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2015 Stud Breeders Middle Management Seminar 

Lecturers Notes and Schedule

2015  SEMINAR NOTES  STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR Hunter Valley Equine Research Centre
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  TABLE OF CONTENTS  Page  Schedule of lectures  2-5  LECTURES Lecture 1  The dry mare  6-15...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Hunter Valley Equine Research Centre Hunter Thoroughbred Breeders NSW Breeders  Schedule o...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  11.30     12.30pm  Lecture 3  The wet mare     Foal heat  Vet. Sean Finan MVB      Lactati...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  DAY 2  Wednesday 5th August 2015 Time 8.15     Session     Registration and coffee  Speake...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  2.00      Lecture 11  X-Rays and scoping  3.00pm      Survey radiographs    How, Why   Whe...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 1   The dry mare  Jim Rodger BVMs MRCVSc FACVSc  Hunter Valley Equine Research Cen...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  THE DRY MARE, OESTRUS, VERNAL TRANSITION, AND PREGNANCY DIAGNOSIS Dr Jim Rodger, Jerry   s...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  depending on the individual. By this time the brain, pituitary and reproductive tract star...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  After the primary follicle ovulates there are cellular changes in the empty follicle. Unde...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  So vernal transition, or    spring heating    is an annual event. It is the transition fro...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  The body likes using balances of hormones, or sometimes pulsatile releases of hormones to ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  BEWARE  3 days interruption to the programme once started may reset the programme at start...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  To further investigate the role of melatonin in the mare Guillaume   Palmer in France did ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Chorionic gonadotrophin is produced from 40-90 days with a maximum reliability at around 6...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 2   Pregnancy assessment   maintenance  Dr Joan Carrick BVSc MVSc PhD  Hunter Vall...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Pregnancy Assessment and Maintenance Dr Joan Carrick, Specialist in Equine Medicine, Scone...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  WHAT CAUSES POOR PLACENTAS   Mare General Health It is critically important that the mare ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  vaccination and stringent biosecurity protocols. Ideally mare should be kept in the same s...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  umbilical cord but there has not been any research done in this field. It can be quite har...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  A high progesterone level in late pregnancy indicates that the damaged placenta is not abl...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Treatment  Many mares that have slipped are treated with altrenogest and monthly antibioti...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 3   The wet mare  Sean Finan MVB  Hunter Valley Equine Research Centre  Page 24
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  The Wet Mare Foal Heat Breeding, Lactational Anoestrus   The Problem Mare Dr Sean Finan  F...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  include a 10-20  reduction in pregnancy rate and an increased rate of early embryonic deat...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  The Problem Mare  The problem mare is a very broad topic with entire books dedicated to th...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Biopsy   This involves the harvesting of a small portion of the uterine wall and evaluatin...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Uterine clearance is also promoted by lavage of the uterus with saline. This technique dil...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 4   Insights in to the foaling mare  Wendy Perriam BSc BVMS MANZCVSc CMAVA  with  ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Basics of Foaling - Care of the mare before, during and after, and of the foal at birth Dr...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  During the last week of gestation an unknown stimulus results in a hormonal change in the ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  The mare may be restless, frequently urinate or defecate, sweat, have a reduced appetite a...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  head- this may reduce the likelihood of the mare accidentally stepping on the foal when sh...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  The immediate postpartum examination is extremely important as early detection of abnormal...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  transfer is diagnosed when Igg is 4-8g L  supplementation may also be considered for these...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Observation   Considerations   Mucus membranes  Should be moist and pink with swift refill...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  The Placenta  The placenta should pass within 3 hours. Every placenta should be routinely ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  foetal urine and placental cells. It is of no clinical significance. The umbilical cord ha...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  First rule of obstetrics   Cleanliness  Second rule  Lubrication  Third rule   Compassion ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Once the foal is delivered it at risk of a range of hypoxia induced disorders, as well as ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  removal is contraindicated. Veterinary intervention usually involves large volume lavage t...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 5   Routine foal care  Niamh Collins MVB MSc DipECEIM  Hunter Valley Equine Resear...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Routine Foal Care- What Issues Can They Encounter In the First Month of Life Dr Niamh Coll...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Table 1  Parameters of a newborn foal. Normal newborn foal  Abnormal newborn foal Bright r...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Common diseases of foals in the first month of life There are unfortunately many diseases ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Table 2  Risk factors associated with Neonatal Syndrome Predisposing factors   Examples   ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  disease include a loss of affinity for the mare, aimless wandering, lethargy, and weakness...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  reflex is strong and the foal is capable of nursing without milk aspiration. The introduct...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  3. The cause of the foal   s early delivery can have important implications for the foal  ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  normal foal is expected to stand within an hour of birth and nurse from the mare within 2 ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  2  Abnormal gestation length- prematurity 3  Failure of passive transfer, poor hygiene, ov...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  cultures are definitive proof of the presence of bacteria within the blood stream, but a m...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  due to the reduction in oxygen-carrying capacity of the foal   s blood. Lethargy, weakness...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  abnormalities are essential. Intravenous fluids and electrolytes are used in moderately to...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 6   Deworming   Vaccinations in the horse  Dr Catherine Chicken BVSc PhD MACVSc Di...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Deworming and vaccination of horses on stud farms Dr Catherine Chicken Internal Parasite C...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  different from S. vulgaris, thus strategies designed for S. vulgaris will not be appropria...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  with resulting broken hairs and bare patches around the tail and buttocks, is characterist...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  cutaneous larvae and against adults of H muscae. Moxidectin is also effective against adul...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Anthelmintics for treating internal parasites in horses  There are three main classes of a...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Many commercial wormers use combinations of 2 or more compounds from these classes of drug...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Anthelmintic Resistance  Due to the emergence in many countries of resistance to most of t...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  treatment to check drug efficacy. If resistance has emerged  as shown by a  95  reduction ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Since ML   s are the cornerstone of equine worm control and make up the bulk of registered...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Summary for Parasite Control From  AAEP Parasite Control Guidelines,developed by the AAEP ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Daily pyrantel tartrate or a moxidectin can be considered for suppression of egg shedding ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Disease control and vaccination strategies on horse farms Introduction  When designing dis...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Principles of Vaccination  A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Recommended vaccination protocols     search    stud protocols    on the Scone Equine Hosp...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  M are Vaccin ation Fully Vaccinated Mare      Tetanus Strangles  Previously vaccinated pre...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR   Strangles, Salmonella, Rotavirus and Herpes vaccination will help prevent disease, and re...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Vaccine The vaccine is a formalin-inactivated, adjuvanted toxoid that induces strong serol...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  some individuals will die from the disease. Following natural infection a horse may become...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  groups in the first two to three months after birth, removing them from the herd with an a...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR       For adult horses that are unvaccinated or have unknown vaccination history, it is rec...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Rotavirus is very stable and can survive for up to nine months in the environment. Farms w...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  enterica isolates is concerning both in dealing with nosocomial infections and zoonosis  i...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  identification and strict isolation of salmonellae-infected horses is indicated. Biosecuri...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  occasionally present as enlargement of the lymph nodes that drain the upper respiratory tr...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR       Securing the area and ensuring appropriate biosecurity measures for in contact person...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  virus spreads from flying foxes to horses,  spillover events  causing severe disease, and ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Acknowledgements  Much of the information in these notes has been collated from other sour...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 7   Care of horses teeth  Sam Nugent BVSc.  Hon 1 . MANZCVS  Hunter Valley Equine ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  EQUINE DENTISTRY Dr Sam Nugent BVSc. Hon 1 .MANZCVS. Scone Equine Hospital, Scone, NSW.  T...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  tooth bud until they erupt into wear  the tooth root develops . The teeth will continue to...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  or head carriage problems, head tilt when eating, foul smelling breath, excess salivation,...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Caps. This is where the deciduous teeth are retained over the erupting permanent tooth. Th...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Diastemes A cheek tooth diastema is a detectable space between adjacent teeth. As mentione...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  visually and palpated for any abnormality. This is impossible to do without a good quality...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 8   Equine nutrition  Dr Caroline Foote BSc.Agr.MSc. PhD  Hunter Valley Equine Res...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Feeding the pregnant mare and foal to sale ring Dr Caroline Foote  Feeding broodmares and ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Energy requirement of broodmares before and after foaling. Growing foals have a certain en...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Minerals and Vitamins  Dietarily, minerals and vitamins should be regarded as a group rath...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Importance of minerals and vitamins in stud farm nutrition Nutrient  Deficiency symptoms  ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Developmental Orthopaedic Disease and Nutrition Developmental Orthopaedic Disease  DOD  en...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  University of Qld study  Radiograph results of foals born from mares fed higher versus low...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 9   A    Horses Foot     Luke Wells-Smith BVSc  Hunter Valley Equine Research Cent...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  The Equine Hoof  Management on a Thoroughbred Stud Farm Dr Luke Wells-Smith BVSc The manag...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  type of ground surface, the environment moisture content, individual conformation of the h...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  a horse is training in a rim shoe  open heel shoe , the load over the frog and digital cus...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  toed    appearance will wear the lateral  outside  aspect of the hoof wall and the medial ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  To ensure we limit rapid growth phases diet and exercise needs to be controlled. This can ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  detached hoof wall needs to be removed as it will impinge on the new growth of hoof wall a...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  and to perform a glucose feeding trial. Horses, with the exception of ponies, even with EM...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  limb laminitis in the hospital scenario is in cases of limb fracture or synovial infection...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  applied the correct mechanics to the foot. The measurements and findings are not improving...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  1. Reduce the tension on the deep digital flexor tendon 2. Shift the load to the back half...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 10   Foal confirmation   correction  Michael    Spook    Neville Master Farrier  H...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  ANGULAR LIMB DEFORMITIES IN FOALS Michael    Spook    Neville Goals  Angular limb deformit...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Consideration should then be given to muscle, height, and the environment, and lastly, whe...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  COMMON ALD CONDITIONS IN FOALS  Offset or Benched Knees and Varus  Deviating in  Fetlocks ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Hunter Valley Equine Research Centre  Page 120
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Narrow Chest Base Wide, Rotate in with Varus fetlock Quite common in lighter breeds  t bre...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Rotate Out Another of the more common limb deformities - also one of the hardest to correc...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  As long weaners or yearlings, exercise to develop chest muscles can help  aquatread, ponyi...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Forward Knees     Down in Pasterns - Bowing in Flight  Each year I have noted 2     3 foal...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Windswept  Foals born with a windswept conformation  front limbs aiming left  hind limbs a...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Upright  Ballerina syndrome     Contracted Tendons  Many foals are born with or acquire ma...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  If a wedged Dalric is glued, the wedge can be rasped down into a rocker shape as the foal ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Hunter Valley Equine Research Centre  Page 128
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Valgus Knee  Carpus  or Medial Deviation  The valgus knee conformation is very common in y...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Grade 1 valgus knee cases are generally self-corrected     a level trim, RX 10     14 days...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Flaccid tendons  Many foals are born with flaccid tendons  down in pastern  more common in...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Hind Limb Varus Deformities  There are a remarkable percentage of newborn foals with varus...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Hunter Valley Equine Research Centre  Page 133
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Long Pointy Hind Toes  He untrimmed foal, even at 10     12 days, can produce a long point...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Applying Dalric Extensions Dalric extensions are a great aide in the treatment of many  AL...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  cases a bulging of the coronary band can occur which is an actual expansion of the coronar...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 11   X-Rays and Scoping  Angus Adkins BVSc FACVSc  Hunter Valley Equine Research C...
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STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  Lecture 12   Weanling to Sale ring  Sam Fairgray  Hunter Valley Equine Research Centre  Pa...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  YEARLINGS SALE ENTRY AND SELECTION VENDOR      Choosing a sale for your yearling     Sale ...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  SALES COMPANY      When to enter your yearling     Sale entries open     Catalogues finali...
STUD MIDDLE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR  NOTES                                                                                     ...