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Hour 7

Nutrition Booklet

Amanda Olson

      1. What is it?

      2. How does it help the body?

      3. How can it hurt the body?

      4. How much should one have of this nutrient?

      5. Two pictures of each nutrient

      6. One interesting fact about the nutrient

Water is a colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid that forms the seas, lakes, rivers, and rain and is the basis of the fluids of living organisms.

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Your body uses water in all its cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate its temperature and maintain other bodily functions.

  1. What is it?  Carboyhydrates are any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose. 

  2. How does it help the body?   Carbohydrates provide your body with energy

How can it hurt the body?  Over time, eating too many carbs can negatively affect your ability to control your blood sugar levels. People who eat a higher glycemic index diet -- one full of carb-rich 


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How much should one have of this nutrient?     

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that carbohydrates make up 45 to 65 percent of your total daily calories. So, if you get 2,000 calories a day, between 900 and 1,300 calories should be from carbohydrates. That translates to between 225 and 325 grams of carbohydrates a day.


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  1. What is it?  Vitamins help in the development of body structures. They help convert fat and carbohydrates into energy.  There are two types of vitamins, fat soluble and water soluble. Fat soluble vitamins include A, D, E, and K. These can be stored in the body and too much can lead to toxic/poisonous levels.  

The body cannot make vitamins, so they must be supplied by the diet.  

      1. What is it?    Minerals occur in the environment and are absorbed up the food chain into plants and animals.  

      1. How does it help the body?   All minerals important to human functioning can not be made by the body and have to be supplied by the human diet. They help  metabolism, biological reactions, water balance, hormone production, and bone development.

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interesting fact about the nutrient.  The body cannot make vitamins, so they must be supplied by the diet.  

Milk and other dairy products — such as yogurt, cheese, and cottage cheese — are good sources of calcium. You'll also find this mineral in broccoli and dark green, leafy   vegetables. Soy foods and foods fortified with calcium, including some kinds of orange juice and soy milk, are also good sources.


      1. How does it help the body?   Protein is also necessary for making hormones, the control of some body functions and the making of complex chemicals called enzymes

      2. How can it hurt the body?  Excessive protein will be changed by the liver and stored as fat.

      1. How much should one have of this nutrient?   0-15% of our diet should be made up of protein.

      1. Two pictures of each nutrient   

      1. What is it?   Protein is the main building material for blood, skin, hair, nails,   organs and muscles.

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Star Bucks Healthy Choices

Brewed Coffee. ...


Calories: 5

Far grams:  0

Sugars:  0

Sodium:  0

Caffeine:  190

  Iced Coffee. You can't go wrong with this favorite drink. ...

  • Very Berry Hibiscus Refreshers. ...


Calories:  273

Fat grams:  6

Sugars: 1

Sodium:  1,068 mg

Skinny Vanilla Latte. ...

Calories:   570

Fat grams:  35

Sugars:  8

Sodium: 383

Orange Mango Smoothie. .

Trans Fat 0g

Total Fat 1.5g


Sodium 0mg


Total Carbohydrate 53g


Dietary Fiber 6g


Sugars 37g


Good Choices

Poor Choices for Starbucks

White Chocolate Mocha

Calories:  430

Fat grams:  18

Sugar:  53

Sodium:  250

Double Chocolate Chip Frappuccino Blended cream

Calories:   670

Fat:  22

Sugars:  52

Sodium 270

Calories:  430

Fat:  16

Sugar:  65

Sodium:  230

Calories 240

Fat grams 4.5

Sugars 42

Sodium 116

:  Classic Chai Tea Latte

Mocha Cookie Crumble Frappuccino

calories 500

Fat grams:19


Sodium: 260