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BLAQUELINE Magazine Spring 2019

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WHAT DOWomen REALLY WANT FEATURE Kelly Howard Private Jet Services The Benefits of Flying Private Oscar Arce CEO of Presidential Aviation WHAT HAPPENED TO THE AAF PLUS Sunscreen wouldn t have saved Bob Marley from melanoma and it won t help other dark skinned people

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www whatwomenwantresaleboutique com

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Editor s Note We celebrate the creativity and innovation of entrepreneurs who are shifting the way we approach business and creating new paths for the next generation of entrepreneurs We have these filters that are similar to a defense mechanism that can prevent us from stretching our creativity past the fear that we can do something good or accomplish a phenomenal project We habitually focus on the comfort of excuses to why we should not pursue the opportunity This place is where your friends and family come from when their response to your creative idea is less than supportive My road to being the editor in chief of BLAQUELINE Magazine has been very interesting to say the least While entrepreneurship definitely runs through every cell of my body I still never imagined five years ago that I would be running a successful lifestyle magazine It just wasn t on my list of businesses to start Nevertheless it s a title that I respect and take very seriously Too bad others do not have that same passion nor share the same enthusiasm for success that you do Why is that Have you ever been so fired up about an idea that you simply can t wait to share it with a friend or family members Your eye s sparkle and your heart begins to flutter in hopes that they share in your joy But they don t respond as you expected or sometimes they change the subject to avoid being negative towards your idea We all have been there and it can be hard to swallow all the noise from their negativity It all boils down to understanding that not everyone processes information the same way When the happy chemicals flood your mind and you deliver information from that space to a person that does not fully understand your passion it can appear they are not supportive However it could be that they do not fully understand your vision and or idea Do not allow others to rob you of the energy it takes to fly above the fear and negativity that you need to stay motivated and focused on your success A common method that I use as an entrepreneur to keep my eyes on the prize is imagining the finished project what my hard work will look like wrapped up in the completion of the next magazine issue or that major interview I just landed I also do not tell my plans to the simple minds of people that I already know will not appreciate my vision Not everyone will have an interest in what you are doing and that s ok You already know who will be your rah rah squad and who will not You cannot allow others to imprison your creativity and keep your visions and ideas trapped in your mind I care not what others think of what I do but I care very much about what I think of what I do That is character Theodore Roosevelt So what you do not have the support of friends and family it s ok Detach yourself from the need of validation from those close to you and know that your happiness and pure authenticity will attract the support from those who understand your creative space As an entrepreneur do not seek the approval of people that are connected to you through DNA You must know that the universe will send the right people your way TORI TOLBERT Editor in Chief

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CEO OF PRESIDENTIAL AVIATION CEO of Presidential Aviation Oscar Arce has over 25 years in the aviation industry and he has no plans of slowing down A graduate of Mapps College London University Arce has amassed more than 9 000 hours of flight time in various private jet aircraft His hands on industry expertise and approach to operating a well maintained fleet of private charter jets is extremely invaluable and all important in preserving the established reputation of Presidential Aviation In his 10 year capacity as CEO at Presidential Aviation Oscar Arce places priority on safety innovation and flawless client services

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www presidential aviation com

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Photo by Ezekixl Akinnewu Body Positive

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THE SOUNDS OF ORGASMS A STUDY ON THE SEX LIFE OF RATS INFORMS HUMAN SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR By Gonzalo R Quintana Zunino Dr Behavioral Neuroscience and Public Scholar Concordia University Conall Eoghan Mac Cionnaith Ph D Candidate Concordia University

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HOW DO AMERICANS REALLY FEEL ABOUT INTERRACIAL COUPLES According to the most recent U S census approximately 15 percent of all newlywed couples are interracial ore interracial relationships are also appearing in the media on television in film and in advertising These trends suggest that great strides have been made in the roughly 50 years since the Supreme Court struck down antimiscegenation laws But as a psychologist who studies racial attitudes I suspected that attitudes toward interracial couples may not be as positive as they seem My previous work had provided some evidence of bias against interracial couples But I wanted to know how widespread that bias really is What does each race think To answer this question my collaborator James Rae and I recruited participants from throughout the U S to examine implicit and explicit attitudes toward black white interracial couples Psychologists typically differentiate between explicit biases which are controlled and deliberate and implicit biases which are automatically activated and tend to be difficult to control So someone who plainly states that people of different races shouldn t be together would be demonstrating evidence of explicit bias But someone who reflexively thinks that interracial couples would be less responsible tenants or more likely to default on a loan would be showing evidence of implicit bias In this case we assessed explicit biases by simply asking participants how they felt about same race and interracial couples We assessed implicit biases using something called the implicit association test which requires participants to quickly categorize same race and interracial couples with positive words like happiness and love and negative words like pain and war If it takes participants longer to categorize interracial couples with positive words it s evidence that they likely possess implicit biases against interracial couples

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HOW DO AMERICANS REALLY FEEL ABOUT INTERRACIAL COUPLES In total we recruited approximately 1 200 white people over 250 black people and over 250 multiracial people to report their attitudes We found that overall white and black participants from across the U S showed statistically significant biases against interracial couples on both the implicit measure and the explicit measure Next is a figure detailing the results from the explicit bias test with lines measuring average levels of explicit bias against interracial couples Positive values indicate bias against interracial couples while negative values indicate bias in favor of interracial couples Note that multiracial participants actually show a bias in favor of interracial couples In contrast participants who identified as multiracial showed no evidence of bias against interracial couples on either measure The figure below shows the results from the implicit association test The lines indicate the average discrepancy in the length of time it took participants to associate interracial couples with positive words when compared to associating same race couples with positive words Notice that for multiracial participants this average discrepancy overlaps with zero which indicates a lack of bias In the explicit bias test black and white participants expressed a significant level of discomfort with interracial relationships Allison Skinner and James Rae Author provided In the implicit association test black and white participants took longer to associate people in interracial relationships with positive words like happiness and love Allison Skinner and James Rae Author provided Although we cannot know for sure from our data we believe that the lack of bias observed among multiracial participants may stem from the fact that they re the product of an interracial relationship Then there s the reality of their own romantic relationships Multiracial people have few romantic options that would not constitute an interracial relationship Over 87 percent of multiracial participants in our sample reported having dated interracially

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HOW DO AMERICANS REALLY FEEL ABOUT INTERRACIAL COUPLES Predicting bias We also wanted to know what might predict bias against interracial couples would be associated with more positive attitudes toward interracial couples Some have argued that exposure to interracial and other mixed status couples can serve as a catalyst to reduce biases Our results however showed no evidence of this We anticipated that those who had previously been in an interracial romantic relationship or were currently involved in one would hold more positive attitudes In general participants who reported more exposure to interracial couples in their local community reported no less bias than those who reported very little exposure to interracial couples In fact among multiracial participants those who reported more exposure to interracial couples in their local community actually reported more explicit bias against interracial couples than those with less exposure For both white and black participants this is precisely what we found There was one catch Black participants who had previously been in an interracial relationship were just as likely to harbor explicit biases as those who hadn t been in one Next we wanted to test whether having close contact in other words spending quality time with interracial couples was associated with positive attitudes toward interracial couples Psychological evidence has shown that contact with members of other groups tends to reduce intergroup biases To get at this we asked participants questions about how many interracial couples they knew and how much time they spent with them We found that across all three racial groups more interpersonal contact with interracial couples meant more positive implicit and explicit attitudes toward interracial couples Finally we examined whether just being exposed to interracial couples such as seeing them around in your community The outlook for the future According to polling data only a small percentage of people in the U S 9 percent say that the rise in interracial marriage is a bad thing Yet our findings indicate that most in the U S harbor both implicit and explicit biases against interracial couples These biases were quite robust showing up among those who had had close personal contact with interracial couples and even some who had once been involved in interracial romantic relationships The only ones who didn t show biases against interracial couples were multiracial people Nonetheless in 2015 14 percent of all babies born nationwide were mixed race or mixed ethnicity nearly triple the rate in 1980 In Hawaii the rate is 44 percent So despite the persistence of bias against interracial couples the number of multiracial people in the U S will only continue to grow which bodes well for interracial couples

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Sunscreen wouldn t have saved Bob Marley from melanoma and it won t help other darkskinned people By Adewole S Adamson Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine Division of Dermatology University of Texas at Austin Melanoma is a potentially deadly form of skin cancer linked to overexposure to ultraviolet UV rays from the sun Sunscreen can block UV rays and therefore reduce the risk of sun burns which ultimately reduces the risk of developing melanoma Thus the promotion of sunscreen as an effective melanoma prevention strategy is a reasonable public health message While this may be true for light skinned people such as individuals of European descent this is not the case for darker skinned people or individuals of African descent The public health messages promoted by many clinicians and public health groups regarding sunscreen recommendations for dark skin people is incongruent with the available evidence Media messaging exacerbate the problem with headline after headline warning that black people can also develop melanoma and that blacks are not immune To be sure blacks can get melanoma but the risk is very low In the same way men can develop breast cancer however we do not promote mammography as a strategy to fight breast cancer in men This message is important to me as a black board certified dermatologist and health services researcher at Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin where I am director of the pigmented lesion clinic In this capacity I take care of patients at high risk for melanoma

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Sunscreen wouldn t have saved Bob Marley from melanoma and it won t help other dark skinned people cont Melanoma in black people is not associated with UV exposure In the U S melanoma is 20 to 30 times more common among whites compared to blacks In blacks melanoma usually develops in parts of the body that get less sun exposure such as the palms of the hands and soles of the feet These cancers are called acral melanomas and sunscreen will do nothing to reduce the risk of these cancers When was the last time you had a sunburn on the palms or soles Even among whites there is no relationship between sun exposure and the risk of acral melanomas Famously Bob Marley died from an acral melanoma on his great toe but sunscreen would not have helped The research on the association of UV radiation and melanoma among blacks is lacking Most studies assessing the relationship exclude patients of darker skin types In the largest study of this question to date no connection was found between UV index or latitude and melanoma among black people Racial disparities in melanoma outcomes are not related to UV exposure Many dermatologists often point out that black patients tend to show up to the doctor with later stage melanoma which is true However this is an issue of access and awareness and has nothing to do with sunscreen application Black people should be aware of growths on their skin and seek medical attention if they have any changing bleeding painful or otherwise concerning spots particularly on the hands and feet However the notion that regular application of daily sunscreen will reduce an already extremely rare occurrence is nonsensical UV radiation does affect dark skin and can cause DNA damage however the damage is seven to eight times lower than the damage done to white skin given the natural sunprotective effect of increased melanin in darker skin To be clear using regular sunscreen may help with reducing other effects of the sun s rays such as sun burns wrinkling photoaging and freckling which are all positive but for the average black person sunscreen is unlikely to reduce their low risk of melanoma any further If sunscreen was important in the prevention of melanoma in dark skinned patients then why have we never heard of an epidemic of melanoma in sub Saharan Africa a region with intense sun a lot of black people and little sunscreen In certain sub populations of black people such as those with disorders causing sun sensitivity albino patients or patients with suppressed immune systems sunscreen use may reduce risk of melanoma But if you don t fall into one of these categories any meaningful risk reduction from the application of sunscreen is unlikely

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Sunscreen wouldn t have saved Bob Marley from melanoma and it won t help other dark skinned people cont Melanoma public health messaging must change When it comes to the public health message related to sunscreen skin cancer and black people a one size fits all approach misses the mark The facts simply do not add up for the recommendation of sunscreen as prevention of melanoma in black people Many dermatology and skin cancer focused organizations a few of which I m a member promote the public health message of sunscreen use to reduce melanoma risk among black patients However this message is not supported by evidence There exists no study that demonstrates sunscreen reduces skin cancer risk in black people Period This issue of regular sunscreen use in black people was made even more pressing after the release of a study last week on sunscreen absorption in the Journal of the American Medical Association This study showed that significant amounts of certain chemical sunscreen ingredients can get in the blood when used at maximal conditions with unknown impacts on human health To me the most shocking part of the study was that most of the participants were black the group least likely to derive any meaningful associated health benefits from sunscreen while being exposed to potentially harmful levels of chemicals As dermatologists and public health advocates we can do a better job educating patients and the public about melanoma prevention without promoting public health messages that are grounded in fear and or lack evidence Black people should be informed that they are at risk of developing melanoma but that risk is low Any dark skinned person who develops a new changing or symptomatic mole should see their doctor particularly if the mole is on the palms or soles We don t know what the risk factors are for melanoma in black or dark skinned people but they certainly are not UV rays

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HEALTH FITNESS THREE EXERCISES THAT HELP WITH BACK FAT Supermans The Superman is a great way to strengthen your lower back and tone your glutes Lay face down on a mat or flat surface with arms outstretched Keep your hands and arms straight throughout the exercise Raise your hands and legs 4 5 inches off the ground Hold for 5 seconds then return to starting position Bent Twists or Bent over Twists Great for the obliques lower back abs and hamstrings Stand straight with your feet slightly wider than shoulder width apart and raise your arms to the sides Bend and rotate your torso to the right touching your right feet with your left hand Return to the starting position and repeat on the other side Swimmers This is a good exercise for the whole back and glutes Lie facedown on a mat with your legs slightly apart and your hands over your head Pull your belly button towards your spine as if there is a thumb tack under your belly and you are trying not to touch it Exhale and lift your left arm and right leg slightly Avoid letting your low back arch Keep your head very close to the mat Inhale and lower your arm leg Exhale and lift your right arm and left leg Lower to the start position Repeat 4 6 times on each side rest then repeat the exercise if desired GOOD NEWS YOU CAN GET RID OF BACK FAT Staff Writer BLAQUELINE Magazine We all have stubborn areas on our body that can frustrate us especially since we cannot spot reduce The appearance of back fat normally happens through a combination of reasons including poor nutrition and lack of exercise The loss of muscle strength is called muscle atrophy or in this case back fat Those with sedentary jobs medical conditions that limit their movement or decreased activity levels can lose muscle tone and develop muscle atrophy The loss of muscle strength can develop in bedridden individuals which can also cause significant muscle wasting What is Muscle Atrophy Muscle atrophy is when muscles waste away The main reason for muscle wasting is a lack of physical activity If you do not take steps to prevent muscle loss the condition can affect your ability to be mobile recover from illness and ultimately the inability to lead a healthy and active lifestyle Can Atrophy Be Reversed As you get older your body changes however there is good news you can lose back fat Through a strict daily exercise regime and good nutrition you can energize weak muscles and help them regrow Here are three easy moves that are perfect for losing back fat as well as strengthening and toning your muscles You can also add 30 minutes of daily cardio and a clean diet

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BRAIN SCANS HELP SHED LIGHT ON THE PTSD BRAIN BUT THEY CANNOT DIAGNOSE PTSD Arash Javanbakht Assistant Professor of Psychiatry Wayne State University Celebrities and public figures have recently been more open about mental health conditions they deal with This is a positive sign of shrinking stigma around mental illness and it also helps in reducing it The most recent in this line was Ariana Grande s mention of post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD and a brain scan I am a psychiatrist and neuroscientist specializing in research diagnosis and treatment of PTSD and I see this as an opportunity to discuss PTSD how it is diagnosed and its treatments What is post traumatic stress disorder PTSD is a clinical condition and a consequence of exposure to extreme traumatic experiences such as motor vehicle accidents assault robbery rape combat and torture at any stage of life including childhood situations that are threatening to the integrity of the person Trauma may happen to the person or be witnessed happening to others As a result the brain switches to survival mode doing its best to avoid another exposure to such experiences

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The person is always anxious and hypervigilant and constantly screens for danger This leads to avoidance of any situation cue or memory that can be relevant to or reminder of the traumatic experience The person also experiences repetitive intrusive memories nightmares and flashbacks as if the trauma is happening in the here and now experiencing the visions voices smells and touch PTSD is very often accompanied by depression and high levels of anxiety PTSD is common affecting 8 of the U S population up to 30 of the combat exposed veterans and 30 80 of refugees and victims of torture What are brain scans A brain scan is a general term that covers a diverse group of methods for imaging the brain In psychiatric clinical practice brain scans are mostly used to rule out visible brain lesions that may be causing psychiatric symptoms However in research we use them to learn about the pathologies of the brain in mental illness A common method is magnetic resonance imaging MRI that allows us to look at the changes in the volume and structure of different areas of the brain and integrity of the pathways connecting them Then there is functional MRI fMRI This method examines blood flow in different areas of the brain as a measure of their dynamic function mostly in response to a task or event such as thinking about trauma or viewing of a trauma related image I use fMRI in my research to look at the brain circuitry involved in how people can be instructed to learn fear and safety Positron emission tomography or PET and single photon emission CT or SPECT are also used in looking at brain function

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PTSD CONTINUED At the current stage of the technology and research psychiatrists psychologists and neuroscientists only use these methods for researching the brain changes in mental illness and not for making diagnoses In other words we have to combine data from tens of people with a mental illness to determine how on average different areas of their brain may differ in volume or function from others How do we diagnose PTSD Like most other psychiatric conditions PTSD is a clinical diagnosis That means psychiatrists diagnose PTSD by the symptoms presented by the patient Clinicians look for a constellation of symptoms for a diagnosis history of exposure to trauma intrusive symptoms such as frequent flashbacks nightmares intrusive memories avoiding any reminder of trauma for example a veteran avoiding watching the movie Saving Private Ryan and its memories hyperarousal or being overly vigilant having sleep disturbances being easily startled negative thoughts or feelings significant distress or dysfunction When enough number of the above criteria is met a clinician makes a diagnosis of PTSD We clinicians and researchers use the above criteria for consistency in research We want to be sure that what we call PTSD across different studies passes the threshold of a certain severity and diversity of symptoms However effects of trauma may not reach the diagnostic threshold for PTSD but can still be very stressing A traumatized person who has frequent nightmares and flashbacks and avoids leaving their house out of fear is seriously stressed even though they may not meet the required number of negative symptoms per the diagnostic manual From a clinical perspective we still address their symptoms and treat them In other words what matters in clinical practice is helping with the symptoms that are distressing and cause dysfunction What do brain scans tell us about PTSD Although we do not use brain scans to diagnose PTSD in the clinic we use them to understand what happens in the PTSD brain There is abundant evidence for changes in the structure and function of different areas of brain involved in fear response and anxiety regulation of emotions cognitive processing and memory continued on page 26

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19 PTSD cont For example there is consistent evidence for reduced volume in the brain region called the hippocampus which is involved in memory and context processing This leads to difficulties differentiating cues that resemble trauma such as the slamming of a door from the trauma cue itself such as a gunshot Abnormalities of the hippocampus also lead to impairments of differentiating a safe context from the context in which trauma happened For example this could be a fear response to road kill in Ann Arbor Michigan which may resemble an improvised explosive device IED in Iraq We also know from fMRI research the part of the brain called the amygdala which is involved in fear response shows larger activation in response to viewing or memory of trauma reminders or viewing of negative facial affect These findings are valid in studies averaging data across brain scans of dozens of people They are not useful in a one person diagnosis To summarize brain imaging has been a very useful tool in understanding the aberrations in structure and function of a PTSD brain but it does not diagnose the condition How to treat PTSD Treatment mostly involves psychotherapy and medications mostly antidepressants Psychotherapy helps to detach traumatic memories from the severe emotional response changing the thoughts that lead to distress and avoidance and helping the person get back to adaptive ways of coping with life There is also evidence that psychotherapies like cognitive and behavioral therapy can help reverse negative changes in brain function and structure Our team at Wayne State has been using body based mindful methods of yoga and dance therapies for helping traumatized refugees which have been showing positive effects We however need more evidence from larger groups to comfortably offer these body based methods as established treatment Medications mostly include antidepressants which help in reducing the high level of emotional arousal allowing the person to more effectively use their cognitive and rational brain in dealing with stressful conditions Benzodiazepines including Xanax are not recommended for treating PTSD Finally lifestyle changes and physical activity are as important in addressing PTSD and other fear and anxiety related disorders

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What s on the Grill

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Keep Cool on the Grill Family Features Keep your kitchen cool and Grilled Buttermilk Chicken comfortable with grilled meals that banish the Recipe courtesy of Lori Yates of Foxes Love heat to the outdoors Crisp fresh greens and a Lemons on behalf of Milk Means More perfect blend of spices and savory ingredients Prep time 10 minutes make each of these refreshing dishes perfect Cook time 16 minutes solutions for toasty days Servings 4 Featuring ingredients across the food groups 1 1 2 cups buttermilk these dairy fueled recipes from Milk Means 1 tablespoon mustard powder More are ideal for well rounded meals filled 1 tablespoon Sriracha with nutritious flavor Zesty mustard spicy 2 teaspoons minced garlic Sriracha and rich buttermilk lend a marinated 2 teaspoons paprika flavor upgrade to traditional grilled chicken 4 chicken drumsticks bone in skin on while homemade pesto fresh corn and ham 4 chicken thighs bone in skin on create a perfect harmony for a cheesy grilled vegetable oil for grill pizza Or make a salad the star of your dinner 1 4 cup chopped fresh parsley table with a simply seasoned sirloin steak 1 lemon cut into wedges optional plenty of veggies and a tart twist on a creamy dressing made with yogurt and milk In medium bowl whisk buttermilk mustard powder Sriracha garlic and paprika Find more refreshing meal solutions at milkmeansmore org Place chicken in large zip top bag pour buttermilk mixture over chicken Seal bag and refrigerate 2 hours or overnight Heat outdoor grill for direct grilling over medium heat Remove chicken from marinade shaking off excess discard marinade Lightly oil grill grates Transfer chicken to grill and cook turning occasionally 16 18 minutes or until internal temperature reaches 165 F Transfer chicken to serving platter Sprinkle with parsley and serve with lemon wedges if desired

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TOXIC WORKPLACE From the boardroom to the basketball court some managers rely on berating and bullying employees Researchers have learned one thing It doesn t work

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WANT TO GROW YOUR BUSINESS We reach countless consumers retailers and entrepreneurs that are looking to make connections with other businesses Invest your marketing dollars with BLAQUELINE Magazine and watch your business grow CALL 512 790 0569 or email magazine blaquelineentertainment com

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