Return to flip book view

Home Assessment Checklist -- Wildland Fire Assessment Program

Page 1

Resources Home Assessment Checklist This checklist serves as a guide that both the assessor and resident can use to determine problem areas around the home that can be retrofitted or restructured to mitigate damage when a wildfire strikes Many of the items listed in the checklist are free or low cost modifications however some items may require more significant investment in order to increase a home s safety and survivability during a wildfire A key for estimating costs is included for most items Remember if it s predictable it s preventable Resident Name ____________________________________________________________________________________________ Phone _________________________________________________ Email _____________________________________________ Address of Home Being Assessed _____________________________________________________________________________ City ________________________________________________________________ State __________ Zip __________________ Fire Department Name ______________________________________________________________________________________ Phone ______________________________________________________ _Date of the Assessment _________________________ Assessor s Print Name ____________________________________________________________________________________ Print Name _____________________________________________________________________________________ Key Information and resources were utilized from but not endorsed by the following agencies less than 500 n International Association of Fire Chiefs Ready Set Go Program 500 1 000 n Federal Emergency Management Agency Ready gov 1 000 5 000 more than 5 000 n Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety n Center for Fire Research and Outreach College of Natural Resources University of California Berkley

Page 2

Resources Inside the Home Y N NA Residents have reviewed homeowner s insurance policy and prepared updated a list of home s contents Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA All residents know where the gas electric and water main shut off controls are and how to use them Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Heavy fire resistant drapes are installed throughout the home Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Newspapers and rubbish are regularly disposed of at an approved site Local burning regulations are followed Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA A screen is installed in front of each fireplace or wood stove Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Fireplace and wood stove ashes also applies to outside grill are stored in a metal container and disposed of only when cold Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Residents created a family disaster plan and supply kit to be prepared for wildfire and potential evacuations Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Electric and gas stoves are in good operating condition Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Security bars on windows and or doors have an approved quick release mechanism Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA A solid door with self closing hinges is installed between living areas and the garage Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA The garage has a garage door to help protect combustible materials stored there Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Garage door perimeters are weather sealed Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Gasoline oily rags and other flammable materials are stored in approved safety cans Cans are placed in a safe location away from the base of buildings Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Combustibles are kept away from ignition sources such as water heaters Free Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Tools such as a shovel rake bucket and hoe are available for emergencies Suggested Action ______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Fire extinguishers are on hand kitchen garage living room and all residents are trained to use them Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________

Page 3

Resources Outside the Home Defensible space is comprised of three zones The selection and maintenance of vegetation and other combustible items in these zones will determine the adequacy of the defensible space ZONE 1 0 5 feet around the perimeter of the home Y N NA Hard surfaces are installed in this zone such as a concrete walkway Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Noncombustible mulch products are used such as rock Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA The lawn is well irrigated and only has low growing herbaceous plants Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Dead vegetation is removed and is continuously maintained Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ ZONE 2 5 30 feet around the perimeter of the home or to the property line Free Y N NA Islands or groupings of vegetation form a discontinuous path to make it difficult for the fire to burn directly to the home Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Dead plant material and tree branches are removed Lower tree branches and shrubs positioned under the tree line are removed so that a surface fire cannot reach the tree crown Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Trees in this zone are maintained with a minimum horizontal spacing of 10 feet between crowns with the distance increasing with slope Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Limbs and branches are pruned to a height of up to 15 feet For shorter trees pruning does not exceed of the tree height Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Propane tanks larger than 125 gallons water capacity are located at least 30 feet from the house There are at least 10 feet of Zone 1 defensible space around the tank Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ ZONE 3 30 100 feet around the perimeter of the home or to the property line Free Y N NA Trees in this zone are maintained with a minimum horizontal spacing of 10 feet between crowns with this distance increasing with slope Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Ladder fuels under taller trees are eliminated Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________

Page 4

Resources Y N NA A separation between groupings of shrubs and bushes exists and is continuously maintained Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Dead plant material is removed from all vegetation and is continuously maintained Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ SLOPE Y N NA The home is located on a steep slope vegetation is managed beyond 100 feet Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA The home is located in the middle of a steep slope or at the top of a slope with minimal setback vegetation management is increased in the five to 100 feet zones Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA A noncombustible wall is installed within 15 to 20 feet of the downslope side of the home particularly if a deck overhangs the slope Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ ROOF COVERING Y N NA The roof is product rated class A Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ ROOF EDGES Free Y N NA The gutters are clean of all debris Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA A drip edge is installed at the roof edge to protect any exposed roof sheathing or fascia Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Debris that has accumulated at roof to wall intersections is removed for example near a dormer or a chimney Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Roof to wall intersections are sided with a noncombustible or ignition resistant siding product Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ EAVES Y N NA Venting exists in the soffit material and between the soffit and attic space Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Any vents in the eaves are covered with inch mesh corrosion resistant metal mesh screening Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA If the home does have open eave framing vents have closure devices made of inch thin sheet metal closures can _ be removed or opened after the wildfire threat has passed Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________

Page 5

Resources ROOF VENTS Free Y N NA Attic vents located on the roof are covered with inch corrosion resistant metal mesh screening Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Attic vents located on the roof are free of debris Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA inch screening is attached to the roof sheathing under turbine vents Inspect this area through the attic where the vent attaches to the roof Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA The home has low profile vents instead of dormer type through roof vents Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Ridge vents are rated for high wind rain exposure Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ SKYLIGHTS Free Y N NA Accumulated debris is removed vegetation is pruned and overhanging limbs are trimmed near any skylight Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA The home has tempered glass skylights instead of dome type skylights Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Operable skylights are kept closed when a wildfire threatens Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ CHIMNEY Free Y N NA Chimney and stovepipe outlets are covered with a non flammable corrosion resistant screen of inch wire mesh or smaller Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Chimney is at least 10 feet away from any tree branches Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ SIDING Free Y N NA Siding and corner trim of the home is made of a noncombustible or ignition resistant material Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA There is a six inch clearance between the foundation and siding so the siding does not extend to the grade Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Embers cannot accumulate or lodge anywhere on or around the siding of the home Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________

Page 6

Resources Y N NA Caulk is applied at trim to siding locations where it is missing or has failed Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ WINDOWS Y N NA All windows are dual or multi pane preferably with tempered glass instead of single pane Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Window screening is installed to improve performance against radiant heat exposures and to minimize the size and number of embers that could enter the home Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ FOUNDATIONS Free Y N NA Open crawl space style foundations are enclosed with a noncombustible material a process sometimes called skirting Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Enclosed spaces are ventilated according to local building code requirements Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA All foundation vents have inch corrosion resistant metal screening that is in good condition Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Combustible materials stored in the crawl space or under the building are removed for a non skirted open crawl space style foundation Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ EXTERIOR WALL VENTS Free Y N NA Closeable foundation vents are closed when a wildfire threatens but opened after the wildfire has passed Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Non closeable vents have detached closure devices that can be easily accessed and attached during a wildfire and removed after the threat has passed Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Dryer vents and wall mounted air openings for furnaces are screened with inch corrosion resistant metal mesh Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Dryer vent is closed unless the dryer is running Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ DECK Free Y N NA The deck is built of noncombustible materials Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________

Page 7

Resources Y N NA For decks that overhang a steep slope defensible space is sufficient to reduce flame length and minimize flames spreading up the hill so it is less likely that flames will come in contact with the underside of the deck Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA A noncombustible wall is installed across the slope approximately 15 to 20 feet from the edge of the deck Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA For decks that overlook a wooded area trees are thinned and ladder fuels removed to minimize the chance of fire moving into the upper portion of the trees Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Combustible materials are not stored on or under the deck and are placed at least 30 feet away from the home such as grill tanks Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Debris is removed between deck board joints and other areas where debris can accumulate Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA There are no rotted or degraded deck boards or structural support members Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Combustible items like deck furniture and cushions can be moved inside or as far away from the house as possible when a wildfire threatens Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ FENCE Y N NA Fencing attached directly to the home is made of noncombustible material and at least five feet long Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA There is no climbing vegetation growing on the fence Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ DETACHED STRUCTURES Free Y N NA Detached structures i e sheds playsets trellises are at least 30 feet from the home Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Every detached structure has defensible space Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Detached structures are made of noncombustible materials Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Vegetation is maintained on trellis type structures and pruned regularly to remove dead undergrowth Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________

Page 8

Resources SUPPRESSION Free Y N NA Address marking is at least three inches tall or larger to ensure it is readable Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Driveway is at least 12 feet wide or more and unobstructed Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Gates are wide enough to accommodate emergency equipment Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Y N NA Trees and shrubs overhanging the road are trimmed to a minimum of 13 feet to allow emergency vehicles to pass Suggested Action _______________________________________________________________________________ Additional Recommendations