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Author’s Purpose
Lesson Objective
Vocabulary Objectives
• Learn target vocabulary to enhance reading.
• Apply target vocabulary in written responses and oral language.
Comprehension Objectives
• Identify the author’s purpose in writing.
• Make connections between content, wording, and the author’s purpose.
• Recognize similarities in purpose in writings of the same category (advertisements, textbooks, etc.).
Background Information for Teacher
Student Prior Knowledge
“Author’s Purpose Guide,” Student Page 1
“Decide the Purpose,” Student Page 2
“Guess My Purpose” Level 3, Student Page 5
“Author’s Purpose Guide,” Student Page 1
Step-by-Step Guided Lesson
Step 1:Start Video
(Tips: Interact with the video by pausing, to ask questions or discuss information viewed with student.)
Step 2: Teach Lesson
Target Vocabulary Words: unhealthy, action, meals, businesses
When introducing each word, first say the whole word. Next, say the word parts slowly while clapping them. Then say the word
quickly again. Have the student repeat the steps with you. Finally, write the word on the board or chart. Read the definition of each
word to the student and give examples or sample sentences to build meaning.
unhealthy un • healthy (ˈən-ˈhel-thē) Unhealthy means not well or strong. Without sunshine and fresh air, people can become
action ac • tion ('ak-sh en) Action means moving or doing something. Tim’s favorite movies are always full of fast action.
meals meals ('melz) Meals are food you eat at breakfast, lunch, or supper. After my dinner meals, I like to go for a walk.
business busi •nesses (ˈbiz-nəs-əz) Businesses are companies, stores, or types of work. My grandfather worked in newspaper
businesses all his life.
Have the student write sentences using the Target Vocabulary Words in an ongoing Vocabulary Log. The student should read their
sentences aloud.
Gather together the following items: a fiction book, a history book, a travel magazine, a movie advertisement, and a cookbook.
Each of these texts was written for a different purpose. Write the heading Author’s Purpose
on the board and hold up the
storybook. Why would someone read this book? (for fun) An author’s purpose in writing a story is to entertain readers. Write to
under the heading Author’s Purpose.
Hold up the history book. Why would someone read this book? (to learn about real people and events) The purpose of history
writers is to share facts about real people and events. When an author gives facts and information about real things, the
purpose is to inform. Add to inform
to the list on the board.
Hold up the travel magazine. This magazine tells what it is like in places where people might take a vacation. When an author
tries to help readers imagine or picture something, the purpose is to describe. Add to describe
to the list on the board.
Hold up the advertisement. What does the author of this ad want readers to do? (go see this movie) When an author wants to
talk readers into doing something, the purpose is to persuade. Add to persuade
to the list on the board.
Hold up the cookbook. Why does an author write a cookbook? (to share recipes for different dishes) When an author tells how
something works or how to do something, the purpose is to explain how. Add to explain
how to the list on the board.
These are five purposes an author may have for writing a text: to entertain, to inform, to describe, to persuade, and to
explain how.
Distribute “Author’s Purpose Guide,” Student Page 1. (Step 3)
Review the five purposes. Have the student write an additional example in the last column.
Let’s practice deciding the author’s purpose.
Distribute “Decide the Purpose,” Student Page 2. (Step 3)
Have the student read aloud the text next to each picture. Guide him/her in identifying and recording the important details of each
Have the student decide the author’s purpose by comparing the passage to examples on the “Author’s Purpose Guide.” Then have
the student write his/her answer at the bottom of the page.
Now read three more passages and think about why the author wrote each one. Then write the author’s purpose.
Give the student a copy of “Author’s Purpose Guide,” Student Page 1; and “Guess My Purpose,” Student Page 5. (Step 3)
Monitor the student's progress and remind him/her to think about the kind of details the author includes and the words the author
uses. Have the student decide the author’s purpose and write it in the second column.
The student should refer to the “Author’s Purpose Guide,” Student Page 1, as needed.
Step 3: Complete the worksheet attached below.
Worksheets needed to complete the lesson
Decide the Purpose:
2. to eat better at lunch and supper.
to cut back on meals that
are high in salt and fat.
to eat more fruits and
3. to stop buying junk food.
to get stores to sell more
healthful foods.
4. to eat better and get
to buy meals that are good for them.
to choose healthful snacks.
to help make America healthy.
5. to persuade readers to stop
buying junk food and start
eating healthful foods
Step 4: Start the next lesson with the game or activity attached below for review so the student can demonstrate understanding of
this lesson before moving forward.
Storyline Online (online & offline) activity
Choose the book the student would like, have them watch the video, then discuss the Author’s purpose.