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What is it?-Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for body functioning and muscle activity

How does it help the body?-Glucose is used as fuel for the body or is stored in the muscle and liver as glycogen

How can it hurt the body?-Eating too much sugar can increase your triglyceride levels, and that may increase your risk of heart disease

How much should one have of this nutrient? 55-60% of your diet

Carbohydrates can be found in fruits, vegetables



CARBOHYDRATES


What is it?-Fats are the most concentrated form of energy from the foods we eat. 

How does it help the body?- Fats are a second most important source of energy when carbohydrates are used up. They also carry some vitamins.

How can it hurt the body?- Trans fats raise your bad cholesterol levels and lower your good cholesterol levels.  Eating trans fats increases your risk of developing heart disease and stroke.

How much should one have of this nutrient?-10-30%

Sugar makes you fat, not fat!


FATS

What is it?-Protein is the main building material for blood, skin, hair, nails, organs and muscles

How does it help the body?-Protein is used as a fuel source only when carbohydrates and fats aren't enough.

How can it hurt the body? -Too much protein equals too much nitrogen equals kidneys overworking equals kidney failure

How much should one have of this nutrient?-10-15%

The word protein is derived from the Greek word 'proteios' which means "primary" or "in the lead".

PROTEINS

What is it?-Organic compounds that are used for human growth a nutrition.

How does it help the body?-Vitamins help in the development of body structures. They help convert fat and carbohydrates into energy.  

How can it hurt the body?-Too much vitamin C or zinc could cause nausea, diarrhea, and stomach cramps.

How much should one have of this nutrient?-You should take a multivitamin daily

polar bear liver is so rich in Vitamin A that eating an entire liver can be kill you? 


VITAMINS

What is it?-Minerals occur in the environment and are absorbed up the food chain into plants and animals.

How does it help the body?-They help with metabolism, biological reactions, water balance, hormone production, and bone development.

How can it hurt the body?-Too much iron can be toxic, causing symptoms like fatigue, joint pain, and depression

How much should one have of this nutrient?-Most adults need about 1,000 milligrams of calcium per day, but only about 10 to 15 milligrams of iron and zinc per day.

Scientists who study minerals are called mineralogists.

MINERALS



What is it?-About 70% to 80% of the human body is water.

How does it help the body?- Water helps gives structure and form to the body, it allows an environment necessary for cell metabolism, and provides a way for the body to maintain temperature

How can it hurt the body?-Drinking too much water or not having a way to remove it can cause water levels to build up. 

How much should one have of this nutrient?-"Drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water a day

There is the same amount of water on Earth as there was when the Earth was formed






WATER

  • 10 unhealthiest SNACKS vs. 10 healthiest SNACKS






Chocolate

Cookies

Muffin 

Candy

Lunch meat

Protein bar

Chips

Gushers

Soda

Fro yo


Popcorn

Edamame

Boiled eggs

Dried fruits

Hummus

Jerky

Cottage cheese

Nuts

Trail mix

Chocolate milk

It's healthy because it contains heart healthy substances and good fats. It lowers bad cholesterol levels and a bag of mixed nuts is about $7.

It's unhealthy because it contains excess amounts of sugar. Too much sugar can cause diabetes. A bag of Herseys is about $9.

Chocolate milk is healthy because it has natural caffeine from cocoa and it has a good balance of carbs and protein. It helps contribute to our teeth. A gallon of 1% chocolate milk is about $2.

Soda is unhealthy because it can cause dehydration from all the sugar. It causes plaque to build up on teeth and leads to cavities. A 12 pack of soda costs about $5.

Carrots and hummus are healthy because it contains fiber protein and lots of vitamins. It helps digestion and the intestinal track. A container of hummus plus a bag of carrots is about $4.

Chips and salsa are bad because chips contain fats that can lead to weight gain. Being overweight can lead to diabetes and/or heart disease. A bag of chips plus a container of salsa is about $9.

They are good for you because they boost fiber and supply you with lots of antioxidants. The reduce oxidative damage in the body. and bag of dried fruits is about $3.

Candy is unhealthy because it has lot and lots of sugar. It causes cavities and rots teeth and can lead to diabetes. A bag of candy costs about $10

It's healthy because it's high in protein and it doesn't raise your levels of insulin. Its good for fueling you up. It costs about $7.


It's unhealthy because it has excess fat and causes fatty build up in your arteries. It costs about $5

Its healthy because it helps with weight loss. they fuel your body for activities. It costs about $5

It's unhealthy because it has refined sugars which add extra fat to your diet and cause diabetes and heart disease. It costs about $7 for a box of cookies.

They are full of vitamins and minerals. They give you protein and help control hunger. A dozen eggs is about $3


Candy bars have too much sugar and fat and cause artery build up. they cost about $2

It's healthy because it contains vitamins and other key nutrients. It helps fight against heart disease and it costs about $2.

It unhealthy because it contains excess sugar also having too many bad carbs is bad for you. That can cause weight gain and diabetes. It costs about $3 for muffin mix.

Popcorn is healthy because it is a whole grain snack.The kernels act as fiber in the digestive track and it costs about $6.

They are unhealthy because they provide no nutritional value and they are very sugary and can rot teeth. A box of gushers costs about $5.

It's healthy because it provides calcium to your diet. It helps grow bones and keep bones strong. It costs about $3.

Its unhealthy because it possesses a lot of extra sugar and fat which can lead to heart disease and diabetes. It costs about $5.