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by Noa Medina

Yellow is for Yellow Bellied Turtles

The World of weird animals

Discovering the World's Yellow Animals

Yellow is wonderful

Yellow is for

Yellow Bellied Turtles

Discovering the World's Yellow Animals

by Noa Medina

You Think you know yellow?

Think again...

Yellow is for Yellow Bellied Turtles

The Yellow Bellied Turtle swims in the waters of the U.S.

 They turtles swim together in small groups. The females tend to be bigger than the males. They swim together and hunt for food. They like to rest on logs or piles of twigs. They also can be your pet. There is no secret why there turtles got their names.



Stripes Of Confusion

With their yellow stripes, it is hard to not recognize them.

 They have little yellow stripes under their stomachs which confuses predators because of the bright colors. In the wild bright colors usually means poisonous so lots of predators avoid eating these turtles. The bright colors of the turtle makes predators think they are poisonous. They stay away in case the turtle is poisonous. The turtle is lucky and not the easiest meal.


Vitals

Name: Yellow Bellied Turtle

Species Name: Trachemys scripta

Size: 4 to 8 inches

Habitat: These turtles live in the ponds and lakes of the Southeast

Diet: Insects, dead fish, tadpoles, vegetables

Predators: Large fish, sharks, large turtles                                                               

Yellow is for Corroboree Frog

Yellow is for Corroboree Frogs

 Tiny frogs called Corroboree frogs roam the snowy mountains of New South Wales in Australia. These frogs spend their time looking for food and caring for their family. In July, all females lay 35 eggs and they are all stored in one burrow. They will hatch in autumn or near winter when it is wet. Corroboree frogs live up to 5 years. Sadly, this species of frogs are critically endangered. Many people are trying to protect and save the frogs. There is a conservation and many national places for these frogs to live. The frogs have a special attack that they keep secret until needed.



Deadly to the Touch

These frogs might be small but don’t underestimate them.

 These frogs can make their own poison. The frogs’ skin are deadly to the touch. They are able to store acid when they are not in water. If threatened the frogs will make their skin poisonous and try to defend themselves. When a predator touches their skin, they will be infected with dangerous and deadly poison.

Vitals 

Name: Corroboree frog

Species Name:

Pseudophyno Pengilleyi

Size: 2.5-3 centimeters

 Diet: These frogs feed off algae, larvae, insects, beetles,   ants, and mites.

Habitat: These frogs live in the mountains of New South Wales

Predators: These frogs face little danger from birds. The main danger is fungus and human destruction.

Yellow is for Ghost Crab

Yellow is for Ghost Crab

Looking like a golden treasure, the Ghost Crab runs across the beaches in the North American Atlantic, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Red Sea. The female stores thousands of eggs in her flap. The eggs are freed in the sea. After 2 months the larvae return to land. Wondering around they look for food. The crabs have to watch out because there are many predators looking for them. Note that these crabs claws are very different from others.

Man, That’s Loud!

The claw of the Ghost Crab has a special organ called the Strangulating organ. 

If they rub this organ against the bottom of its leg, it will make a squeaky noise.  They use this noise to tell other crabs to not enter their burrow. They also use this noise to lure female crabs. The sound is a  protective defense from other crabs. This sound is a very good thing for the crabs.

  Vitals

 Name: Ghost Crab

 Species name: Ocypode Ceratophthalmus

 Size: 2-3 inches

 Habitat: American Atlantic, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea

 Diet: Crabs, snails, clams, baby turtles, lizards

 Predators: Raccoons, shorebirds, gulls 

Yellow is for Yellow Sea Cucumber

Yellow is for Yellow Sea Cucumber

Lurking in the ocean, a small yellow animal emerges.

 It’s the Yellow Sea Cucumber. Yellow Sea Cucumber. It has a bright yellow body and large spikes. It is found in reefs and near rocks. The creature has 3 rows of feet and if scared releases a mild toxin called holothurin. This creature is passive and won’t attack other fish. This creature uses something other than its mouth to help them eat. 

Squirmy Moves 

This creature uses not just its mouth to eat but tentacles.

 On its head, 8 feathery tentacles are used to catch microscopic particles of food. They extend these tentacles and try to grasp food. The Yellow Sea Cucumber isn’t very tall so the extra tentacles help a lot. The small tentacles look like antennas so the creatures passing by will expect a big surprise.

 Vitals

 Name: Yellow Sea Cucumber

 Scientific name: Colochirus robustus

 Size: Up to 3 inches

 Habitat: Reefs in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans.

Diet: microplankton, microscopic organic particles

Predators: large fish, aggressive fish, large crabs

Yellow is for Yellow Sea Anemone

Yellow is for Yellow Sea Sea Anemone

Bright or dark, the Yellow Sea Anemone sits at the dept of 33,000 feet in the tidal zone of all oceans. Looking like a yellow wig the Yellow Sea Anemone is home to Clown Fish. The Clown Fish is one of the only creatures that can enter the Sea Anemone. They are safe and if being chased they run inside and the predator cannot enter without being stung many times. The Yellow Sea Anemone looks like a yellow bush so it is hard to tell what it is. This creature has its own trick up their sleeve so watch out.

Spears of Danger

The tentacles of the Yellow Sea Anemone are very sensitive. With the slightest touch, the Yellow Sea Anemone fires a stick like filament into the  predator. This filament injects a paralyzing neurotoxin into the predator. If underwater the predator may drown and die if they can’t breathe. This neurotoxin won’t last forever but for enough time. The paralyzed will likely drown.  

Vitals

 Name: Yellow Sea Anemone

Species name: Actiniaria.

Size: 5 inches to 6 feet.

 Diet: Crustaceans, sea snails, small fish.

 Habitat: Most oceans including Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans.

 Predators: Starfish, eels, flounders, codfish.

Yellow is for Yellow Crab Spider

Yellow is for Yellow Crab Spider

When this spider sees its prey, it jumps. 

This spider is an ambush spider. It lives in North America. The female lays an egg sac under a leaf and protects it until they hatch. Shortly after the female dies. Once the eggs hatch they thrive and find food. This spider hides in the flowers and waits for their prey. Although this spider doesn’t spin webs, it doesn’t mean they won’t live with you. 

A Special Circus Trick

As normal spiders spin webs, this spider leaps out at its prey. 

They hide in a flower and wait for a bee or fly to pass by. Then once the bee lands on the flower, the spider jumps out of the flower and eats the spider up. These spiders prefer yellow flowers for camouflage and for the element of surprise. These spiders like to wait until their food least expects it.

  Vitals

 Name: Yellow Crab Spider

 Species name: Misumena Vita

 Size: 3-9 millimeters

 Habitat: Forests in North America

 Diet: Bees, small insects, flies, other spiders

 Predators: birds, large spiders

Yellow is for Cuttlefish

Yellow is for Cuttlefish

Found in oceans of the world, the cuttlefish strolls across the ocean floor. The female lays 200 eggs. Shortly after the female dies. The cuttlefish is a small creature that looks like a squid mixed with a octopus. With blueish eyes, people think the cuttlefish looks very cute and harmless. This fish might look different every time.

An Underwater Rainbow Show

While fighting or mating, the Yellow Cuttlefish will change colors. The changing of colors will distract or make the predator scared of the cuttlefish. The females will be attracted by the males color changing skin. With a wide variety of colors the predator might mistake them for a different predator or a rock. The Yellow Cuttlefish color’s consist of green, red, blue, yellow, orange, brown, pink. Or white.

Vitals

Name: Yellow Cuttlefish

Species name: Sepiida 

Size: 5.9 inches to 20 inches

Habitat: Deep waters of North America and South America.

Diet: Crabs, shrimp, fish

Predators: Large fish, sharks, other cuttlefish

Yellow is for Yellow Seahorse

Yellow is for Yellow Seahorse

In the depths of the ocean a banana-like fish swims around.

This “fish” is not really a fish. It’s the Yellow Seahorse. The Yellow Seahorse is the largest seahorse in the world. With its size of 12 inches other seahorses find this beast as a threat. With spikes on its back, the Yellow Seahorse looks like a yellow club. Even though this Seahorse might be large, it’s not the most dangerous.

Slowest Race

This Seahorse won’t attack you. It is very passive and reacts poorly to being pushed or harassed. Even though this seahorse is big, most fish won’t find it as a threat. While being very passive the Yellow Seahorse is a very slow creature. Large and fast fish will try to take the Yellow Seahorse’s meal, and you might end up with an unhappy Seahorse.

Vitals

Name: Yellow Seahorse

Species Name: Hippocampus Kuda

Size: Up to 12 inches.

Habitat: The Indian and Pacific ocean.

Diet: Shrimp and algae.

Predators: Other aggressive fish, stingrays, crabs, tiger fish, and sharks.

Yellow is for Yellow Spotted Salamander

Yellow is for Yellow Spotted Salamander

Living deep underground, the Yellow Spotted Salamander hides from outside prey. These salamanders can live at a dept of 1.3 meters. The female lays up to 200 eggs and guards them until they hatch. When the small salamanders hatch they run and climb around. These salamanders squirm around and hunt for little bugs and insects walking around. This is an easy dinner for the salamanders. They also have a trick up their sleeve (not literally) which might give their predators a surprise.

Wiggly Once Gone

These salamanders are pretty hard to catch.

 When they are threatened, the Yellow Spotted Salamander will drop its tail and run. They also can grow their tail back so don’t be frightened. The Yellow Spotted Salamander is very clever and will be cautious when roaming near a predator. If grabbed the salamander will also lose its tail and try to squirm away. Their tails are also very fragile and if tugged their tails will fall of easily.

Vitals

Name: Yellow Spotted Salamander

Species Name: Ambystoma maculatum

Size: 5.9 to 9.8 inches

Habitat: Dense forests of U.S and Canada

Diet: Centipedes, millipedes, crickets, worms, spiders, and slugs

Predators: Snakes, skunks, raccoons, turtles, chipmunks, squirrels, and possums

Yellow is for Honeybee

Yellow is for Honey Bee

The Honey Bee buzzes through the forests and fields in the summer and lives in the hive during the winter. The female honey bee builds the hive for their queen. They also gather pollen. The males are “drones” of the hive and are kicked to the curve during winter. They store honey in the combs of their hive and use it as food for the winter. These bees have a whole different way of telling others that they found food.

Wiggle Waggle Wiggle!

Shake, shake! This bee is unlike any other. When this bee finds nectar or food, it will start shaking and breaking a move. The honey bee will do this maneuver and other bees will see it. The bee will make a circleish formation and start flapping its wings very fast. This will lure other bees to the food. This move is a helpful yet funny strategy.

  Vitals

  Name: Honey bee   

 Species Name: Apis mellifera

  Size: 9-20 millimeters

  Habitat: Forests and grasslands of warm areas

  Diet: Honey, pollen, fruit

  Predators: frogs, spiders, lizards, snakes

Fun Facts

1.  The Corroboree frog doesn't like in lakes

2. The Yellow Crab Spider won't make any webs to catch food

3. The Cuttlefish use their color changing ability to hide from predators

4. Ghost crabs are given their name from from their color

5. The Yellow Seahorse is the largest yet slowest Seahorse 

Corroboree Frog: 2

Yellow Crab Spider: 6

Cuttlefish: 11

Ghost Crab: 5

None: 2


Time For a Question


Which one have you heard of?