significant Violations ...........................................................................................29
Sustainable Facilities ............................................................................................30
Waste Reduction .................................................................................................. 31
Sustainable Technologies .................................................................................... 32
Goal 3 Fiscal Timeline ..........................................................................................34
iv SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
Goal 4
PROMOTE BEST AND HIGHEST USE OF ALL MATERIALS .... 
Material Surveys ...................................................................................................38
Material Research ................................................................................................ 40
Program Implementation ....................................................................................42
Program Monitoring .............................................................................................43
Goal 4 Fiscal Timeline ......................................................................................... 44
APPENDICES ...................................................................................
Complete Timeline of Strategic Plan ................................................................ 48
JANUARY  v
INTRODUCTION
This 2030 Bureau of Sustainable Materials Management (BSMM) Strategic Plan marks a new
era of materials management in Nevada. In the past, Nevada managed its materials linearly,
focusing its efforts on waste disposal rather than using — or reusing — its materials and taking
full advantage of their value and lifecycle. Waste generation per capita has been increasing
since 2012. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 4.51 pounds of municipal
solid waste (MSW) was generated per person per day in the United States in 2017.
1
Nevadans
generated 7.06 pounds of MSW per person per day in 2019 — over a third more than the
average U.S. citizen.
2
With Nevada’s population boom and an increase of waste from neighboring states destined
for landfills around Nevada, the time has arrived to place sustainability at the center of
materials management, re-imagining landfills as a last resort for managing smaller streams
of materials at the end of their life-cycles. To combat the increase of MSW generation in
Nevada, this plan identifies opportunities to divert materials originally marked for the landfill,
providing incentives for recycling, reuse, waste reduction, and environmentally sound waste
management. Where the 2017 State of Nevada Solid Waste Management Plan focused on
the existing solid waste management system and trends in solid waste management, this
2030 BSMM plan outlines four goals with an invigorated focus on sustainable materials
management.
1 “National Overview: Facts and Figures on Materials, Wastes and Recycling.” United States Environmental
Protection Agency. https://www.epa.gov/facts-and-figures-about-materials-waste-and-recycling/national-
overview-facts-and-figures-materials
2 Solid Waste Facility Management Database, produced by Nevada Division of Environmental Protection.
vi SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
As Nevada’s primary regulator of waste disposal,
the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection
(NDEP), Bureau of Sustainable Materials
Management will accomplish these goals by
offering technical assistance to
local governments, seeking public/private
partnerships, leveraging existing programs to
their fullest extent, and providing grants to
accelerate sustainable foundations. NDEP will
rely on the engagement of the many stakeholder
groups listed throughout the plan and the
implementation tables. Last but not least, NDEP
will offer clear guidance on how to use materials
to their best and highest use, while reducing the
economic impact to the public and enhancing
the environment of the State.
SnapShot: WHAT IS
SUSTAINABILITY?
In broad terms, sustainability is the
ability to create and maintain the
conditions under which humans
and nature can exist in productive
harmony to support present and future
generations. For the purpose of this
plan, sustainability refers to providing
the best and highest use for all materials
produced and disposed of in Nevada.
"Nevadans generated 7.06 pounds of MSW per person per day in 2019 — over a third
more than the average U.S. citizen"
PROVIDE EFFECTIVE AND LEADING GOVERNMENT RESOURCES
Engage state agencies, authorities, businesses, institutions, and the public in
sustainable materials management programs and help develop sustainable
funding sources for materials management programs.
GOAL 1
EXPAND AND FOCUS EDUCATION AND OUTREACH
Accelerate the broad, ongoing public dialogue on lifecycle materials
management and create a consensus about recycling trends in Nevada.
GOAL 2
ENSURE SUFFICIENT AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND DISPOSAL
Ensure that waste disposal facilities are maintained in an environmentally-
sound manner.
GOAL 3
PROMOTE THE BEST AND HIGHEST USE OF ALL MATERIALS
Investigate methods and technologies to better sort and preserve the value
of recovered materials to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills.
GOAL 4
JANUARY  vii
But at the most basic level, NDEP will be an available, reliable, and effective resource for
finding answers to important questions about materials and waste in Nevada:
Where do Nevada’s commodities and products come from?
What materials are used to make products and commodities sold and used in Nevada?
How are Nevada’s commodities and products made?
How do industries and the public use materials?
What happens to Nevada’s materials when they no longer serve a clear purpose?
Answering these questions can help identify where to focus efforts to improve sustainability
throughout Nevada. Sustainability is an ever-shifting target, requiring flexibility to find
solutions for programs looking to update their energy waste management programs. As
such, this plan is a working document that NDEP will constantly update and revise to fit the
sustainability climate of Nevada. To find the most current plan with timelines and updates,
please visit the NDEP website at https://ndep.nv.gov/nevada-recycles.
MISSION
To promote sustainable resource management
while ensuring safe handling of solid and
hazardous waste.
This plan will serve as a framework to guide
solid waste and materials management
programs and policies at the state and local
levels in Nevada. It will provide guidance
in terms of goals, objectives for reaching
those goals, time frames and priorities, and
roles and responsibilities for implementing
programs. This plan also provides guidance
for local governments in developing their
solid waste and materials management plans.
VISION
A Nevada where communities recognize and
implement the sustainable use of all resources.
This plan was created to showcase the unique
features and talents offered by Nevada’s
communities, whether it’s an urban city, a
popular vacation spot, or a rural community.
Each has its own opportunities to manage
the materials that are used in their location,
and each should have the independence to
manage a program that they support.
viii SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
"To combat the increase of MSW generation in Nevada, this plan identifies
opportunities to divert materials originally marked for the landfill, providing incentives
for recycling, reuse, waste reduction, and sound waste management"
JULY  ix
"The time has arrived to place sustainability at the center of materials management"
STRATEGIC PLAN
Government is the glue for joining stakeholders and communities together, helping
to secure and distribute resources that fuel programs designed to make Nevada more
sustainable. This goal is designed to provide effective government to enable residents,
businesses, and industry to reach their sustainability goals; whether it’s reducing waste,
finding a market for recyclable material, or simply knowing what to put in the recycling bin.
As the primary agency responsible for sustainability in Nevada, NDEP will set the foundation
for sustainability programs and have the ability to establish statues and regulations to
progress forward. NDEP will review, research, and develop existing regulations, establish
new regulations, lead state agencies in showcasing sustainable practices, highlight incentive
programs for sustainable operations, foster collaboration among stakeholders, and secure
funding sources to continue projects that help Nevada place sustainability at the center of
materials management.
To accomplish this goal, NDEP will need to invest numerous hours to support existing
partnerships and to achieve buy-in from stakeholders that may want to become a
sustainability partner. NDEP is dedicated to providing resources to committed partners,
helping build a healthy coalition that works to achieve Nevadas sustainability goals.
GOAL 
PROVIDE EFFECTIVE AND
LEADING GOVERNMENT
RESOURCES
Figure 1-1: Dollars given to recycling grant projects by category.
$47,678 Nonprofits
$25,486 Tribes
$31,647 Local Governments
$37, 858 Schools
2 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
SIX OBJECTIVES
1
pRoDUCt StEWaRDShip
Research and evaluate product
stewardship programs on a
biennial basis.
2
aGEnCY SUStainaBiLitY
Lead the State in creating
department-wide sustainability
programs by creating a program
for NDCNR and other State
agencies by June 2021.
3
pRoCESSinG FaCiLitiES
Create a program that encourages
processing facilities to operate in
Nevada by 2025.
4
REGULationS REviEW
Increase enforceability of State
regulations and statutes with
regularly scheduled reviews.
Statutes: 444, 444A, 459
5
taRGEtED FUnDinG
Continuously identify and secure
sustainable funding sources.
Statutes: 444A.016
6
StaKEhoLDER GRoUpS
Develop a stakeholder group that
fosters collaboration between
the Nevada government, tribes,
businesses, industries, and the
public by June 2021.
JULY  3
GOAL 1
oBJECtivE
1
PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP
Research and evaluate product stewardship programs on
a biennial basis.
BACKGROUND
Product stewardship programs require producers of designated materials to be responsible and
accountable for their products throughout their entire life-cycle. These include materials such
as tires, electronics, batteries, paint, mattresses, and packaging. Product stewardship programs
can provide multiple benefits, such as reducing materials sent to landfills, increasing recycling
rates, and ensuring that materials receive their best and highest use. NDEP will research and
evaluate product stewardship strategies to determine what programs are supported by the
public and how to design and implement them in Nevada successfully.
"Product stewardship programs require producers of designated materials to be
responsible and accountable for their products throughout their entire life-cycle"
4 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 1
SnapShot 1-1: PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP
Several product responsibility programs have been
introduced to the Nevada Legislature since the 1970s.
Container deposit legislation, also known as a bottle bill,
requires consumers to pay a monetary deposit on single use
recyclable beverage containers in order to recapture the
recyclable materials. Container deposit legislation — which
often targets aluminum cans, glass containers, and plastic
beverage bottles — is an example of product stewardship,
where consumers pay a deposit to increase the recapture
rate of the material. Container deposit legislation has been
introduced six times in Nevada — most recently in 2019 —
but none have successfully passed both the Nevada Assembly
and the Senate.
Electronic waste (e-waste) recycling programs mandate
the collection and processing of electronic waste to prevent
electronics from entering the waste stream. E-waste
programs are often producer responsibility programs,
requiring electronics manufacturers to pay for their products
to be collected and processed for recycling. An e-waste
recycling program was introduced to the Nevada Legislature
in 2005 and 2009, and a bill draft request was introduced in
2019.
STRATEGY
1. Take inventory of current product
responsibility programs in Nevada,
and identify and prioritize the need
for such programs. To do this, NDEP
will inventory the product responsibility
programs that currently exist in Nevada,
pinpoint benefits and repercussions of
the programs, and determine which
programs are supported by industry and
the public.
2. Research and analyze program models in
other states for potential application in
Nevada. NDEP will evaluate the success
of product responsibility programs
in other states and determine if any
programs may be implemented in Nevada
successfully.
3. Conduct outreach to gain feedback on
the needs of industry and the public.
NDEP will use roundtable discussions,
surveys, and other outreach tactics
to gather feedback on what product
responsibility programs are desired.
4. Provide analysis and recommendations
to Nevada legislators. Beginning with
the 2023 legislative session, NDEP will
submit recommendations on product
responsibility programs to the Nevada
Legislature in the Recycling Legislative
Council Bureau report (per NRS
444A.070). These recommendations
will be based on research and public
feedback.
JULY  5
GOAL 1
oBJECtivE
2
AGENCY SUSTAINABILITY
Lead the State in creating department-wide
sustainability programs by creating a program for
NDCNR and other State agencies by June 2021.
BACKGROUND
The Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (NDCNR) will become the
leading state agency in implementing and piloting sustainability efforts, modeling the practices
and strategies of recycling and waste reduction on a building scale. NDCNR has two building
locations: the Richard H. Bryan Building in Carson City that houses around 300 employees and
one leased building in Las Vegas that houses around 30 employees. While the Richard H. Bryan
Building currently has a basic recycling program, its efforts must be overhauled to serve as a
viable model for other state agencies. By revamping its in-house recycling and sustainability
efforts, NDCNR is better equipped to showcase its benefits, to communicate best practices,
and to guide other agencies on how to develop their own sustainability programs. At the
conclusion of this goal, each State agency will have the opportunity to create a customized
sustainability program that suits the needs of their building and agency.
STRATEGY
1. Create a building team to develop the
components of a sustainability plan
for NDEP. This team will research the
current sustainability programs offered at
the Richard H. Bryan Building and the Las
Vegas oce to develop a plan to enhance
these efforts. The team will be staffed
by a representative from each bureau
within both buildings, supporting buy-in
from across the division and broadening
input on the best strategies. The team
will develop a plan moving forward
about how to make NDCNR's oces an
example of sustainability for other state
agency buildings.
2. Include other NDCNR divisions in the
Richard H. Bryan Building to the NDEP
building team. Once the NDEP building
team is successful, other NDCNR
divisions will be invited to participate
to achieve a building-wide sustainability
program.
3. Create sustainability templates for use
by other state departments. Once the
NDCNR program is successful, templates
will be rolled out to other departments
across Nevada. Supported with on-
site visits and consultations, NDEP
will design sustainability templates to
help departments develop customized
sustainability programs for their own
buildings.
6 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 1
oBJECtivE
3
PROCESSING FACILITIES
Create a program that encourages processing facilities
to operate in Nevada by 2025.
BACKGROUND
There are few facilities for processing recyclable materials in Nevada. Nevadans produce large
volumes of recyclable materials, but these materials are shipped either out of state or out of
the country to be processed into feedstock material. Processing recyclable materials in Nevada
can create new jobs and reduces the environmental footprint of material processing. NDEP
will highlight existing incentive programs and promote new incentives to encourage material
processing facilities to open operations in Nevada.
STRATEGY
1. Take inventory of current processing
services offered in Nevada. NDEP will
make a list of processing facilities already
operating in Nevada, making note of
materials currently accepted.
2. Target industries that lack end-of-life
management and fill gaps in processing
infrastructure. NDEP will identify which
materials are shipped out of state and
start searching for solutions on managing
the materials within Nevada’s borders.
3. Create partnerships with stakeholders
that influence economic development.
By collaborating with stakeholders that
influence Nevada's economy, NDEP can
create unique incentives that facilitate
processing facilities to open shop in
Nevada.
4. Research existing incentive programs in
other states and evaluate their potential
use in Nevada. Other state governments
have incentive programs to encourage
recycling processing facilities to operate
in their state. NDEP will identify these
incentives and analyze them for their
ability to apply successfully to the unique
constraints of Nevada.
5. Highlight incentives to encourage
processing facilities to open shop in
Nevada and align their sustainability
outlook with NDEP. Once incentives are
in place, NDEP will communicate with
industries and facilities that may benefit
from operating in Nevada.
"Processing recyclable materials in Nevada can create new jobs and reduces the
environmental footprint of material processing"
JULY  7
GOAL 1
oBJECtivE
4
REGULATIONS REVIEW
Increase enforceability of State regulations and statutes
with regularly scheduled reviews.
BACKGROUND
Many statutes and regulations on recycling, solid waste, and hazardous waste have not been
updated since they were first enacted. This has led to outdated regulations and inecient
programs. By regularly reviewing statutes and regulations, NDEP is able to assess which
enforcement options are missing or need revisions. Regular reviews — as well as gathering
feedback from the public — will give NDEP insight into which programs need to be updated or
further developed.
STRATEGY
1. Review Nevada Revised Statute (NRS)
459 and Nevada Administrative Code
(NAC) 459 hazardous waste regulations.
NDEP will review State hazardous waste
regulations, consider adopting federal
regulations, and make suggestions for
additional revisions. NDEP will also
evaluate how it enforces the handling
of hazardous waste and examine where
enforcement is lacking.
2. Review NRS 444 and NAC 444 solid
waste regulations. NDEP will review
solid waste regulations and make
suggestions for additions or revisions,
focusing on landfills and other solid waste
facilities. NDEP will also evaluate how it
enforces the handling of solid waste and
examine where enforcement is lacking.
3. Review NRS 444A and NAC 444A
recycling regulations. NDEP will
examine recycling regulations and analyze
Nevada's recycling rate. As part of this,
NDEP will evaluate how it enforces
recycling regulations and examine where
enforcement is lacking.
4. Research potential State programs
and regulations that may increase
enforceability. Enforcement actions
have varying levels of consequences.
NDEP can learn from other states that
have enforcement regulations that have
benefited their recycling programs.
5. Research other state recycling programs
with high rates of compliance. Many
other states have programs enacted
through legislation that have high rates
of compliance and success. NDEP intends
to learn from mistakes and successes
to bring new programs to the State and
continue developing practical recycling
and end-of-life material management
programs throughout Nevada.
6. Enact enforceable regulations through
legislative and administrative action.
Regulation changes must go through
the Nevada Legislature or the Nevada
State Environmental Commission.
NDEP will observe proper procedures
for each statute or regulation change
as the opportunity arises, and ensure
a transparent public process for any
regulation change.
8 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 1
oBJECtivE
5
TARGETED FUNDING
Continuously identify and secure sustainable funding
sources.
BACKGROUND
The Nevada government is a key driver of statewide sustainability programs that facilitate
conversations and meetings between stakeholders. But such programs at NDEP
also depend on sustainable sources of funds in order to grow and mature. Developing funding
programs is critical to moving forward with the goals outlined in this plan, an effort which
requires stang hours and fees that enable individual programs to stay viable. Currently,
NDEP’s Bureau of Sustainable Materials Management is funded from a statewide tire fee
($1 per automotive tire sold in the State) as well as hazardous waste fees. In addition, some
partners are able to fund sustainable programs without money going through NDEP directly.
STRATEGY
1. Evaluate current funding sources and
identify where funding is needed. NDEP
will evaluate where funding originates,
how funding will change in the future,
how sustainable the funding is, and how
it can be used effectively. This effort will
also involve identifying programs that will
need funding in the future.
2. Research and identify federal grant
opportunities. Applying for grants will
be a priority, and NDEP will consult with
the State grant writing oce in preparing
grant applications.
3. Research funding mechanisms in other
states. NDEP will research funding
opportunities for other states, such as
inspection fees, permit fees, tipping
fees, hazardous waste fees, single item
fees, and revenue from merchandise.
NDEP will then evaluate which funding
mechanisms have the potential to be
useful in Nevada.
4. Create partnerships with stakeholders
that are interested in supporting
sustainable materials management
projects. A few casinos in Las Vegas, for
example, provide funding and prizes for
the annual Nevada Recycled Art Contest.
Such projects underscore that not all
funding has to go directly through NDEP.
5. Enact funding programs through
legislation, if necessary. Sustainability
programs based on fees must be ratified
by the Nevada Legislature. NDEP will
take appropriate courses of action for
each program as the opportunity arises.
"Developing funding programs is
critical to moving forward with the
goals outlined in this plan"
JULY  9
GOAL 1
oBJECtivE
6
STAKEHOLDER GROUPS
Develop a stakeholder group that fosters collaboration
between the Nevada government, tribes, businesses,
industries, and the public by June 2021.
BACKGROUND
NDEP will lead the conversation about sustainability in Nevada and continue to promote
sustainability programs. But progress will only happen if partnerships are working together
toward a common goal. Accomplishing the goals in this plan will revolve around robust
partnerships with stakeholders. It is imperative that NDEP continues to garner support from
outside entities and to take special note of those whose interests align with NDEP’s mission.
STRATEGY
1. Develop communication plans for
communicating with each sector. NDEP
will partner with the Nevada Department
of Economic Development and promote
sustainable materials management
(SMM) efforts through relevant avenues
for each economic sector. This will
involve support for any adoption and
implementation of SMM principles.
2. Continue to strengthen stakeholder
relationships by attending or presenting
at one or more relevant conferences per
year. NDEP has a long-term goal to plan
an annual conference detailing program
successes and opportunities for local and
regional entities.
10 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 1
"NDEP will lead the conversation about sustainability in Nevada and continue to
promote sustainability programs"
JULY  11
GOAL 1
GOAL  FISCAL TIMELINE
Figure A-1: Dates are by fiscal year (from July to June) rather than calendar year (from January to
December).
OBJECTIVE 
Research and evaluate
product stewardship
programs on a biennial basis.
OBJECTIVE 
Lead the State in creating
department-wide sustainability
programs by creating a program
for the NDCNR and other State
agencies by June 2021.
OBJECTIVE 
Create a program that
encourages processing
facilities to operate in Nevada
by 2025.
OBJECTIVE 
Increase enforceability of
State regulations and statutes
with regularly scheduled
reviews.
OBJECTIVE 
Continuously identify and
secure sustainable funding
sources.
OBJECTIVE 
Develop a stakeholder group
that fosters collaboration
between the Nevada
government, tribes, businesses,
industries, and the public by June
2021.
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
Q1
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2020 2021
20242023
2022
2025
Jan. ‘23
Jan. ‘25
Jan. ‘21
Jan. ‘21 - June ’22
Dec. ’21 Dec. ’22
Dec. ’23 Dec. ’24 Dec. ’25
Jan. ‘21 - June ’25
Dec. ’21
Dec. ’22
Dec. ’23
Dec. ’24 Dec. ’25
Jan. - June ’21
12 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 1
OBJECTIVE 
Research and evaluate
product stewardship
programs on a biennial basis.
OBJECTIVE 
Lead the State in creating
department-wide sustainability
programs by creating a program
for the NDCNR and other State
agencies by June 2021.
OBJECTIVE 
Create a program that
encourages processing
facilities to operate in Nevada
by 2025.
OBJECTIVE 
Increase enforceability of
State regulations and statutes
with regularly scheduled
reviews.
OBJECTIVE 
Continuously identify and
secure sustainable funding
sources.
OBJECTIVE 
Develop a stakeholder group
that fosters collaboration
between the Nevada
government, tribes, businesses,
industries, and the public by June
2021.
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
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Q3
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2020 2021
20242023
2022
2025
Jan. ‘23
Jan. ‘25
Jan. ‘21
Jan. ‘21 - June ’22
Dec. ’21 Dec. ’22
Dec. ’23 Dec. ’24 Dec. ’25
Jan. ‘21 - June ’25
Dec. ’21
Dec. ’22
Dec. ’23
Dec. ’24 Dec. ’25
Jan. - June ’21
JULY  13
Education is a cornerstone of enabling Nevada to manage materials sustainably. Terms and
concepts like “recycling” and “sustainability” are often confusing for the public, as they
are not universally defined. Businesses are often unaware of the unexpected benefits of
incorporating sustainable practices into their business model. To help respond to these
challenges, NDEP will become the statewide leader in sustainability education, creating an
educational program aimed at businesses and the public that outlines how to get involved
in recycling and sustainability programs. By educating Nevadans on what sustainability
practices include, how they can participate, and why, NDEP will be able to simplify
important concepts to create meaningful messages and training that Nevadans can use and
act upon.
To do this, NDEP will build educational programs for students, tourists, area residents, and
businesses by promoting sustainability ideas throughout Nevada. Residential outreach may
consist of field trips, classroom and student presentations, consumer awareness campaigns
about product choice, and publications on choosing sustainable products and the effect of
consumer choice on one’s community. Business outreach may consist of best management
practices about production and operation, information on creating products with fewer
environmental impacts, and guidance for educating customers on sustainable products.
NDEP wants to enable communities to take advantage of changes and programs that benefit
their needs. Rural counties have additional challenges to overcome, like the higher cost of
transportation and smaller market availability. Each community will have the independence to
decide what programs have the best potential for success, and NDEP will help communities
find resources to develop plans that fit their unique needs. By creating diverse educational
partnerships, NDEP will be able to connect groups and stakeholders with communities that
can benefit from targeted expertise and help.
GOAL 
EXPAND AND FOCUS
EDUCATION AND
OUTREACH
10 SESSionS on composting at
Clark County Library District Sustainability
Series
5,000 StUDEntS reached
each year at Aces Education Days in Reno
250 StUDEntS at Elkos
Environmental Education Field Trip
$1,000 pER CLaSS for
green classroom projects as part of Clark
County School District Green Ambassador
Program
14 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
FIVE OBJECTIVES
1
EDUCation CaMpaiGn
Develop a statewide education
campaign on sustainable materials
management principles by
December 31, 2021.
2
EDUCation tEaMS
Build and maintain dynamic
education teams that engage
audiences and support all
objectives of this strategic plan by
June 2022.
3
SUStainaBiLitY
pLanninG
Continually collaborate with local
and regional planning agencies to
influence the implementation of
SMM principles into their plans by
June 2022.
4
EDUCationaL paRtnERS
On an annual basis, develop three
strategic, educational partnerships
at the national, regional, and local
level.
5
RURaL SUppoRt
Provide biannual education and
training opportunities to rural
counties by December 2022.
JULY  15
GOAL 2
oBJECtivE
1
EDUCATION CAMPAIGN
Develop a statewide education campaign on sustainable
materials management principles by December 31, 2021.
BACKGROUND
Education and outreach are vital to any recycling and materials management plan. A robust
plan serves to promote waste reduction, implement recycling and compost programs,
provide instruction on participating in these programs, and educate individuals about the
environmental and economic benefits of recycling, composting, and reducing waste. A
statewide education campaign will allow communities, cities, health districts, and counties
to receive a uniform message about sustainability. Our statewide education campaign will
be geared toward the public, businesses, and industries throughout Nevada, especially as the
needs of each group change over time. NDEP will implement programs that stay current and
— through listening to public comments and opinions — implement changes as necessary.
NDEP proposes to inform and educate the public by providing consistent messaging, by being
receptive to change, and by expanding existing programs and implementing new ones.
"Education and outreach are vital to any recycling and materials management plan"
16 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 2
STRATEGY
1. Develop statewide curriculum. A
team composed of educators and
knowledgeable NDEP staff will develop
a statewide curriculum focusing on
educating the Nevada public
about sustainability opportunities
and the benefits of reducing material
consumption.
2. Identify campaign resources. Campaign
resources include monetary funds,
available NDEP staff, and partners willing
to help develop and implement the
curriculum. NDEP will need to identify
what resources are available to begin
working through financial and stang
limitations.
3. Implement an awareness program to
increase knowledge about SMM efforts
throughout Nevada. This strategy
aims to enable communities to manage
materials sustainably by highlighting the
facilities and programs in Nevada.
SnapShot 2-1: ENABLING
NEVADA'S TEACHERS WITH
SUSTAINABILITY CURRICULUM
To renew their State teaching licenses,
Nevada’s teachers must regularly complete
professional development credits. NDEP
supports this effort by hosting annual training
events that help teachers grow professionally
and gather curriculum and resources on
recycling and solid waste. By teaming up with
other community educators — such as the
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension,
the Desert Research Institute, and the Nevada
Department of Agriculture — NDEP offers
teachers lesson plans aligned with Next
Generation Science Standards and in-depth
information to make sustainability issues
relevant for their students.
Such activities have benefits that extend
beyond the classroom. Training events are
enjoyable, meaningful ways to engage with
and learn from teachers, which increases the
impact of sustainability in the community in
unexpected ways. Teachers inspired by NDEP-
supported training sessions have gone on to
start or improve school recycling programs.
JULY  17
GOAL 2
oBJECtivE
2
EDUCATION TEAMS
Build and maintain dynamic education teams that
engage audiences and support all objectives of this
strategic plan by June 2022.
BACKGROUND
Education teams are composed of NDEP employees who educate the public or regulate
businesses and industries. By providing its teams with appropriate materials to educate their
audiences, NDEP can begin to provide the same message statewide. Through networking
with other entities, these teams will educate businesses and individuals alike about SMM
opportunities and benefits. Team members will not only provide technical assistance to
implement recycling programs, but they will also work to keep themselves and others up-to-
date on State goals, new programs, and emerging economic benefits of adopting sustainable
practices. Finally, these teams will work to be inclusive, to understand Nevada as a whole and
be conscious of challenges in the State, such as a lack of resources in rural counties.
STRATEGY
1. Identify internal NDEP teams that have
opportunities for external education.
To create a baseline for future progress,
NDEP will identify internal specialists in
BSMM who provide education. This will
involve conceptualizing when, where,
why, and how education is provided, as
well as understanding the curriculum
being taught.
2. Create and provide interactive and
relevant educational tools. After
identifying who provides education
at BSMM, NDEP will create uniform
educational tools and materials to aid
those providing outreach.
3. Revise outdated information and
regularly provide training opportunities
for educators. Include conference
and training highlights at BSMM
meetings to build awareness on lessons
learned. NDEP will continually research
educational opportunities and keep
educators updated with new information
so training material remains current.
4. Identify internal education about NDEP
activities. BSMM will learn about other
activities at NDEP to provide division-
wide information and resources. This
may include internal meetings among
the various bureaus at NDEP to educate
inspectors about highlights from
inspections in other programs.
18 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 2
oBJECtivE
3
SUSTAINABILITY PLANNING
Continually collaborate with local and regional planning
agencies to influence the implementation of SMM
principles into their plans by June 2022.
BACKGROUND
Sustainability is not possible without effort from numerous agencies, groups, and tribal, local,
and regional governments. NDEP will assist other entities in implementing sustainability
initiatives, helping agencies to plan on deciding what sustainability measures may be
incorporated into their unique goals and missions. By creating partnerships focused around
sustainability, participants can discuss projects that are successful, especially how to capitalize
on sustainable practices.
STRATEGY
1. Identify relevant local and regional
contacts to inquire about current and
future materials management planning
projects. NDEP will identify who is
creating plans so it can offer assistance
and guidance.
2. Assess and understand needs and
concerns of planning agencies. By
understanding the limitations of various
agencies, NDEP can help identify
and overcome individual challenges,
increasing the success of each
sustainability program.
3. Develop or enhance agency plans by
incorporating SMM principles. Once
agencies decide their path forward,
NDEP will help implement their new
programs by guiding their progress and
assisting with challenges that arise.
4. Assist with implementing changes or
enhancements to agency programs.
NDEP will provide assistance throughout
the process to address unexpected
challenges and to enable agencies to
continue or reevaluate the needs of their
program.
"By creating partnerships focused around sustainability, participants can discuss
projects that are successful, especially how to capitalize on sustainable practices"
JULY  19
GOAL 2
oBJECtivE
4
EDUCATIONAL PARTNERS
Develop three strategic, educational partnerships at the
national, regional, and local level on an annual basis.
BACKGROUND
Educational partnerships with school districts, private foundations, companies, and other
groups are key to the success of this plan. By finding common ground and similar goals, NDEP
can more effectively collaborate with these entities to reach an outcome that is mutually
beneficial for all involved parties. These partnerships will also allow NDEP to gain new insights
and see different perspectives, helping it develop education and outreach materials in an
adaptable format that can be tailored and used by local governments, schools, and other
groups.
STRATEGY
1. Evaluate NDEP informational resources
and target improvements needed to
identify potential partners. The first step
to implementing or changing a program
is evaluating its status. NDEP will identify
current resources and list areas that need
expanding.
2. Determine requirements for partnership
criteria. Productive partnerships
need clear criteria so each participant
understands what is expected. Before
building partnerships to support new
programs, participants will develop
criteria to establish defined expectations
and contributions by December 2021.
3. Gain mutual support for partnerships
and develop programs. Once criteria
are established, partners will decide on
a path forward and begin implementing
programs.
4. Establish information sharing between
partners to create a robust, cohesive
program that increases opportunity.
Information sharing provides the
maximum benefit to everyone involved.
Information sharing between partners
will help to continue the development
and relevancy of educational programs.
"By finding common ground and similar goals, NDEP can more effectively collaborate
with these entities to reach an outcome that is mutually beneficial for all involved"
20 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 2
oBJECtivE
5
RURAL SUPPORT
Provide biannual education and training opportunities to
rural counties by December 2021.
BACKGROUND
Rural counties have different needs than urban counties, such as such as increased
transportation costs and reduced recycling market availability. Nevada’s two major urban
counties — Clark and Washoe — have health districts outside the jurisdiction of NDEP that
focus on the needs of their constituents. NDEP’s main jurisdiction consists of fifteen rural
counties throughout Nevada, and NDEP wants to ensure that each receives the education
and training they need to succeed in following sustainability practices. Because every county
has different needs and constraints, NDEP will continuously confer with each of them,
maintaining channels of communication that increase mutual understanding and awareness of
concerns, areas of improvement, or avenues for future endeavors.
STRATEGY
1. Collaborate with health districts to
coordinate opportunities for SMM
education throughout Nevada and to
implement consistent messages. In
order to keep messaging current and
consistent throughout the entire state,
all education partnerships need to
collaborate and create a uniform message
for distribution.
2. Provide information about residential
SMM opportunities and gather
feedback on rural needs. In order to
develop a helpful program, NDEP will ask
for feedback from rural communities to
understand what resources and guidance
they need to attend to their individual
needs and plans.
3. Ensure multiple avenues for delivering
educational materials. Multiple avenues
for delivery —including multilingual
messaging — will ensure that NDEP
reaches the most audiences.
4. Communicate with industries and
generators to understand their needs
and concerns so NDEP can provide
effective training and educational
opportunities. NDEP will obtain
feedback about what industries and
generators need so it can deliver focused
training and support.
JULY  21
GOAL 2
GOAL  FISCAL TIMELINE
Figure A-2: Dates are by fiscal year (from July to June) rather than calendar year (from January to
December).
OBJ. 
Q2
Q3
Q4
2025
OBJECTIVE 
Develop a statewide
education campaign on
sustainable materials
management principles by
December 31, 2021.
OBJECTIVE 
Build and maintain dynamic
education teams that engage
audiences and support all
objectives of this strategic
plan by June 2022.
OBJECTIVE 
Continually collaborate with
local and regional planning
agencies to influence the
implementation of SMM
principles into their plans by
June 2022.
OBJECTIVE 
On an annual basis, develop
three strategic, educational
partnerships at the national,
regional, and local level.
OBJECTIVE 
Provide biannual education
and training opportunities to
rural counties by December
2022.
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
Q1
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
2020 2021
20242023
2022
Oct. ‘20 - July ’22
July ‘21 - July ’22
Jan. ‘22 - June ’23
Dec. ‘22Dec. ‘21
Dec. ‘23 Dec. ‘24 Dec. ‘25
Jan. ‘21 - Jan. ’23
22 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 2
OBJ. 
Q2
Q3
Q4
2025
OBJECTIVE 
Develop a statewide
education campaign on
sustainable materials
management principles by
December 31, 2021.
OBJECTIVE 
Build and maintain dynamic
education teams that engage
audiences and support all
objectives of this strategic
plan by June 2022.
OBJECTIVE 
Continually collaborate with
local and regional planning
agencies to influence the
implementation of SMM
principles into their plans by
June 2022.
OBJECTIVE 
On an annual basis, develop
three strategic, educational
partnerships at the national,
regional, and local level.
OBJECTIVE 
Provide biannual education
and training opportunities to
rural counties by December
2022.
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
Q1
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
2020 2021
20242023
2022
Oct. ‘20 - July ’22
July ‘21 - July ’22
Jan. ‘22 - June ’23
Dec. ‘22Dec. ‘21
Dec. ‘23 Dec. ‘24 Dec. ‘25
Jan. ‘21 - Jan. ’23
JULY  23
NDEP wants businesses and communities to succeed in Nevada. NDEP will be a resource
for both by supporting smart, sustainable disposal and recycling practices. NDEP permits
and inspects facilities that manage solid and hazardous waste to ensure that material
disposal is managed in an environmentally sound manner. This is possible through
inspections and increased education for facilities that do not routinely pass inspections.
This model is set to take on a new level of importance as sustainability takes center stage
of materials management — adding sustainability to end-of-life materials management.
As facilities are encouraged to process recyclable materials, these facilities will need to
be regulated to ensure that they are also processing and managing their materials in an
environmentally sound manner. NDEP will use research to determine how best to manage
these facilities moving forward, and gather additional research on implementing sustainable
practices into recycling and waste facilities.
The end goal: to reduce the amount of waste that Nevada generates while providing new job
opportunities for the public — something that will affect all current and future waste facilities
that NDEP regulates. It will also affect communities, businesses, health districts, and entities
who manage waste, which will increase awareness of NDEP’s presence. Many municipalities
are under pressure to recycle, but it is not always feasible to enact sustainability programs
due to high costs. NDEP plans to raise awareness about successful sustainability programs
throughout Nevada, focusing on finding solutions for areas of the state where sustainability
has been dicult to envision in the past.
GOAL 
ENSURE ENVIRONMENTALLY
SOUND DISPOSAL
Figure 3-1: Municipal solid waste generation by county.
2,637,988 Tons Clark County
486,580 Tons Washoe County
3,301 Tons Storey
67,524 Tons Carson City
4,064 Tons Pershing
86,567 Tons Nye
1,547 Tons Mineral
39,248 Tons Lyon
4,933 Tons Lincoln
26,347 Tons Humboldt
2,664 Tons Lander
31,547 Tons Douglas
1,037 Tons Esmeralda
56,414 Tons Elko
725 Tons Eureka
40,863 Tons Churchill
7,126 Tons White Pine
24 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
SIX OBJECTIVES
1
CoMpLianCE
inSpECtionS
Ensure compliance by conducting
inspections as defined by solid and
hazardous waste regulations.
Statutes: 444.57
2
FaCiLitY pERMitS
Ensure permit review and renewal
is adequate to help permitted
facilities comply with regulatory
requirements.
Statutes: 444.58
3
SiGniFiCant vioLationS
Identify violators of solid and
hazardous waste regulations and
permit conditions by December
2023.
Statutes: 459.56
4
SUStainaBLE FaCiLitiES
Implement review process of
sustainable waste management
facilities and helpful
technologiesby December 2022.
5
WaStE REDUCtion
Decrease generation and increase
diversion of solid and hazardous
waste by June 2024.
6
SUStainaBLE
tEChnoLoGY
Collect baseline data for
sustainable materials technologies
to ensure proper disposal of
solid and hazardous waste by
September 2023.
JULY  25
GOAL 3
oBJECtivE
1
COMPLIANCE INSPECTIONS
Improve compliance by conducting inspections as
defined by solid and hazardous waste regulations.
BACKGROUND
NDEP conducts inspections to ensure that solid and hazardous waste facilities are in
compliance with State statutes and regulations. Inspections are often the only direct contact
between NDEP and facilities across Nevada. When issues arise during inspections, NDEP
inspectors can be proactive in offering potential solutions. Regular inspections enable NDEP
to identify non-compliance issues early, as well as providing additional opportunities to
educate facilities about incorporating sustainable practices into their operations.
SnapShot 3-1: SUPPORTING
SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH
INSPECTIONS
Hazardous and solid waste inspections are
often an opportunity to help businesses
manage waste streams in a more sustainable
manner. In one case, a reverse logistics facility
that receives damaged household cleaning
products from the manufacturer received a
large quantity of bleach that would ultimately
have to be disposed as hazardous waste. This
would have made the facility a Large Quantity
Generator of hazardous waste.
NDEP staff suggested during an inspection
that this material may be donated as usable
product to a facility with an industrial laundry.
The bleach was then donated to a prison
facility. While the generator was not paid for
the product, donating the bleach removed
the cost of disposal and reduced the facility
generator status. The result was a win-win for
both facilities, and the amount of hazardous
waste generated at the facility was reduced.
26 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 3
STRATEGY
1. Inform solid and hazardous waste
facilities on the benefits of minimizing
waste.
Part A: By citing current regulations and
statutes, NDEP can educate facilities on
waste reduction, which may encourage
facilities to reduce the amount of
hazardous waste generated in Nevada.
Part B: NDEP will work with facilities to
divert nonsalable products to avoid waste
generation. Diverting usable materials
to other sources will eliminate an
unnecessary waste stream and increase
the life-cycle of materials.
2. To increase compliance, conduct
inspections within 90 days after a
facility obtains a new EPA identification
number, regardless of the generator
status. Quarterly inspections on all new
reporting facilities will enable operators
to understand what regulations apply
to their facility and establish a point of
contact in NDEP’s regulation team.
3. Respond to all solid and hazardous
waste complaints within 10 business
days. Responding to complaints in a
timely manner will ensure that NDEP
reduces environmental harm and brings
potential violations into compliance
expediently.
4. Inspect all notified Large Quantity
Generators every two years.
5. Maintain inspections of all Small
Quantity Generators with a maximum
of four years between inspections.
6. Conduct annual inspections of solid
waste facilities.
7. Annually inspect facilities permitted
under the Resource Conservation
and Recovery Act (RCRA). Conduct
respective compliance inspections at
RCRA-permitted facilities.
8. Conduct joint inspections with Region
9 of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, health districts, tribes, and fire
marshals — as warranted. By conducting
joint inspections with external agencies,
NDEP provides a uniform front to
facilities and increases communication
among agency partners.
9. Annually evaluate stang needs
compared to inspection workload. To
ensure that all goals are met, stang will
need to be adjusted to ensure that NDEP
completes inspections and issues permits
within the allotted time frame.
"Diverting usable materials to other sources will eliminate an unnecessary waste
stream and increase the life-cycle of materials"
JULY  27
GOAL 3
oBJECtivE
2
FACILITY PERMITS
Ensure that permit review and renewal is adequate
to help permitted facilities comply with regulatory
requirements.
BACKGROUND
Facilities are bound by their permit conditions, and ensuring that facilities are given permits
on a timely basis — with the correct information per statute and regulation to conduct their
business — will increase facility awareness about their operating conditions. In addition,
new permit conditions can be developed in the future to encourage sustainable practices
within waste processing facilities. NDEP will continue to review, expand, and make available
to the public information about solid waste management facilities, promoting transparency
and ensuring that facilities feel compelled by their communities to comply with regulatory
requirements.
STRATEGY
1. Move from a five-year renewal cycle on
permitted hazardous waste facilities
to a 10-year cycle. During the 2019
legislative session, Nevada Senate Bill 442
amended Nevada Revised Statute 459.520
to align with the federal regulations that
require a 10-year renewal cycle.
2. Review solid waste permits for reported
and unreported changes on a five-year
cycle. Specifically, NDEP will:
Research other states' mandated
training requirements for landfill
operators.
Update training for rural counties.
Review the plan of operations for
each landfill during solid waste
inspections.
Review and update solid waste
permits when a facility changes their
operations.
3. Address completed permit applications
and modifications for solid and
hazardous waste to follow regulatory
time frames. Regulatory timelines
ensure that NDEP provides permits on
a timely basis and helps facilities know
when to expect receipt of their permit
for operations. As part of this, NDEP will
follow Nevada’s public notice policies.
4. Add reporting requirement for recycling
tonnage in facility permits. This may
involve adding more categories — such
as scrap metal, glass, and tires — to
capture facility recycling, allowing NDEP
to capture more recycling data to refine
Nevada’s estimated recycling rate.
5. Develop training requirements for
operators. Training opportunities
are instrumental for optimal facility
operations. To increase the adoption
of best management practices
by facilities, NDEP will look into
certifications for landfill operation
managers.
28 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 3
oBJECtivE
3
SIGNIFICANT VIOLATIONS
Identify violators of solid and hazardous waste
regulations and permit conditions by December 2023.
BACKGROUND
Facilities that significantly violate regulations and permit conditions damage the environment
and put public health and safety at risk by improperly managing their waste streams. NDEP
is committed to ensuring that waste in Nevada is disposed of in facilities that are designed,
built, and managed in a manner that avoids such risks. However, some facilities are simply
unaware of the regulations they are bound to. For this reason, promoting compliance and
regulations may increase environmental protection in Nevada. By increasing inspections and
providing enforcement for out-of-compliance facilities, NDEP inspectors can help ensure that
all environmental regulations are followed.
STRATEGY
1. Identify non-notifying hazardous waste
generators. Hazardous waste generators
may not notify for a variety of reasons:
they may be unaware of regulations;
they may be confused about when and
when not to notify; or they may make
a conscious decision not to notify.
Identifying non-notifying generators
will help NDEP promote regulatory
compliance to the public and retail
businesses across Nevada.
2. Increase exploratory inspections of
non-notifying facilities. NDEP will
increase exploratory inspections to find
non-notifying facilities and enhance
compliance through enforcement.
3. Increase frequency of inspections
for significant non-compliers and
recalcitrant generators of hazardous
waste. NDEP inspectors will increase
the frequency of inspections at non-
compliant facilities. By issuing penalties
where necessary, NDEP can reduce
environmental impacts and protect public
health and safety.
4. Develop guidance documents for
notification. NDEP will develop guidance
documents that explain the importance
of facilities notifying as hazardous waste
generators. These guidance documents
will be provided to partnering State
and local business licensing authorities,
city inspectors, and health districts for
broader distribution.
"Identifying non-notifying generators will help NDEP promote regulatory compliance
to the public and retail businesses across Nevada"
JULY  29
GOAL 3
oBJECtivE
4
SUSTAINABLE FACILITIES
Implement review process of sustainable waste
management facilities and helpful technologies by
December 2022.
BACKGROUND
In the future, Nevada will see an increase in the number of sustainable facilities that require
regulation and support. Technologies that allow materials to be reused continue to emerge
with new research and developments, leading to a multitude of new facilities. NDEP
will implement a process to review regulation criteria and determine what constitutes a
sustainable facility. NDEP will support new material processing facilities that protect the
environment, employees, and public health and safety.
STRATEGY
1. Determine if a state-purchased
shredder or metal baler is financially
feasible to assist Nevada landfills in
increasing transportation of recycled
materials. Many rural counties have
expressed interest in using a State-
purchased shredder or metal baler to use
in their facilities to reduce the amount
of material — such as metal and tires
— that is stockpiled before it is sent for
recycling.
2. Seek out sustainable materials
management training for NDEP
inspectors through the Solid Waste
Association of North America (SWANA).
Training opportunities will make NDEP
inspectors aware of best management
practices that they can bring with them
to inspections.
3. Seek out sustainable materials
management training for facilities
through SWANA and other resources.
Training makes facility operators aware of
best management practices that they can
implement at their facilities.
4. Target industry-specific sectors
with opportunities for sector-wide
sustainability, including possible
application and approval of facilities
to operate. NDEP will define criteria
for recycling and sustainability to ensure
that facilities employ best management
practices. NDEP inspectors will be
trained to accurately identify and
regulate such facilities.
30 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 3
oBJECtivE
5
WASTE REDUCTION
Decrease waste generation and increase diversion of
solid and hazardous waste by June 2024.
BACKGROUND
NDEP intends to strengthen and refine Nevada’s current waste diversion operations by
generating a significant number of end-of-life alternatives for materials. It will also examine
emerging technologies for their potential for creating new business opportunities in Nevada.
Decreasing the generation of solid and hazardous waste will be beneficial for the public and
facilities alike. Facilities will have less waste to manage, which expands the life of landfills and
reduces costs for operating equipment and managing facilities.
STRATEGY
1. Community buy-in directed by the
State to carry more weight. In leading
by example, NDEP will make waste
management and sustainability a priority
and incentivize the growth of new
materials management opportunities in
Nevada.
2. Increase diversion to increase lifespan
of landfills. NDEP will promote the
various benefits of sustainability —
including increasing the lifespan of
landfills — which will reduce the tax
burden on the public.
3. Develop partnerships with waste
haulers and discuss franchise
agreements. Waste haulers are at the
forefront of reaching local residents
and providing waste hauling services.
Franchise agreements are critical for
providing opportunities for sustainability
in Nevada's communities. By sharing
successes and lessons learned from city
and county waste franchise agreements,
NDEP will improve the options available
to communities for franchise agreements.
"Waste haulers are at the forefront of reaching local residents and providing waste
hauling services, and franchise agreements are critical for providing opportunities for
sustainability in Nevadas communities"
JULY  31
GOAL 3
oBJECtivE
6
SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES
Collect baseline data for sustainable materials
technologies to ensure proper disposal of solid and
hazardous waste by September 2023.
BACKGROUND
Identifying new and ecient ways to divert solid waste from Nevada’s landfills is a major
step in assisting Nevada in reaching its 25 percent recycling goal. Locating, developing, and
implementing innovative technologies also enables facilities to incorporate sustainable
practices into their processes effectively and eciently. However, local governments and
facilities may have little information when evaluating the potential or applicability of new
technologies offered by proponents of waste reduction and recycling technologies. NDEP will
research and evaluate available sustainability technologies, identifying how they may benefit
particular facilities.
STRATEGY
1. Identify the benefits of using
sustainable materials technologies.
NDEP will identify potential benefits to
bring forward to facility operators.
2. Review methods to collect data on
waste generation and disposal. NDEP
will identify best methods to capture
data about waste that is generated and
disposed of in Nevada to help identify
which waste streams can benefit most
from technologies and new processing
facilities.
3. Identify and share grant opportunities
for facilities. Finances play an important
role in many public and private waste
management facilities. NDEP will share
financial opportunities for facilities in
Nevada to enable facilities to improve
their sustainable practices.
32 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 3
"Locating, developing, and implementing innovative technologies also enables facilities
to incorporate sustainable practices into their processes effectively and eciently"
JULY  33
GOAL 3
GOAL  FISCAL TIMELINE
Figure A-3: Dates are by fiscal year (from July to June) rather than calendar year (from January to
December).
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJECTIVE 
To improve compliance,
conduct inspections as
defined by solid and
hazardous waste regulations.
OBJECTIVE 
Ensure that permit review
and renewal is adequate to
ensure that permitted
facilities comply with
regulatory requirements.
OBJECTIVE 
Identify violators of solid and
hazardous waste regulations
and permit conditions by
December 2023.
OBJECTIVE 
Implement review process of
sustainable materials and
recycling facilities by
December 2022.
OBJECTIVE 
Collect baseline data for
sustainable materials
technologies to ensure proper
disposal of solid and
hazardous waste by
September 2023.
OBJECTIVE 
Decrease generation of solid
and hazardous waste June
2024.
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q2
Q3
Q4
2020 2021
20242023
2022
2025
Jan. ‘21 - Sep. ’23
June ’24
Dec. ‘21 Dec. ‘22
Dec. ‘23
Dec. ‘24
Dec. ‘21 Dec. ‘22
Dec. ‘23
Dec. ‘24
Jan. ‘21 - June ’23
Dec. ‘23
Dec. ‘24 Dec. ‘25
Jan. ‘21 - Dec. ’22
Dec. ‘25
Dec. ‘25
34 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 3
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OBJECTIVE 
To improve compliance,
conduct inspections as
defined by solid and
hazardous waste regulations.
OBJECTIVE 
Ensure that permit review
and renewal is adequate to
ensure that permitted
facilities comply with
regulatory requirements.
OBJECTIVE 
Identify violators of solid and
hazardous waste regulations
and permit conditions by
December 2023.
OBJECTIVE 
Implement review process of
sustainable materials and
recycling facilities by
December 2022.
OBJECTIVE 
Collect baseline data for
sustainable materials
technologies to ensure proper
disposal of solid and
hazardous waste by
September 2023.
OBJECTIVE 
Decrease generation of solid
and hazardous waste June
2024.
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2020 2021
20242023
2022
2025
Jan. ‘21 - Sep. ’23
June ’24
Dec. ‘21 Dec. ‘22
Dec. ‘23
Dec. ‘24
Dec. ‘21 Dec. ‘22
Dec. ‘23
Dec. ‘24
Jan. ‘21 - June ’23
Dec. ‘23
Dec. ‘24 Dec. ‘25
Jan. ‘21 - Dec. ’22
Dec. ‘25
Dec. ‘25
JULY  35
Nevada’s businesses, industries, and consumer habits hinge on specialized materials, like
polyethylene for plastic packaging, copper hardware for smart phones, and cotton fabric
for jeans. In most cases, however, these materials are discarded even though they retain
properties valuable for other products and processes. How these materials are managed
before and after they are put to use shapes their environmental footprint — be it carbon
emissions, water usage, or plastic pollution.
To understand how to minimize the environmental impact of materials, NDEP will survey
the materials employed across Nevada so it can develop programs that target specific waste
streams and create value for objects currently sent to landfills. Primarily, this would mean
recycling materials from products that have fulfilled their original use or that have already
been reused for alternative purposes. Once NDEP has surveyed the composition of materials
in Nevada, it will research how best to manage the impact of materials during their life-cycles.
Through guidance and partnerships with various industries, NDEP can support programs that
innovate how Nevada employs its materials.
GOAL 
PROMOTE BEST AND
HIGHEST USE OF ALL
MATERIALS
"Through guidance and partnerships with various industries, NDEP can support
programs that innovate how Nevada employs its materials"
36 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
FOUR OBJECTIVES
1
MatERiaL SURvEYS
Conduct biennial research on
materials management in Nevada
to provide ongoing guidance
on future SMM activities by
December 2021.
2
MatERiaL RESEaRCh
On a five-year cycle, investigate
current research in SMM to
identify technical challenges in
reduction, reuse, and recycling.
3
pRoGRaM
iMpLEMEntation
Annually develop, implement, and
review programs to reduce waste
and increase diversion of priority
materials by September 2023.
4
pRoGRaM MonitoRinG
Collaborate with industries in
Nevada to assess and annually
monitor and improve rates of
reduction, reuse, recycling, and
diversion of priority materials by
January 2024.
JULY  37
GOAL 4
oBJECtivE
1
MATERIAL SURVEYS
Conduct biennial research on materials management
in Nevada to provide ongoing guidance on future SMM
activities by December 2021.
BACKGROUND
Every material carries a range of factors with it that shape its waste and carbon footprint. A
SMM systems approach considers these factors to determine how source reduction, reuse,
re-manufacturing, recycling, and composting may make such materials more sustainable. This
approach may be further enhanced through other strategies, like upstream redesign, clean
manufacturing practices, extended producer responsibility systems, and environmentally
preferable purchasing policies. NDEP will conduct research to survey the materials present
throughout Nevada, working to understand how individual materials may be sustainably
managed across their life-cycles.
STRATEGY
1. Research available sources of data on
overall material usage, production, and
import/export in Nevada to identify
priority materials. To do this, NDEP
will contact appropriate industries, in
order to investigate a variety of food and
consumer products and create a list of
priority materials.
2. Contact generators, collectors, and
recyclers for data on rates and final
dispositions of recycling and reuse for
priority materials; review the evaluation
list quarterly. NDEP will investigate the
reuse of construction materials, contact
collectors to review data, and research
the final recycling stage.
38 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 4
"NDEP will conduct research to survey the materials present throughout Nevada,
working to understand how individual materials may be sustainably managed across
their life-cycles"
JULY  39
GOAL 4
oBJECtivE
2
MATERIAL RESEARCH
On a five-year cycle, investigate current research in
SMM to identify technical challenges in reduction, reuse,
and recycling.
BACKGROUND
Priority materials — identified in Objective 1 of this goal — need to be managed at their best
and highest use to achieve measurable sustainability benefits. To improve rates of material use,
NDEP will schedule meetings with educators and students to identify innovative concepts in
managing waste.
"Of the waste that is diverted from landfills in Nevada, 30 percent is organic material
like leftover food, yard debris, branches, lawn clippings, and even palm branches"
40 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 4
SnapShot 4-1: DIVERTING ORGANIC
WASTE
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates
that 40.7 million tons of food waste was generated
across the nation in 2017, accounting for more than 15
percent of total waste generated. This makes organic
waste a priority material for reducing the amount of
material sent to landfills. Sustainability experts have
long worked for technological solutions — including
composting and energy recovery — to make organic
waste (including food waste) a valuable material.
This work is already reaping benefits for Nevada. Of
the waste that is diverted from landfills in Nevada,
30 percent is organic material like leftover food,
yard debris, branches, lawn clippings, and even palm
branches. NDEP permits all compost facilities that
provide compost for public use. Compost facilities
around the State processed over 122,000 tons of yard
material in 2019.
There is room for growth in diverting more organic
waste in Nevada. Each ton of organics that is
composted is one ton of material that is put to its
best and highest use, and NDEP’s research will likely
reveal more solutions — especially composting — for
diverting more of this waste.
STRATEGY
1. Meet with faculty from the Nevada
System of Higher Education (NSHE) to
identify challenges and opportunities
noted in current research on reducing,
reusing, recycling, and diverting priority
materials. This will involve evaluating
research on industrial, consumer, and
construction materials, among others.
2. Research current technologies that
improve rates of reduction, reuse,
recycling, and diversion of priority
materials. This will involve evaluating
technologies that target industrial,
consumer, and construction materials,
among others.
JULY  41
GOAL 4
oBJECtivE
3
PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION
Annually develop, implement, and review programs to
reduce waste and increase diversion of priority materials
by December 2023.
BACKGROUND
In a generation-based measurement system, waste disposal and diversion are measured and
added together to determine how much waste is being generated. Measuring Nevada’s entire
waste stream, including disposal and diversion activities, involves a complete inventory of all
points of generation. To increase waste diversion effectively, NDEP needs solid data on the
quantity of waste generated, the tonnage of waste diverted, and Nevada’s rate of recycling.
Diversion includes waste prevention activities and material sent to recyclers, composting
systems, reuse facilities, and other secondary use options. After NDEP identifies priority
materials and conducts research to determine how best to manage Nevada’s materials, it will
develop programs that reduce waste generation by enabling materials to achieve their best
and highest use. It will also investigate legal disincentives for reusing materials.
STRATEGY
1. Develop material exchange programs
to increase reuse/diversion of priority
materials. NDEP will investigate
programs by non-governmental
organizations and other states, studying
how grants, tax credits, or other targeted
incentives may increase deconstruction
and diversion. This may also involve the
development of a website and research
into other approaches.
2. Establish waste reduction, diversion,
and beneficial use program with
food suppliers and services. NDEP
will investigate current practices in
the food industry by evaluating the
waste practices of restaurants, casinos,
convention centers, supermarkets,
and event venues. It will then set
sustainability goals, identify economic
benefits, and provide recognition to
generators that meet SMM standards.
3. Investigate and mitigate legal
disincentives for reusing various
materials, like food and equipment. To
do this, NDEP will check landfill records,
investigate criteria for food dating, and
carefully review State and federal laws
and regulations.
42 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 4
oBJECtivE
4
PROGRAM MONITORING
Collaborate with industries in Nevada to assess and
annually monitor and improve rates of reduction, reuse,
recycling, and diversion of priority materials by January
2024.
BACKGROUND
Industries have the ability to become sustainability leaders by tracking their material usage,
reporting their data, and creating sustainability goals that target their material streams.
To support Nevada’s industries in reducing waste, increasing recycling, and diverting more
material, NDEP will create partnerships with various industries throughout Nevada to help
identify opportunities for improvement that can be shared across all industries.
STRATEGY
Look into implementing a tracking, reporting, and goal setting program with the following
agencies, groups, and industries:
1. Nevada Mining Association
2. Nevada Department of Transportation
3. Nevada Manufacturers Association
4. Nevada construction industry
5. Nevada hotels, casinos, resorts, convention centers, and sports venues
6. Various other businesses and industries
As part of this, NDEP will develop annual reports, identify future goals, and recognize
successful sustainability ventures and projects.
"Industries have the ability to become sustainability leaders"
JULY  43
GOAL 4
GOAL  FISCAL TIMELINE
Figure A-4: Dates are by fiscal year (from July to June) rather than calendar year (from January to
December).
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OBJ. 
Q1
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Q3
Q4
Q1
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2020 2021
20242023
2022
2025
OBJECTIVE 
Conduct biennial research on
materials management in Nevada
to provide ongoing guidance on
future SMM activities by
December 2021.
OBJECTIVE 
On a five-year cycle,
investigate current research
in SMM to identify technical
challenges in reduction,
reuse, and recycling.
OBJECTIVE 
Annually develop, implement,
and review programs to
reduce waste and increase
diversion of priority materials
by December 2023.
OBJECTIVE 
Collaborate with industries in
Nevada to assess and annually
monitor and improve rates of
reduction, reuse, recycling, and
diversion of priority materials
January 2024.
Jan. ‘21 - Dec. ’21
Dec. ‘21
Dec. ’23
Dec. ’25
Dec. ’24
Dec. ’26
Dec. ’26
Jan. ‘24 (ongoing)
44 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
GOAL 4
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OBJ. 
OBJ. 
OBJ. 
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q2
Q3
Q4
2020 2021
20242023
2022
2025
OBJECTIVE 
Conduct biennial research on
materials management in Nevada
to provide ongoing guidance on
future SMM activities by
December 2021.
OBJECTIVE 
On a five-year cycle,
investigate current research
in SMM to identify technical
challenges in reduction,
reuse, and recycling.
OBJECTIVE 
Annually develop, implement,
and review programs to
reduce waste and increase
diversion of priority materials
by December 2023.
OBJECTIVE 
Collaborate with industries in
Nevada to assess and annually
monitor and improve rates of
reduction, reuse, recycling, and
diversion of priority materials
January 2024.
Jan. ‘21 - Dec. ’21
Dec. ‘21
Dec. ’23
Dec. ’25
Dec. ’24
Dec. ’26
Dec. ’26
Jan. ‘24 (ongoing)
JULY  45
"This plan will serve as a framework to guide solid waste and materials management
programs and policies"
APPENDICES
COMPLETE TIMELINE OF STRATEGIC PLAN
Figure A-5: Dates are by fiscal year (from July to June) rather than calendar year (from January to
December).
Q1
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2020 2021 202420232022
2025
Goal 1
Goal 3
Goal 2
Goal 4
48 SMM STRATEGIC PLAN
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2020 2021 202420232022
2025
Goal 1
Goal 3
Goal 2
Goal 4
JANUARY  49
BUREAU OF SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS MANAGEMENT
Mail...........................901 S. Stewart Street, Suite 4001
Carson City, NV 89701
Telephone................................................(775) 687-9467
Fax.............................................................(775) 687-5856
ndep.nv.gov