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A Bag Full of Money
Lesson Objective
The student will learn about coins and dollars and will learn the value of money.
Background Information for Teacher
Student Prior Knowledge
The Coin Counting Book ( Step 2)
Enlarged, cutout cardstock copies of the Coin
page – copied at 200% (Step 3)
Coin Samples 64% (Step 3)
Math journals
Glue stick or tape
Bucket of coin manipulatives – at least 75
pennies, 75 nickels, 75 dimes, 60 quarters,
30 half dollars
A variety of trinkets (small toys, school
supplies, etc.) of your choice for a store-like
Small labels with purchase prices listed for
store items above.
"Profession" labels for students (Step 3)
Whiteboard markers
Step-by-Step Guided Lesson
Step 1: Start Video
(Tips: Interact with the video by pausing, to ask questions or discuss information viewed with student.)
Step 2: Teach Lesson
Have about 50 assorted coins sitting on a table easily accessible to the student. Ask the student to pick a coin and identify
their coin by standing next to their coin on the wall. (Use the Coin Samples in Step 3,
make a paper copy, cut coins apart,
then make a cardstock copy at 200% and cut out and tape the coins randomly around the room). When the student has
moved to a coin location, ask the student to look closely at their coin and assess if they have chosen correctly by
matching their coin to the enlarged coin on the wall. Ask the student to look at both sides of the coin, as each side shows
a different image.
Introduce the five coins using their names only (no monetary values at this time)
: penny, nickel, dime, quarter, and half
dollar. Show enlarged cardstock coins to the student; show both sides of each coin using the Coin Samples on wall. Ask
the student to describe the pictures and words on each coin. Compare the relative size of each coin to the others.
Have the student repeat the names of each coin as you hold it up for all to see. Write the names of the coins on the
whiteboard next to the appropriate coin.
Hand out a set of coins pictures from the Coin Samples
64% ( Step 3) to the student and have them cut out the coins.
The student should glue cut-out coins into their math journals, then write the correct name next to the coin.
Play a game by holding an enlarged coin up and have the student quickly say its name
. Continue until you have shown
each coin about five times.
Using the enlarged cardstock coins, introduce the values of the five coins: penny = 1¢, nickel = 5¢, dime = 10¢, quarter =
25¢ and half dollar = 50¢. Write this on the board using the word "cents" and the cent sign, ¢.
Have the student write the values of the coins in their math journals.
Play a game by holding an enlarged coin up and have the student quickly say its value
. Continue until you have shown
each coin about five times.
Watch or read the book, The Coin Counting Book
Give the student a bag of various coins. As you watch The Coin Counting Book
, have the student place coins on their
desks to match the pictures in the book. Stop before the first set of blue pages labeled "How about a dollar?"
For an extended lesson
or for challenging higher ability students, have students do the same for the next set of yellow
pages, pausing or stopping at the second blue pages.
Have the student re-create the coin addition problems on the last two pages which are solid orange.
In their math journals, have the student make three coin addition problems using two to five coins equaling no more than
a $1.00.
Write an amount of money (up to $1.00) on the whiteboard. Have the student use their bag of coins to make the amount.
Let the student share what coins they used to make the amount.

Step 3: Complete the worksheet attached below.
Worksheets needed to complete the lesson
Challenge- Worksheet for extra practice
Step 4: Review. Start the next lesson with the game or activity attached below for review so the student can
demonstrate understanding of this lesson before moving forward.
Money Game (online) game or
The General Store (offline) activity
Instructions for The General Store Activity:
This activity works best with multiple students.
Ahead of time, organize a variety of trinkets, small toys, school supplies, etc. of your choice into a general store-like
setting. Determine the price of each item with a label. Make sure the prices are under 7¢ so that they can “purchase” a
lot of items, which will require them to use their addition skills.
The morning of this activity, give each student a "profession", along with a determined wage in coins. Write the
"profession" and "wage" on cardstock (see Profession Cards in Step 3
) and pass out to students, either by design or
random drawing.
Students should not be given coins at this time. Examples of "professions" and wages: bookshelf straightener - 75¢,
trash picker-upper - 92¢, whiteboard eraser - 55¢, desk straightener - 81¢, teacher helper - 96¢, etc. For higher ability
students, have them create their own jobs and wages, getting approval from the teacher.
The teacher will be the store clerk and banker.

Once the profession has been determined, pay the student 2 weeks worth of wages (double the wage amount) in coins.
Then allow the student to go into the General Store to “buy” items. As the store clerk you can ask them to convert their
coins into bills and be sure to make them count back their change.
After the activity, discuss with the students what they learned.