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Nutrition Booklet

Austin Vu

Carbs are any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues. They contain hydrogen and oxygen in the same ratio as water (2:1) and typically can be broken down to release energy in the animal body. Carbohydrates provide your body with energy and keep you feeling full. Too many carbs and have the risk of becoming obese. Carbs are found in fruits, vegetables, grains, and bread.  


Proteins are any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle, hair, etc. Protein is used to build and repair tissues. High amounts of proteins can cause increased bowel movements, nausea, thirst, bloating, cramps, reduced appetite, fatigue, and headache. Protein is derived from the Greek word 'proteios' which means " primary" or "in the lead". 


Water is a colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid that forms the seas, lakes, rivers, and rain and is the basis of the fluids of living organisms. Drinking water helps maintain the balance of body fluids. Your body is composed of 60% water. In rare cases, drinking an extreme amount in a short time can be dangerous. It can cause the level of salt, or sodium, in your blood to drop too low


Fat is a natural oily or greasy substance occurring in animal bodies, especially when deposited as a layer under the skin or around certain organs. Fats store energy, insulate us and protect our vital organs. Fats help the body stockpile certain nutrients as well. Saturated fatty acids are commonly judged to have a negative health impact as they lead to increased serum cholesterol levels and a higher risk of coronary heart disease.Saturated fat is also found in tropical oils, like palm kernel or coconut oil.  


Vitamins are any of a group of organic compounds that are essential for normal growth and nutrition. Vitamins help shore up bones, heal wounds, and bolster your immune system. They also convert food into energy and repair cellular damage. Consuming high amounts of calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc can have negative side effects such as tooth staining, increased urination, stomach bleeding, uneven heart rate, confusion, and muscle weakness or limp feeling. You can get vitamins from sunlight.


Minerals is a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. The minerals in our diet are essential for a variety of bodily functions. They are important for building strong bones and teeth, blood, skin, hair, nerve function, muscle and for metabolic processes such as those that turn the food we eat into energy. An overdose of vitamins A, D, E, or K can cause serious or life-threatening side effects if taken in large doses. There are over 4000 different types of minerals.


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