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A national Park and Monument alphabet

Y is for Yellowstone

By Aaron

Y is for Yellowstone

Maine has beautiful mountains and coastland. Acadia National Park protects these areas along the Atlantic coast of Maine. The park contains 47,000 acres of  mountains, coastline, forests, ponds, marshland and fields where you can explore and take part in recreational activities. There are seven peaks over 100 ft, 120 mi of trails, 45mi of roads, 17 stone bridges, and four lighthouses in the park. You can hike, fish, rock climb, bike, ride horses, white water raft, whale watch, camp and more at Acadia.

A

a

A is for Acadia

Acadia is 

A mountainous range 

Everything there 

Is wonder, not strange



Badlands National Park is a wonderful place to visit. Housed in South Dakota, it  is 242,756 acres long. Badlands Park holds 39 different mammal species, 9 reptile species, 6 amphibian species, 206 bird species, and 69 butterfly species. It also contains one of the world’s richest fossil beds.You’ll find prairie dogs, longhorn sheep, bison and the black footed ferret. The striking landscape has been used in movies including Dances With Wolves and Thunderheart.

B

b

B is for Badlands

Badlands Park 

Has tons of fossils

And it is 

Extremely colossal

Crater Lake is very pure because it is only from rain and snow, and at 1,943 feet deep, it is the deepest lake in the USA. It is also the ninth deepest lake in the world. Crater lake National Park was founded may 22 1902. The park is a great place for hiking, camping, snowshoeing, cross country skiing, boating and enjoying the outdoors. Crater lake formed 7,700 years ago. The park is home to a variety of animals. You may see Canadian lynxes, bobcats, black bears, timberwolves and porcupines or some of the many raptors that live in the park, including Peregrine falcons and bald eagles.

C

c

is for Crater Lake

Oh, great Crater Lake 

Is extremely deep

And formed from a volcano

That had been asleep

Devils Tower is an ancient, huge rock formation in Wyoming. It is 5112 feet tall, and the oldest rocks are 225-195 million years old. Scientists are not sure about how Devils Tower was formed but they have three main theories. One of the main theories is came from scientists named Darton and O’Hara in 1907, and it is that Devils Tower is the eroded remnant of a laccolith. A laccolith is a mushroom shaped mass of rock. Another main theory is that it is the neck of an extinct volcano. The third theory is that Devils Tower is a stock. A stock is a small intrusive body formed by magma which cooled underground and was later exposed by eruption.

D

d

is for devils tower

The climbers scale 

The sheer rock wall

At 5000 feet, 

They don't want to fall

Visiting Everglades National Park is an exciting and educational experience. Everglades National Park is located in Dade, Monroe and Collier counties in southern Florida.The park covers 1.5 million acres of the Everglades tropical wetlands. Congress established the park in 1934 to protect the diverse ecosystem and it was also designated an International Biosphere Reserve, a Wetland of International Importance and a World Heritage Site. The park receives over one million visitors each year and is the third largest national park in the United States. You can explore the park by hiking, take boat tours, kayaking, biking, canoeing, bird watching and, camping. You can even go on a slough slog, which is an off-trail, Ranger guided tour through wetlands into a cypress dome. The park is home to a huge assortment of plants and animals including 36 endangered animal species. Some of the endangered animals you could see include the Florida Panther,American Crocodile, American Alligator, West Indian Manatee and the Wood Stork.  

E

e

E is for Everglades

At Everglades Park 

You can explore in a canoe

You’ll see swampland with mangroves

And maybe a croc or two

Fossil Butte National Monument is an amazing archaeological site and a wonderful place to visit in Southwestern Wyoming’s cold Sagebrush desert, 10 miles west of Kemmerer New York. A butte is an isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top. Fossil Butte rises sharply 1000 feet above Twin Creek Valley to an elevation of more than 7,500 feet above sea level. It contains 8,198 acres and protects a portion of the largest deposit of freshwater fish fossils in the world. Fossil Butte National Monument contains a huge array of Eocene Epoch (56-34 million years ago) animal and plant fossils associated with Fossil Lake. It preserves the best paleontological record of Cenozoic aquatic communities in North America, within the 50-million-year-old Green river formation. Fossils preserved include fish, alligators, bats, turtles, dog-sized horses, insects and many other species.

F

f

F is for Fossil Butte

At Fossil Butte National Monument

See all the fossils you wish 

 From all kinds of animals

Especially fish

The Grand Canyon National Park is centered around the Grand Canyon, which  is a deep canyon carved by the Colorado River, located in Arizona. The canyon is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles across and 1 mile deep. It is difficult to determine the exact age of the canyon, most scientists estimate that is was carved over 5-6 million years, but some estimates are up to 70 million years. The gradual erosion that formed the canyon has left beautiful and awe-inspiring layer of stone that can be seen in the sides of the canyon. You can go down to the floor of the canyon by foot, by boat or raft in the river, or on mule back. The park is home to animals including bison, scorpions, snakes and one of the highest bat species diversity in the United States.  

G

g

is for Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon

Is so deep

18 miles across 

You can't make the leap

The Hoover Dam is a concrete arch-gravity dam with astounding functionality on the Colorado River, located at the border between Nevada and Arizona. It was built between 1931 and 1936. The Hoover Dam was built in order to provide water and hydroelectric power for the Southwestern U.S. It  created Lake Mead, the largest Reservoir in the world. It provides water to almost 20 million people in Arizona, California and Nevada, and is an important source of water for irrigation of farmland. The Hoover Dam holds enough water for to irrigate 2 million acres. The dam’s 17 turbines generate electricity for 1.3 million homes. It was dedicated to Herbert Hoover on September 30th, 1975 by Franklin D Roosevelt. The Hoover Dam  was designated a National Historical Landmark in 1985, and one of America's Seven Modern Civil Engineering Wonders in 1994.

H

h

H is for Hoover Dam

 Hoover Dam Provides 

electrical power 

and gives water to

small growing flowers.

Independence National Park is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and and preserves several places associated with our nation's founding and the American Revolution, including the Liberty Bell and Independence Hall. Independence Hall was where the Declaration of Independence was adopted on July 4th, 1776,  the US Constitution was also debated and adopted there. It has been nicknamed, “ America's most historic square mile.”  It also holds the Benjamin Franklin Museum.

I

i

I is for Independence National Historical Park

Independence Park is where our

 government was created 

and where the Constitution

 was signed and dated

The Jefferson Memorial is a memorial in Washington, DC dedicated to Thomas Jefferson, one of the most important founders of the U.S. The memorial building was built from 1939-1943 and the bronze statue of Jefferson was added in 1947. It was designed by John Russell Pope. The memorial is constructed of marble columns with a domed roof, and is partially open. Congress appropriated $3 million after an inquiry from Franklin Roosevelt in 1934. The interior walls are decorated with excerpts from the Declaration of Independence, which Jefferson primarily authored. There are also other quotes from Jefferson’s many letters and other writings.

J

j

is for Jefferson Memorial

Thomas Jefferson 

was president number three

 and his memorial 

is a sight to see

Klondike Gold Rush National Park is a fascinating, educational National Park located in Alaska and Washington State. It commemorates and educates about the Klondike Gold rush of the late 1890’s, and its influence on the development of Alaska and the Seattle, Washington area.The park preserves the story of the stampedes to the Yukon gold fields in the late 1890s. It has an outdoor playground, kids activity center and many hiking trails. There are old buildings including stores and saloons that have been restored to depict that boom towns that sprung up during the gold rush. 

K

k

is for Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park

Stampeders came rushing

to find gold

if you follow the trail

you can see buildings of old  

The Lincoln Memorial is a historic monument in Washington, DC to honor the 16th U.S. President, Abraham Lincoln. The memorial is located on the National Mall, across from the Washington Monument. It was dedicated on May 30, 1922. The memorial structure was built in the style of a Greek temple, it is surrounded by 36 columns, which represent the 36 states in the Union at the time of Lincoln’s death. Inside, there is a 60 foot by 60 foot statue of Abraham Lincoln seated in a chair. The walls inside the memorial are inscribed with portions of his famous Gettysburg Address. The inner walls are also decorated with mural that highlights themes and values of Lincoln’s life, including freedom, liberty and justice. The main steps leading up to the memorial were the setting of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s famous “I have a dream” speech.

L

l

is for Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial

In Washington, DC

Honors Abe Lincoln,

16th President was he

Mesa Verde National Park is a great park in Montezuma County, Colorado. The name, Mesa Verde means ‘green table’ in Spanish. Mesa Verde National Park preserves over 5000 archaeological sites where Ancestral Pueblo people lived. They lived here from 600-1300 A.D. Mesa Verde National Park contains remnants of the Sun Temple, believed to be an astronomical observatory and ceremonial site. You can also see some of the largest cliff dwellings found in America, these were homes built into the sides of cliffs.

M

m

is for Mesa Verde

Mesa Verde Park,

The green table

Visit the cliff dwellings 

Whenever you’re able.


New Orleans Jazz National Park is a fascinating place, that was created in Tremé neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana. It was made in 1994 to celebrate the origins and evolution of jazz. New Orleans is widely recognized as the birthplace of jazz and the park contains many important places associate with the development of jazz. Park rangers provide formal and informal interpretive discussions.There are live musical performances at the park.

N

n

is for New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park

Jazz National Park 

honors Jazz songs 

like the ones made 

by Louis Armstrong

An amazing place, Olympic National Park is in Washington state on the Olympic Peninsula. It was Designated a National Park by Franklin Roosevelt in 1938. It is home to threatened and endangered species like the northern spotted owl,marbled murrelet, bald eagle, bull trout and Puget sound Chinook salmon. Eight native tribes have lied here since the 1800s. These tribes are the Hoh Ozette Makah, Quinault, Quileute, Queets, Lower Elwha, Klallam, and Jamestown S'Klallam.

O

o

O is for Olympic National Park

In Olympic National Park

It's a beautiful day out

For endangered species

Like the bull trout


Presidents Park is a great place to go, and it is the White House and the land surrounding it.  President's Park and the land surrounding the White House has a number of monuments, memorials, and statues. Some of these monuments include the Andrew Jackson Statue, Baron Von Steuben Statue, Marquis de Lafayette Statue, Marshal Rochambeau Statue, and Thaddeus Kosciuszko Statue in Lafayette Park. In order to tour the White House you must make a reservation months in advance through your Congressional representative. All of the U.S. Presidents after George Washington lived in the White House. 



P

p

P is for Presidents Park

Presidents Park

Is in Washington, DC

It is the White House

You can tour is for free

The Quinn Canyon Wilderness is a protected wilderness area in Nevada. The U.S. Congress designated the area to become a protected space by the Nevada Wilderness Act of 1989. It contains 26,256 acres of wilderness centered around the Quinn Canyon mountain range.Visitors can enjoy many recreational activities here but no motorized equipment or mechanical transport may be used.The “leave no trace” principle is expected of all who visit in order to preserve this wildlife refuge.

Q

q

is for Quinn Canyon Wilderness

At Quinn Canyon Wilderness

You can see lots of stars

But vehicles are prohibited

So you can’t bring your cars

The park system is made up of four great parks to visit, located along California’s coast in Del Norte and Humboldt counties.The parks protect 45% of all remaining redwood old-growth forests. Redwood trees are the tallest tree species on Earth.The average age of the trees in the parks is 500-750 years old. Over 40 mammal species live in the parks; including black bears, coyotes, cougars, bobcats, beavers, river otters, black tailed deer and elk.The ecosystem within the parks provides a home to threatened animal species such as the Chinook salmon, northern spotted owl and Steller's sea lion.

R

r

is for Redwood National Park

Redwood Park holds

Earth’s tallest trees

Most redwoods have been logged

So protect them, please

The Statue of Liberty is an important symbol of our country’s welcoming history that everyone will want to experience. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on Oct 28, 1876, and it was a gift to the U.S from France. The Statue of Liberty is a copper figure of a robed woman representing Libertas, a Roman liberty goddess. She holds a torch in her right hand and a tablet In her left hand she with “July IV MDCCLXXVI”, July 4 1776 inscribed on it, this was the date of the U.S. declaration of independence. A broken chain is at her feet, this is symbol of freedom.

S

s

is for Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty 

Is such a welcoming sight

With her crown and tablet

And torch with the light

Timpanogos Caves National Monument is a fascinating place to visit. The monument protects a natural cave system on Mount Timpanogos, which is located in Utah. There are three interconnected caves that you can tour with a guide.The caves have been connected with man-made tunnels. The caves contain amazing natural formations. You will see helictites, which are unique spiral shaped stalactites; green and yellow crystal formations and passages that have been formed along fault lines. The caves are only opened for six months due to snow and ice preventing access to the alpine location for half the year.

T

t

is for Timpangos Caves

Timpanogos Caves

Are in a great location

And contain 

Amazing rock formations



The U.S.S. Arizona Memorial is a place to learn about an important period in history and remember our soldiers. The U.S.S. Arizona Memorial is a memorial to those killed during the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 2, 1941. It is located in Pearl Harbor, HI at the site of the bombing, which was the start of American involvement in World War II. The memorial was designed by Hawaiian architect Alfred Preis. You can only get to the memorial by boat because it is a bridge floating above the wreckage of the U.S.S. Arizona without touching it.

U

u

is for U.S.S Arizona Memorial

This is a memorial

To the fallen servicemen

We go there to remember

What happened back then

A visit to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a somber and humbling experience.The Vietnam Veterans Memorial commemorates the U.S. members of the armed forces who served in the Vietnam War. The memorial is located Washington, DC adjacent to the National Mall. There are three parts to the memorial; the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall, the Three Soldiers statue and the Vietnam Women’s Memorial statue. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall lists the names of all soldiers killed or missing in action during the war, it is made of two long, dark walls in the shape of a “v”. People often visit and leave letters or mementoes at the wall for lost loved ones.

V

v

is for Vietnam Veterans Memorial

This memorial

Has three parts in all

Two of them sculptures 

And one is The Wall



The Washington Monument was built to honor our first president, George Washington. It is located in Washington, DC on the National Mall. The monument is an obelisk made of white marble, granite and bluestone gneiss, and it is the world’s tallest stone structure and the world’s tallest obelisk at 555 feet tall. It was designed by Robert Mills and was completed in 1884. There are 50 U.S flags encircling the monument to represent the 50 states.

W

w

is for Washington Monument

The monument built

For President number one

The tall obelisk was

555 feet when done

The Pony Express National Historic Trail is a great place to visit and commemorates the Pony Express which went through eight states and was the most direct way to deliver mail between the eastern and western United States. The trail is 2000 miles long and it follows the original Pony Express route. It passes through both public and private land in CA, LO, KS, MO, UT, NE, NV and WY. You can drive the trail starting in St. Joseph, MO to the end in Sacramento State Park in CA. Along the way there are many stops at museums and visitor centers to learn about the Pony Express.

X

x

X is for Pony Express

The Pony Express changed

How we sent the mail

You can visit today

To follow the trail

Yellowstone National Park is a historic park and a wonderful place to visit. It is located in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. It was the first National Park in the U.S. and maybe the world. The park was dedicated by congress and signed into law by Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. Yellowstone is centered over the largest supervolcano in North America, the Yellowstone Caldera. Yellowstone Park is the home of Old Faithful, a geyser that erupts every 91 minutes. A wide  array of animals live in Yellowstone, including grizzly bears, grey wolves, moose, elk, bison and many bird and fish species.

Y

y

Y is for Yellowstone

A wonderful sight

Great Yellowstone Park

Mainly in Wyoming

You should just embark

Zion National Park is an awesome National Park located in Utah, centered around the Zion canyon. It is at the junction of three regions with distinct geographical features the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin and the Mojave Desert. Due to the location the park contains areas of desert, forest, rivers, canyons, mountains, buttes, mesas and natural arches. There is also a diverse group of wildlife living in the park, including 78 species of mammal, 291 species of birds, 44 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 8 species of fish.

Z

z

is for Zion

Zion park has

The Colorado Plateau

You can see more species

Than you’ll ever know

Questions

1: What was the first national park? (Hint: Was in this book)

2: How many states did the Pony Express cross?

3:  How tall was the Washington Monument?

4: How often does Old Faithful erupt?

1: Yellowstone National Park

2: 8; Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, and California.

3: 555 ft

4: Once every 91 minutes

Answers

Word Search

L D N C E W X S O L H P T Y D 
L A Z O V Y D A B U B X H L E 
P S I F S N L X E F J P F N V 
X O X R A O G Q L H Q S O S I 
M K N L O E R H I T R Y S E L 
I A D Y Y M N Q S I N H N L S 
M A D S E L E Q K A H T I I T 
B O E R J X Z M C F G L V T O 
R R N F E U P D N D N I T P W 
E T T U B V N R M L Q O R E E 
D L Z P M A O W E O O U I R R 
D M E G R E A O I S I C W Z F 
Z G Z G N K N B H F S U N S B 
Y E L L O W S T O N E Y Y I U 
S N A I B I H P M A S Q B R L


butte

amphibians

reptiles

oldfaithful

obelisk

lincolnmemorial

grandcanyon

zion

yellowstone

ponyexpress

hooverdam

Devilstower

badlands 

Geyser

monument

                     1 1 1 1 1 1
   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5

1  L + + + + + + S O L + + + + D 
2  + A + + + + D + B U + + + + E 
3  P + I + + N + + E F + + + N V 
4  + O + R A + G + L H + + O S I 
5  M + N L O E + + I T + Y + E L 
6  + A D Y Y M + + S I N + + L S 
7  M A D S E + E + K A + + + I T 
8  B O E R + X + M C F + + + T O 
9  + R N + E + P D N D N + + P W 
0  E T T U B V N R + L + O + E E 
11 + + + + M A O + E O O + I R R 
12 + + + + R E + O + S + C + Z + 
13 + + + G + + N + H + S + N + + 
14 Y E L L O W S T O N E + + I + 
15 S N A I B I H P M A + + + + L

Solutions

(Over,Down,Direction) 
AMPHIBIANS(10,15,W)
BADLANDS(1,8,NE)
BUTTE(5,10,W)
DEVILSTOWER(15,1,S)
GEYSER(7,4,SW)
GRANDCANYON(4,13,NE)
HOOVERDAM(9,13,NW)
LINCOLNMEMORIAL(15,15,NW)
MONUMENT(1,7,SE)
OBELISK(9,1,S)
OLDFAITHFUL(10,11,N)
PONYEXPRESS(1,3,SE)
REPTILES(14,11,N)
YELLOWSTONE(1,14,E)
ZION(14,12,NW)

Butte: an isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top

Boom towns: a town undergoing rapid growth due to sudden prosperity

Helictites: a distorted form of stalactite, typically resembling a twig.

Stalactites: a tapering structure hanging like an icicle from the roof of a cave, formed of calcium salts deposited by dripping water.

Alpine: relating to high mountains.

obelisk: a stone pillar, typically having a square or rectangular cross section and a pyramidal top, set up as a monument or landmark.

Glossary