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What Your 4th Grader Should Learn in 4th Grade
Recommended skills your 4th grader should know before advancing to the next grade.
Uses specific examples from the text to explain characters’ motivations, main events,
central themes or ideas about a text.
Uses the context of a text to determine the meaning of a word.
Understands and can explain the differences between narrative prose, drama and
Identifies and refers to the different parts of a poem and plays such as verses, settings,
and characters.
Identifies, compares and contrasts different perspectives from which texts are written.
(For example, 1st and 3rd person).
Compares and contrasts the way different texts address the same issue, theme or topic.
Makes connections between people, events or important ideas in a text.
Uses previous knowledge to read unfamiliar multi-syllable words.
Reads grade-level texts with accurate comprehension, pacing and expression.
Use more advanced reading comprehension strategies to understand text, including
making inferences, determining the main idea and identifying key details.
Synthesize information from two texts.
Support analytical thinking with specific examples from the text.
Summarize information.
Interpret information from charts, images, videos, timelines and diagrams.
Compare and contrast information read.
Proficiently read at grade level four in both fiction and nonfiction texts.
Learn new vocabulary words using context clues.
Writes opinion pieces which express a point of view and which have an introduction, a
conclusion, reasons and facts to support the opinion and groups together related ideas.
Writes informative/explanatory pieces which present information on a topic, use facts
and details, group together related topics, and provides and introduction and conclusion.
Writes narrative pieces which use specific details, descriptions and dialogue to convey a
real event and includes an introduction and conclusion.
Plans, revises and edits his/her writing.
Uses technology to publish, research and communicate with others under the proper
guidance of a teacher.
Types with beginning accuracy and ability. (For example, types one page of text within
one sitting).
Completes research projects by taking notes, organizing them and presenting them.
Texts and resources used are also listed.
Writes for both long (over weeks) and shorter (one sitting, or a day or two) periods of
Know the basic parts of speech.
Write a structured paragraph with a topic sentence, supporting details and a closing
Use punctuation such as commas, apostrophes and quotation marks appropriately.
Understand synonyms, antonyms and homophones.
Identify prefixes and suffixes.
Use research to write an informational report.
Write description and persuasive texts.
Uses addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to solve word problems, including
word problems that require multiple steps and computation.
Adds and subtracts multi-digit numbers.
Multiplies a number that has up to 4 digits by a 1 digit number, (for example, 2345 x 6)
and multiplies two 2 digit numbers by each other, (for example, 13 X 16).
Solves division equations which include remainders.
Solves word problems which measure distance, time, size, money and area and
Predicts answers to word problems and equations based on knowledgeable estimation.
Understands the concepts of and learns the multiples and factors for numbers 1-100.
Follows a pattern or set of guidelines to determine a number. For example: Start with 5.
Add 3, five times and subtract 1. What number are you left with?
Compares and explains why one fraction is bigger or smaller than another, using visuals
and/or common denominators.
Understand improper fractions and mixed numbers.
Reduce fractions.
Begins to add and subtract fractions, including through word problems.
Begins to write and compare fractions as decimals.
Convert decimals to fractions and fractions to decimals.
Round decimals.
Be able to place decimals on a number line.
Reads and writes multi-digit numbers using bases of ten and expanded forms. For
example: 4,538 = 4 thousands, 5 hundreds, 3 tens and 8 ones.
Compares multi-digit number using < and >.
Rounds multi-digit numbers to any place.
Creates and uses graphs to represent data and answer questions and specifically
creates line plots.
Begins to learn about, measure, and decipher the angles of a shape.
Explains her thinking and how she solves math equations and word problems both
verbally and through writing.
Interpret information in a graph.
Use data to make a graph.
Compare large numbers.
Understand negative numbers.
Multiply three- and four-digit numbers including numbers with zero.
Find common multiples.
Understand prime and composite numbers.
Accurately measure length, weight, capacity and temperature in both customary and
metric units.
Add and subtract time and money.
Understand lines and rays, angles, lines, polygons and the area of rectangle.
Solve multi-step word problems.
Conducts experiments using the scientific method: 1.Observes and Researches 2.
Develops a Hypothesis (based on observations and research) 3. Makes Predictions 4.
Experiments 5. Develops a Conclusion
Develops further questions to research and experiment with based on previously done
experiments and previously realized conclusions.
Writes about and orally presents the findings and conclusion of an experiment.
Researches and takes notes on information on a variety of topics using texts and
Collects and uses data to support experiments and what he learns.
Experiments with different types of materials and different matter such as solid, liquids,
and gas.
Works independently, in partnerships, small groups and as a class to conduct
experiments and create projects.
Study Electricity
Study Geology
Systems of the human body
Life Science- classify plants and animals according to their characteristics, study the life
cycles of animals and plants
Earth Science- Earth, Sun, Moon, Solar System, moon phases and constellations
Weather- Clouds types, formations, weather cycle
Physical Science-magnetism and static electricity, electrical circuits,characteristics of
Social Studies
World geography including maps, hemispheres, coordinates, mountains and scale.
History, including your home state, the American Revolution, the Constitution, the Bill of
Rights and the early presidents.
Researches, organizes and presents his/her research on various topics, events and
Discusses topics focusing on explaining his/her opinion using specific details, facts and
reasons to support his/her opinion.
Reads primary and secondary sources about different events, people and topics.
Uses technology to research both past and current events and topics.
Deepens his/her understanding of government and civic responsibility.
Deepens his/er understanding of basic economic principles and how one’s community
affects his/her economy and business.
Uses and creates multiple types of sources including art, film, poetry and fiction to learn
and show what s/he has learned about historical events and social studies topics.
Understands different concepts such as cause and effect in order to explain and learn
why things happen or happened.
Compares different events and retellings of the same event.
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