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Cities in Ecuador

Manta, a city in Ecuador known for it's fishing.



Ecuador is home to the endangered Pinocchio Lizard.

The Flag of Ecuador

     Before we jump into what Ecuador has for us, we should go over basic information. For starters, the capital city of Ecuador is Quito.(picture on the right) The overall population is 16,734,193. The size in area is 109,483 square miles. The longitude and latitude is 1 S and 78 W. Their style of government is a representative democracy. And in Ecuador, they actually hold elections in February. The voting is just the same as it is here, but people ages of 18-65 MUST vote. The president is the one who makes them, and the legislative branch passes them.

Basic Info on Ecuador

    In Ecuador, there are many landforms. But I'm just going to introduce 3. The Galapagos Islands, Esmeraldas River and the Andes Mountains. First, let's talk about the Andes Mountains. To clarify, it runs through Ecuador. And many of it's peaks are actually volcanic. Cool, right? Now let's talk about the Galapagos Islands. It's one of the most bio-diverse places on Earth, almost 20% of the species in the islands are found nowhere else on Earth! Now, the Esmeraldas. Did you know a part of the river spills into the Pacific Ocean?

Esmeraldas River

Land Forms

Galapagos Islands

Andes Mountains

    In Ecuador, there are different climates. For now, I'll tell you two examples of climates. In La Costa ( the coastal lowlands ), it's usually warm. Average temperatures are 76°F to 90°F. As you can see, it's hot! But it still has a rainy season, December through May. The second climate, La Sierra ( the Andean highlands ), is cooler, due to the height of the mountains. The average temperatures vary from 55°F at night, and 78°F at noon.

Climate in Ecuador

Man-Made Features in Ecuador

Compania de Jesus

3 man-made features in Ecuador are Mitad del Mundo, Compañía de Jesús and the Temple of the Sun. The Mitad del Mundo  consists of: a dominant monument, smaller monuments leading up to it, and a small village built by the equator. The Compania de Jesus is is Quito's most ornate churches. The Temple of Sun is the largest known Inca ruins in Ecuador.

Temple of the Sun

Mitad de Mundo

3 natural resources in Ecuador include petroleum ( oil ), fish, and lumber. A fact about the petroleum is that it's found in the northern part of the Oriente. Fishing is mainly taken place in the Coastal Zone and the Galapagos Islands. And lumber comes from about of Ecuador's territory.

Natural Resources


3 industrial products in Ecuador are coffee, rice and cocoa. One fact about coffee is that Ecuador is one of the 15 countries that makes Robusta and Arabica coffee. A fact about rice is that Ecuadorians eat a TON of rice compared to us, Americans, but it pales in comparison next to Asia.

Now a fact about cocoa. It's one of Ecuador's specialities, both an industrial product and an agricultural.

Industry in Ecuador


Coffee brand in Ecuador


There are several products grown in the country, but I'll tell you about a few. Manioc, or cassava, sugarcane and cocoa. A fun fact about cassava is that it can grow up to 9 ft. tall! Another fact about sugarcane is that the sugar produced in sugarcane is no different than the sugar produced in sugar beets. One last fact about cocoa is that it takes 5 years to grow a seed pod.

Agriculture in Ecuador

Cocoa beans

Manioc being harvested

In Ecuador, there are many holidays, but here's a fun one. Carnival, is a holiday where Ecuadorians eat and drink enough to satisfy themselves before Lent. A fun and common activity is throwing water balloons. That sounds fun!

Let's move onto religion. Roman Catholic is the main religion, but native Ecuadorians blend Catholicism with their beliefs.

Now, languages. The main language is Spanish, but it varies from Andean Spanish (spanish spoken in the Central Andes) or Amazonian Spanish.

Now, food. Let's talk about a dish called, "Ceviche." It's a mixture of raw seafood and shellfish, dressed with citrus juices. It's mainly enjoyed(and found) on the beach.

Cultures in Ecuador

Shrimp Ceviche